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37 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
addends

numbers that are added together


addition

arithmetic operation of summing


associative property

changing the grouping does not change their sum or product


billion

number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeroes


commutative property

order of two numbers may be switched around and the answer is the same


composite number

whole number greater than 1 that has more than 2 factors


counting number

all the whole numbers from 1 and on, but does not include zero


decimal

number with one or more digits to the right of the decimal point


difference

answer to a subtraction problem


distributive property

a(b+c)=ab+ac


dividend

number to be divided by another number


division

arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication


divisor

number you divide by


factor

numbers that form a product when multiplied together


hundredth

one part in a hundred


identity property

adding or multiplying by these numbers does not change the answer


improper fraction

fraction in which the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator


integers

the set of negative numbers, whole numbers, and zero


irrational number

number that cannot be written as a quotient of two integers


million

number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeroes


minuend

first number in a subtraction problem


mixed number

whole number and a fraction


multiplication

arithmetic operation that is the inverse of division


PEMDAS

parentheses, exponents, multiplication and division, addition and subtraction


powers of ten

numbers formed by multiplying ten by itself


prime number

whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself


product

answer to a multiplication problem


quotient

answer to a division problem


rational number

integer or a fraction


scientific notation

decimal point after the first digit, times 10 to a power of 1 or more


subtraction

arithmetic operation that finds the difference between two quantities or numbers


subtrahend

number that is subtracted


sum

whole amount


tenth

one of ten equal parts


thousandth

one part in a thousand


prime number

whole number that has exactly two factors, 1 and itself


whole number

positive number, including zero, that does not contain a fraction or decimal
