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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
who was kuleshov
- filmmaker, theorist, teacher
- film is not theater
- makes the kuleshov workshop
kuleshov key theories?
- montage (creative editing)
- shot is the basic unit of film
- creating meaning from how shots go together
what is creative geography

whats the term for this
space can be manipulated to create a story world (montage can create place/object/person that does not exist)
what is the kuleshov effect?
2 images with different meanings placed side by side create a new meaning
what was the kuleshov experiment?
placing image of a man with the same expressionnext to different images, you read different things
filmmaker/theorist, student of kuleshov
what were eistenstein's influences
1. kuleshov
2. japanese calligraphy
3. dialectical method
how has japanese calligraphy influenced eisenstein
how two symbols (different ideas) combine to indicate a different word
what is eistenstein's dialectical method?
dialectic = collision of opposites
influenced by hegel and marx
thesis + antithesis -> synthesis
how did kuleshov influence eisenstein
montage ideas (teacher kuleshov workshop)
what is the textbook of the kuleshov workship
significance of strike clip

the workers are montaged next to cows being slaughtered (saying that the workers are treated as chattel)

significance of october clip

Kerensky is about to take office, montaged next to a mechanical peacock to imply vanity and arrogance

eisenstein's aesthetic
revolutionary (anti borgeois)
- no studio shooting
- collective hero
- class system
eisenstein's aesthetic (4)
- revolutionary (anti-bourgeois)
- compositional motifs
- expanded time
- collision of opposites
how was eisenstein revolutionary
- no studio shooting
- collective hero
- non-actors
eisenstein: why is there no individual hero

what is there instead
appointing a hero makes that person better than everyone else

collective hero
example of the collective hero
strike (the workers)
there is no hierarchy of characters
why did eisenstein not use pro actors
let the people tell their own stories
eisenstein's motifs and what they mean
the circle: the collective, the proletarian circle, ideal

the diagonal line: tension, energy, action
where does eisenstein use the circle as a compositional motif

strike: circles in abandoned railroad wheel. where they put flyers secretly (on wheel. also 3 workers superimposed on the wheel

how are diagonals used as compositional motifs
strike: workers congregating, guy in front of the diagonal ropes
alexander nevsky - guy going into battle holds the spear at a diagonal
october: Lenin, the hero is leaning out with a flag at a diagonal
how does eisenstein play with narrative time
expand time:

repeated action (for emotional emphasis)
In October, the doors open for Kerensky 3 times.

In Battleship Potemkin, the woman who falls and accidentally pushes her baby's carriage down the stairs falls several times

Battleship Potempkin - the coassack makes the slashing move 3 times
how does kerensky give you vital details

vivid details (close shots), zooming in on an element

october: kerensky putting on gloves, gloves, leather boots, crest of the czar
battleship potemkin: the woman shot is shown from 4 different shots
how is eisenstein's narrative economy different
- time is extended
- dwg decreased the length of shots to create suspense
- shots are short but show you details and repetition
- emotional time is longer than clock
how did eisenstein use collision of opposites?
collides opposing sections
flaw of eisenstein's dialectical Montage
Misreading (if you have different interpretation of an image). also you have to read things exactly ("elitist cinema")
who was pudovkin
- more traditional student in kuleshov's workshop
- montage as linkage (relational editing using ideas, words, themes, shapes) of images
- book: Film Technique
what was relational editing in m
- the shape of the murderer leaning over elsie is the same as the hunched shape of the mom in the next shot (graphically matched)

- head guy makes the sweepign motion with the hand. (both good and bad guy's head, they are having the same meeting)
signif of clip chinatown

(relational editing): makes the transition fro night to morning
linked by concept time, object watch, shape circle in watch, tire, white circles
what is creative geography
creation of a place or person or object that doesn't exist
signif of the el mariachi clip

creating the scene when the people were never in the same room

robert rodriguez
signif of malcolm x

3 shots of them hugging

spike lee