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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What % of carbs are needed in the diet
56% - 60%
What % of protein are needed in the diet
10% - 15%
What % of fat are needed in the diet
20% - 30%
How many calories are in a fat gram
9
How many calories are in a carb
4
How many calories are in a protein
4
essential
something the body has to have but must get it from another source b/c it can’t make it
example of an essential lipid
omega 3 fatty acids
food that is an essential lipid
fish
what must be present for proteins to be synthesized
amino acids
what food provides all essential amino acids
milk
vitamin that is necessary before and during pregnancy
folate/folic acid
what is unique about vitamin D
it is absorbed when the body is exposed to sunlight
what is associated with Ricketts
vitamin D
NIACIN
Burberry
Vitamin C deficiency
Scurvy
Typical intake of sodium
4000-7000mg
An elderly lady has lost the ability to produce vitamins and minerals. This could cause what health problems?
Bone loss
Low hemoglobin
Fluid imbalance
Night blindness
Someone who eats vegetables, drinks low fat milk, and has osteoporosis needs
Calcium and Vitamin D
Elderly people need less calories but the same nutrients in their meals. What kind of food do they need to fulfill both requirements?
Nutrient dense food
Typical characteristics of a type A personality
Ambitious
Driven
Impatient
Stress
Nonspecific response of a human to any demand made on the human body
3 stages of stress
alarm reaction
resistance
exhaustion
symptoms of fight-or-flight response
increase in BP
increased heart rate
digestion ceases
LCU
Measure of life changing units
What reverses the affects of daily stresses
Daily hassles
Vegan
Vegetarian diet that consists of only plant foods
Enriched foods
Foods in which the nutrients were lost during the milling process and the manufactures had to put them back in
Ex: wheat and white flour
DASH
Dietary approach to stop hypertension
Ex of an insoluble fiber
Potatoes
Ex of a soluble fiber
brown rice
What is true about all foods rich with antioxidants
They are colorful foods
Ex: strawberries, cranberries
Stress response
Adaption to stress
Fight or flight response
Psychological responses to a perceived health
Works w/extreme danger
Well defined and short lived
Unused stress products can increase the rate of aging
Avoid triggering unless an emergency
Essential amino acids
Histadine
Isoleucine
Leucine
Lysine
Methonine
Phenylatanine
Tryptophan
Valine