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37 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
addends

numbers that are added together

addition

arithmetic operation of summing

associative property

changing the grouping does not change their sum or product

billion

number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeroes

commutative property

order of two numbers may be switched around and the answer is the same

composite number

whole number greater than 1 that has more than 2 factors

counting number

all the whole numbers from 1 and on, but does not include zero

decimal

number with one or more digits to the right of the decimal point

difference

answer to a subtraction problem

distributive property

a(b+c)=ab+ac

dividend

number to be divided by another number

division

arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication

divisor

number you divide by

factor

numbers that form a product when multiplied together

hundredth

one part in a hundred

identity property

adding or multiplying by these numbers does not change the answer

improper fraction

fraction in which the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator

integers

the set of negative numbers, whole numbers, and zero

irrational number

number that cannot be written as a quotient of two integers

million

number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeroes

minuend

first number in a subtraction problem

mixed number

whole number and a fraction

multiplication

arithmetic operation that is the inverse of division

PEMDAS

parentheses, exponents, multiplication and division, addition and subtraction

powers of ten

numbers formed by multiplying ten by itself

prime number

whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself

product

answer to a multiplication problem

quotient

answer to a division problem

rational number

integer or a fraction

scientific notation

decimal point after the first digit, times 10 to a power of 1 or more

subtraction

arithmetic operation that finds the difference between two quantities or numbers

subtrahend

number that is subtracted

sum

whole amount

tenth

one of ten equal parts

thousandth

one part in a thousand

prime number

whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself

whole number

positive number, including zero, that does not contain a fraction or decimal
