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15 Cards in this Set

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The Geography of Resource for Tourism

Introduction: Examinine resources at 3 scales
W, N, L

Technology allows us to reach almost any part of the world, but only a s____ part of the world is d_____ for tourism.

3 Main Characterisitcs
resource tourism refers to: t____ objects that are v____ economically by tourism sector

Resources themselves are not s______ used by tourists (m____-use)

Resources= P_______
World, National, Local

small, developed

tangible, valued

solely (multiple-use)

perishable
Planning for tourism Resources

Afer WW2 tourism seen as a way to benefit employement opp., and income develop., but e___, s___, and c____ impacts were all overlooked

Since late 19__'s, s____ tourism develop. have become organizing framework- p___ approach:
-codes of c____
-a____ and c_____,
-l_____
-best p____ dissemination
enviornment, social, cultural

1980's, sustainable, positive
-conduct
-accreditation &certification
- licenses
-practices
C_____ Capacity= key concept of sustainable tourism
** The ability of a destination to take tourism use without d_____ in some way**

Different types of C.C.
Physical- # of f____ available
Envio/Biological- l__ of use in ecosystem
Psycological/behvaioral (visitors viewpoint)- point at which visitors feel an a_______ tourist would s____ their experience
Social (host's viewpoint)- ability to t______ tourism in community
Carrying
deteriorating

facilities
limits
additional, spoil
tolerate
Tourism Planning: must be
-c___ to these issues
-m_____ benefits
-m_____ costs
-r_____ eniovorn. and r_____

Planning must be:
-based on sound r____
-involve lock c____ in goal setting
- take h____ approach
-and be implemented by P____ sector in partnership with P____ sector
central
max
min
recognize, resources

research
community
holistic
public, private
What happend if plan does not succeed?
- q___ and i___ of tourist r____ is at risk
- role of tourism in multiple land use may be t____
-tourist suffers p___ q___ e___
-quality, integrity, resource
- threatened
- poor quality experience
Tourism Resources at World Scale:
Physcial Features:
__ % of Earth is made up of ___ oceans
Remaining ___% is land made up of ___ continents
a.) ___% = __ hemisphere
b.) ___% = __ hemishpere

Uneven distribution of land and water= important implications on c___, p____, d____, ec____ d____, c____, and essentially T____

Physical Features CNTD:
Earths surface is composed of 4 categories of landforms
1.) m___ and h____
-account for __% of land surface
-crisp, c____ air
-'n____' touring (skiing)
-attracts tourists ____-round
-limited c____ c____, and overdevelop= probs
71, 4 (PAIA)
29, 7 (AANSAEA)
a.) 40, Northern
b.) 20, Southern
climate, population, distribution, econ develop., communications, TOURISM

1.) mountains & hills
- 75%
-clean
-niche
-year
-carrying capcity
Physical CNTD-
2.) C____ (b____)
- most p____ holiday location
-appeals to all physical s___
-encourages travel for a wide range of a______
- moving from coasrts to w____

3.) Inland Waters (lakes, resvoirs, etc.)
-viewed as n___ or l___ features
- attract second-home o____ and r____ activities
-water p____= problem
-tourism and recreation take 2nd to needs of l___ c___

4.) F____ resources:
-valued for r____ and w____ protection
- careful mgmt. essential to p___ resources
Coast(beach)
- popular
- senses
- activities
- wetland

-nodes or landscape
-owners, recreational
-pollution
-local community

4.) Forest
- resource and wildlife
-protection
Toursim resources at the world scale:
Cultural Features:
-cultural regions- areas with b____ similarities in l___, a____, agricultural systems, and often shared h____ background, and r____.

- tourists must r____ differences
-abviod being offensive (do r_____)
-could present a threat to already e___ ways of life (tribes of 4th world countries)
-broad, lifestyle, architecture, historical, religion

-RESPECT
- research
-endangered
Tourism resources world scale: why people choose destinations???
- c___ l____ is advantageous for tourism
- sharge r____
- cul____ tourists- visit to explore a__ t___ or h___ sites
- Heritage tourism- curiousity about p___, the p___, and nature
- common language
- religion
- cultural, art treasures, historic
-places, past
Tourism Resources at the National Scale:
Classification of resources for tourism-
- N_____
- M___ ___, but not orginally designed...
- M___ ___, for the purpose..
- Special E____: occur p___

Tourists Differ by a___ and i____!
Hierarchy of Attractions:
-A___: m___ s___ attractions of international c____: fewer visitors
- Second Tier: sites visited as ____ of a tour, focusing on _-_ major sites
- Base: many m____ attractions that draw from i____ region
- Natural
- Man Made.. attract tourists
- Man Made.. to attract tourists
- periodically

Age & interest
-Apex: "MUST SEE", caliber
- part: 1-2
- minor, immediate
Resources at the National Scale CNTD:
Clawson and Knetsh 1966: Resources are sen as a continuum: r_____ development to w_____ (3 categories)
- u___-oriented: highly i___ development
- Resource-b____: type of resource determines u__ or area
- Int_____: a___ is determing factor

or
Re_____ and Non-______

Tourism product and Destination Marketing
Things needed to become v___ tourist destination!!
- at least ____ attraction promoted as u___ s___ p____
-s___ facilities
-a____ to major generating countries
-f____ pre-conditions for develop.
resort, wilderness
-user, intensive
-bases: use
-Intermediate: access

viable
- 1: unique selling proposition
-support (lodging, restaurants)
-accessibility
-favorable
Marketing CNTD
These elements combint to form d____ t____ p____
- mix of t___ and n_____ components
a.) c____: ex: winter sport experience
b.) f____ : ex: transportation services and accomodations
c.) s_____: ex: shopping, restaurants
d.) a_____: overall experience
destination tourist prodcuts
- tangible and non-tangible
a.) core
b.) facilitating
c.) supporting
d.) augmented
Tourism Resources at the Local Scale: For local resource develop. somone or orgs must a___
- p____ sector: involved in all levels of develop., must provide i____ infrastructure, everything on or below g____
(safety and security)

- P_____ sector: typically provides s____- hotels, entertainment, etc.

Success=
-a_______
- land a_____
-s___ physical site attributes
- good p___ and z____

* Develop. can not succeed w/o consent of l___ c___
ACT
- public, initial, ground
- private, superstructure

-accessbility
-availabliity
- suitable
- planning, zoning

* local community
Tourist Resorts and Tourist Centers:
Distinct Imprint on Landscape:
Resorts- distinct l____ and townscape meeting n___ of tourists
Tourist Center: tourism is a l_____

Zones of Develop.
- RBD= an area of tourist-related f____
-- develops clost to major a___ routes and central tourist f____

-CBD= main o__ and shopping area
- layout, needs
- latecomer

Recreational Business District- functions
-- access, feature

- Central Business District= office
Explanatory Development for resorts and centers:
Tourist Area Lifecyle:
1.) exploration- main attraction= u____ and n___
2.) Invovlement= a____ ensues
3.) Develop.= destination changes a_____
4.) Consolidation= dest. fully e___ (RBD EMERGES)
5.) Stagnation= peak visitor #s r_____
6.) Decline= visitors go to n____ destinations
7.) Rejuvination= re___ needed, attract new v____
1.) unspoilt, new
2.) advertising
3.) appearance
4.) engaged
5.) reached
6.) newer
7.) relaunch, visitors