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79 Cards in this Set

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THE TWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
GEO THE STUDY OF EARTH AND PEOPLE
GEOGRAPHY
THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-LOCATION
WHERE THINGS ARE FOUND
THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-RELATIVE GEOGRAPY
THE LOCATIONS OF A PLACE, COMPARED TO OTHER PLACES ON EARTH
THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-PLACE
FEATURES THAT MAKE UP A LOCATION
THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLIMATE, LAND, SOILS, HYDROLOGY , VEGETATION, AND ANIMAL LIFE
HYDROLOGY IS PART OF THIS MANIFASTAITON
6) THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLIMATE,LANDFORMS, SOILS, HYDROLOGY, VEGATATIONS, AND ANIMAL LIFE
HYDROLOGY
7) THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
HUMAN CHARACTER-LANGUAGE, RELIGION, POLITICAL SYSTEMS, ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, POPULATION DISTRIBUTIONS AND QUALITY OF LIFE
HC
8)PHYSICAL FEATURES THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
FEATURES INLCUDE LAND FORMED THAT ARE FORM BY NATURE (LANDFORMS, BODIES OF WATER, PLANT LIFE, ETC)
PF
9)THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY-HUMAN FEATURES
BUILDING, ROADS, AND THE PEOPLE THEMSELVES
HF
10) DISTANCE-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
DISTANCE-THE EXTENT OF SPACE BETWEEN TWO OBJECTS OR PLACES
DISTANCE
11 HUMAN-ENVIROMENT INTRERACTING-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
HUMAN INTERACTION-HOW HUMANS AND THEIR ENVIROMENTALS AFFECT EACH OTHER
HUMAN ENV INERACT
12) MOVEMENT-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
HOW IDEAS, PEOPLE, AND THINGS, CHANGE LOCATIONS, AND HOW TEHSE CHANGE AFFECT THE WORLD
MOVMENT
13)REGIONS-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
REGTHEM DIFFERENTIONS-AREAS WHOSE FEATURES MAKE THERENT FROM OTHER AREAS: REGION CAN BE BASED ON PHYSICAL OR HUMAN FEATURES. ALL REGIONS HAVE AREA, BOUNDARIES, AND LOCATION
REGIONS
14) NATURAL (FORMAL) REGIONS THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
PLACES WITH SIMILAR NATURAL FEATURES SUCH AS-
*HA*CLIMATHE REGIONS (HUMID SUBTROPICAL REGIONS
LANDFORM REGIONS (BIG BEND)
VOLVES LAND FORMS
15) FUNCTIONALTHE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY REGIONS-
A GROUP OF PLACES LINKED BY THE FLOW OF SOMETHING ELEXE AND ORGANIZED AROUND A NODE OR FOCAL POINT SUCH AS:
-THE AMAZON BASIN(LINKED BY THE FLOW OF WATER)
OF COMMUTERS)
THE DALLAS TRANSIT SYSTEM-
(LINKED BY THE FLOW COMMUTERS)
-SHOPPING MALLS
-BRANCH BANKS
THE DALLAS TRANSIT SYSTEM
16) POLITICAL REGIONS-A REGION THAT SHARES A GOV. AND HAS THE SAME LEADERS SUCH AS
POLICICAL REGIONS-COUNTRIES, PORVINCES, STATES, COUNTRIES, CITIES
17) POPLULATION REGIONS-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
A INE, DEFINED BY THE PEOPLE THAT LIVE IT
POPULATION REGIONS
18) ECONOMIC REGIONS-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
ECONOMIC REGIONS-DEFINED BY THE TYPE OF WORK, STANDARD OF LIVING, AND THE ECONOMY OF THE PEOPLE THAT LIVE IN IT
ECONOMIC RE
19) GRID SYSTEMS-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
GRID SYSTEMS-A GRID SYSTEM ALLOWS A LOCATION OF A POINT ON A MAP (OR ON THE SURACE OF THE EARTH)TO BE DESCRIBED AND UNIVERSALLY UNDERSTOOD. a GRID IS DRAWN OVER THE REPRESENTAION OF A PLACE,AND XY COORDINATES ARE USED TO ASSIST IN LOCATING PLACES ON THE GRID
GRID SYSTEMS
20) RESOURCES-THE TEWENTY POINTS OF KEY CONCEPTS OF GEOGRAPY
PHYSICA TERIAL FROM THE EARTH WHICH PEOPLE NEED AND VALUE INCLUDING
-BASIC RESOURCES-AIR, LAND, WATER,
-RENEWABLE (SELF-REPLENISHHING)
-RESOURCES-PLANTS, ANIMALS
NON-RENWABLE RESOURCES-FOSSIL FUELS, SUNLIGHT, WATER
RESOURCES
B)GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS AND PROCESSES
PHYSICAL GEOPGRAPHY IS THE STUDY OF THE PHYSICAL EARTH, INCLUDING ANALYISS OF THE PHYSICAL ELEMENTS AND PROCESS THAT MAKE UP AN ENVIROMENT:
AIR
ANIMALS
CLIMATES
ENERGY
LANDFORMS
PLANTS
SOILS
WATER
WEATHER
THE EARTH ITSELF
PATTERNS AND PROCESSES
KEY TERMS-AQUILIFER
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. The study of water flow in aquifers and the characterization of aquifers is called hydrogeology.
THEY LIE UNDER MOST OF THE LAND IN TEXAS
BASIN
BOWL-SHAPED LAND AREA, SURROUNDED BY HIGHER LAND
BASIN
CAPE
POINT OF LAND THAT EXTENDS INTO THE WATER
CAPE
CATARACT
LARGE WATERFALL
CHANNEL
THE DEEPEST PART OF A BODY OF WATER
CHANNEL
COASTAL PLAIN
FLAT LAND ALONG A SEA OR OCEAN
DELTA
TRAINGLE SHAPED AREA OF LAND AT THE MOUTH OF A RIVER
DELTA
ESCARPMENT
A LONG, STEEP ROCK WALL
FALL LINE
AREA WHERE RIVERS FORM WATER FALLS AND RAPIDS AS THEY DROP TO LOWER LAND
FLOODPLAIN
FLAT LAND NEAR THE EDGES OF RIVERS: FORMED BY FLOODS DEPOSITING RIVER SOIL (SILT) ONTO THE LAND
FLATLAND
INLET
ARE AOF WATER FROM A LARGER BODY OF WATER THAT EXTENDS INTO THE LAND
INLET
ISTHMUS
NARROW STRIP OF LAND THAT CONNECTS TWO LARGER LAND AREAS
MESA
STEEP. FLAT-TOPPED MOUNTAIN
PENENISULA
LAND THAT IS ALMOST COMPLETELY SURRONDED BY WATER
P
peninsula
land that is almost completley surronded by water
plain
flat or gently-rolling, low land
strait
narrow channel of water connecting two larger bodies of water
TRIBUTARY
STREAM OR RIVER THAT FEEDS INTO A LARGER STREAM
GRAPHIC PATTERNS AND PROCESSESS*****LANDFORMS REGIONS OF THE US
GRAPHIC AREAS THAT INCLUDE MULTIPLE STATES. tHESE ARE MANY SUB-DIVISONS OF THESE REGIONS:
WEST
MIDDLE WEST
SOUTH
NORTHEAST
US CENSUS DEPARTMETN REGIONS
LANDFORM REGIONS OF TEXAS

QUESTIONS OF MOUNTAINS AND BASINS ON LAST TEXES EXAM IN
WEST TEXAS
INCLUDES CHISOS MOUNTAINS, THE DAVIS MOUNTAINS, AND THE GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS
*********TEXES TEXT QUESTION ALERT***********WEST TEXAS MOUNTAINS
LANDFORM REGIONS OF TEXAS
HIGH PLAINS
BGIN AT THE CAPROCK ESCARPMENT
PART OF TEH US CENTRAL PALIN
HIGH PLAINS PART OF CENTRAL PLAINS + THE PANHANDLE, AND THE NORTHERNMOST PART OF TEXAS
LANDFORM REGIONS OF TEXAS

CENTRAL PLAINS
BEGINS ABOVE THE BALCONES ESCARPMENT
ALSO KNOW AS TEXAS HILL COUNTRY
PART OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS OF THE US
ENDS AT TH ECAPROCKK ESCARPMETN
CENTRAL PLAINS-KNOW AS TEXAS HILL COUNTRY -ENDS AT THE CAPRO
IS KNOW AS SENTROAL TEXAS
LANDFORM REGIONS OF TEXAS
COASTAL PLAINS
FOLLOWS THE TX GULF COAST
STARTS AT SEA LEVEL AND GRADUALLY RISES UNTIL IT REACHES THE BALCONES EXCARPMENT
ThESE REGOINS ARE SUBDIVIDED INTO SMALLER SECTIONS
BIG BEND COUNTRY
PANHANDLE PLAINS
HILL COUNTRY
SOUTH TX PLAINS
PAIREIS AND LAKES
PINEY WOODS
GULF COAST PLAINS
C.THE 7 PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE-FIRST PROCESS
HOW HUMANS ARE ABLE TO LINVE IN VARIOUS KINDS OF PHYSICAL ENVIROMENTS, INCLUDING THOSE THAT ARE LESS THAN HOSPITABLE
C. THE 7 PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE
HOW THE PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THESE ENVIRONMENTS SHAPE HUMAN ACTIVITES
C.THE 7 PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE
HOW THE PHYSCIAL FEATURES OF THE EARTH CREATE A POTENTIAL HOME FOR HUMANS
C.THE 7 PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE
HOW HUMANS TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE OPPORTUNITIES THEIR ENVIRONMENTS OFFERS
C.THE 7 PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE
HOW HUMANS MINIMIZE THE EFFECTS OF THE LIMITATIONS IMPOSED BY THE ENVIRONMENT
THE 7 C.PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE POINT 6
hOW HUMANS USE AND CONSUME RESOURCES FROM THE ENVIRONMENT
C.PHYSICAL PROCESSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
TEXAS TEACHERS MUST UNDERSTAND AND COMMUNICATE-POINT 7
HOW ENVIRONMENTS MUST BE PROTECTED TO ENSURE CONTINUING LIVABILTIY FOR HUMANS
TEH 7 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF EARTH
CLIMATE, LANDFORMS SOILS, HYDROLOGY, VEGETATION, ANIMAL LIFE
7 CHARACTYERIS TICS OF EARTH
THE 7 CHARATERISTICS OF EARTH
LANGUAGE, RELIGION, POLITICAL SYSTEMS, ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, POPULATION DISTRIBUTION, QUALITY OF LIFE
L
R
P
E
P
Q
THE 1ST OF FOUR PHYSICAL PROCESSECS OCCUR
PHYSICAL PROCESS SHAPE TEH PHYSICAL ENVIRONMETN PRODUCING LANDFORMS AND OTHER FEATURES OF EARTH. THESE PROCESS INCLUDE: ATMOSPHERE ( THE GASES THAT SURROND THE EARTH0 CLIMATE ADN METEROLOGY
CLIMATE ADN METEOROLOG
THE 2ST OF FOUR PHYSICAL PROCESSECS OCCUR
PHYSICAL PROCESS SHAPE TEH PHYSICAL ENVIRONMETN PRODUCING LANDFORMS AND OTHER FEATURES OF EARTH. THESE PROCESS INCLUDE:LITHOSPHERE (THE LAND)-PLATE TECTRONICS
PLATE TECTRONIS, EROSION, DEPOSITION, AND SOIL FORMATION
THE 3 OF FOUR PHYSICAL PROCESSECS OCCUR
PHYSICAL PROCESS SHAPE TEH PHYSICAL ENVIRONMETN PRODUCING LANDFORMS AND OTHER FEATURES OF EARTH. THESE PROCESS INCLUDE:HYDROSPHERE-THE WATER)-TEH CIRCULATION OF OCEANS AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
HYDROSPHERE (THE WATER)
THE 4 OF FOUR PHYSICAL PROCESSECS OCCUR
PHYSICAL PROCESS SHAPE TEH PHYSICAL ENVIRONMETN PRODUCING LANDFORMS AND OTHER FEATURES OF EARTH. THESE PROCESS INCLUDE: THE BIOSPHERE
BIOSPHERE (LIVING THINGS ON EARTH)PLANT AND ANIMAL COMMUNTIES AND ECOSTYSTEMS
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ENVIROMENT AND PEOPLE IS DEPENDENT UPON HOW HUMANS CONSUME. tO ASSURE CONTINUED QUALITY OF LIFE, CONVERATION IS AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF STUDY INCLUDING:
ENERGY CONVERSATION
WATER CONVERSATION
RECYCLING
3 FEATURES THAT ENSUE QUALITY OF LIFE
WHEN THE EARTH CHANGES WHAT ARE THREE PHYSICAL PROCESS THAT AFFECT HUMANS
EROSION
WEATHER
NATURAL DISASTORS
E
W
N
THE 6 NATURAL HAZARDS OF PHYSICAL PROCESS THAT EFFECT HUMANS
ENVIROMENTAL EVENTS
NOT CAUSED BY HUMANS
HARMFUL EFFECTS
NOT PREVENTABLE
NOT PREDICTABLE (PRECISE LOCATION, TIME, MAGNITUDE
EXAMPLES
EARTHQUAKES
DROUGHT
FLOODS
FOREST FIRES HURRICANES
INSECT INFESTATIONS
TORNADOES
STORMS
C) 4 STRATEGIES THAT REDUCE NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF NATURAL HAZARDS
IMPROVED BUILDING DESIGN
LAND-USE REGULATION
PUBLIC EDUCATION
WARNING SYSTEMS
I
L
P
W
ENVIROMETAL ADAPTION AND MODIFICATIONS-THE ENVIROMENT AFFECTS HUMANS AND IS RECIPROCAL, MOST ENVIRO. CHANGES ARE NOT PLANNED, AND MANY ENVIRON. EFFECTS ARE NOT ANTICIPATED. PEOPLE DEPEND UPON THEIR ENVIRONMENT. THEY ADAPT (INTERACTION) THERE ARE 3 PRINCIPLES
THE WAY PEOPLE INTERACT:
THE NATURE OF THE ENVIROMENT
CULTURE AND VALUES OF THE HUMAN GROUP
THE GROUPS LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGY
N
C
H
G
TECHNOLOGY HELPS TO CONTROL EARTHS ENVIROMENT IN WHICH WAYS EXP
AIR CONDITIONING ALLOWS HUMANS TO RELOCATE TO HOT AREAS PREVOUSLY UNSUITD TO SETTLEMENT
POSTIVE EFFECTS OF ENVIROMNET
WHAT ARE THE NEGATIVE WAYS IN WHICH TECHNOLOY HAS HELPED CONTROL THE ENVIROMENT
DAMS CONTROL FLOODING ( ALLOWING FOR HUMAN HABITATION), BUT CAN ALSO REDUCE SOIL REPLENSHIMENT AND INTENTISFY THE EROSION OF RIVERBANKS
NEGTIVE OF TECH AND ENVIROMENT
DEFINE CULTURE AND HOW IT WORKS
ATTITUDES, ( ROLE OF MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN,) ARTWORK, CUSTOM AND HOLIDAYS,
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES, EDUCATION SYSTEMS, LAND USE PRACTICES.ORG. AND LAYOUT OF SETTLEMENS
CULTURE DEFINED
WHAT IS DIFFUSISON IN RELATION TO GEOGRAPY?
DIFFUSION IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH AN IDEA OR INNOVATION TRAVELS FROM PERSON TO PERSON OR GROUP TO GROUp:
RELCATION DIFFUSION-WHEN PEOPLE MOVE TO A NEW PLACE, TAKING THEIR CULTURE, IDEAS AND INNOVATIONS WITH THEM
RELCATION DIFFUSION
EXPANSION DIFFUSION
EXCHANGE-PUSH AND PULL FACTORS OF GEOGRAPY
PEOPLE MOVE FOR MANY REASONS INCLUDING
CONFLICT
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ENVIROMENTAL CHANGE NATUARL DISATERS
DEFINE PUSH FACTORS IN DETAIL
INCLUDE NEGATIVE THINGS THAT MAKE A PERSON WANT TO MOVE AWAY FROM A PLACE (JOB LOSS, FAMINE, WAR, ETC.)
DEFINE PULL FACTORS
POSTIVE THINGS MAKE A PEROSN WANT TO MOVE TO A PLACE (ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, RESOURCES, BETTER CLIMATE, ETC.
PULL FACTORS
DEVINE CULTURAL CONVREGENCE
WHEN PEOPLE, MOVE, THEY BRING THGEIR CULTURE (ATTITUDES, BELIEFS, LANGUAGE, VALUES, WAYS OF BEHAVING) WITH THEM. CULTURAL CONVERGENCE OCCURS WHEN THE IDEAS, HABITS, SKILLS, ARTS AND INSTITUTIONS OF ONE CULTURE COME IN CONTACT AND INTRACT WIHT THOSE OF ANOTHER CULTURE
THIS IS ALL PART OF THIS IDEA: IDEAS, HABITS, SKILLS, ARTS, AND INSTITUTIONS OF ONE CULTURE CONE INCONTACT A
INGERATING CONCEPTS WITH Economi US HISTORY, WORLD HISTORY, TEX HISTORY, GOV./CIVICS/ POLI SCI, GEOGRAPHY, ECON, TECHONOLGY TYPES OF INTEGRATING CONC
INGERATING CONCEPTS WITH Economi US HISTORY, WORLD HISTORY, TEX HISTORY, GOV./CIVICS/ POLI SCI, GEOGRAPHY, ECON, TECHONOLGY TYPES OF INTEGRATING CONC
INTEGRATING CONCEPTS
HOt HIGH ORDER THING QUESTIONS, WHERE YOU INTERPET INFORMATION FROM WRIT PASSAGES, MAPS, CHARTS, GRAPHS, TABLES, CARTOONS, DIAGRAMS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS
HOt HIGH ORDER THING QUESTIONS, WHERE YOU INTERPET INFORMATION FROM WRIT PASSAGES, MAPS, CHARTS, GRAPHS, TABLES, CARTOONS, DIAGRAMS, AND PHOTOGRAPHS
HOTS
QUESTIONS RELATING TO DIVERSE EXPERINCES:
GENDER, CULTURE, RACE
PRIMARY SOURCES OF STUDING economiCs
PRIMARY SOURCES OF STUDING economis RECORDS AND FIRST HAND ACCOUNTS OF HISTORICAL EVENTS, Edit
SECOND SOURCES OF STUDING HISTORY RETELLINGS, DESCRIPTIONS, AND EXPLANATIONS CREATED AFTER THE EVENT, AND EXPLANATIONS DREATIED AFTER THE EVENT USUALLY BASED ON PRIMARY SOURCES
PRIMARY SOURCES AND SECONDAY SOURCES
GEOGRAPHY SKILLS HELP STUDENTS UNDERSTAND THAT THE WORLD IS A SINGLE ENVIROMENT THAT:
SYSTEM AFFETED BY ITS INBABITANTS
THE FOLLWOING ARE GREAT GEOGRAPY SKILLS
ASK GEO. QUESTIONS
COLLECT INFO
ORGANIZE INFORMATION
ANALYZE INFO
ANSWER GEO QUESTIONS
GEOGRAPY RESEARCH EVALUATION COMMUNICATION and ANALYZING DATA-TYPES
GEOGRAHY RESEARCH EVALUATION COMMUNICATION
and ANALYZING DATA-TYPES TEXTBOOKS,
SCHOLARLY BOOKS,
ARTICLES,
AUTOGRAPHIES,
EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS,
LETTERS,
DIARIES,
JOURNALS,
NEWS REPORTS
OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS, HISTORICAL SITES AND ARTIFACTS AND WORKS OF ART
GEOGRAPY FIELDWORK INCLUDES
DISTRIBUTING QUESTINNAIRES
TALKING PHOTOS
RECORD OBSERVATIONS
INTERVIEWING CITIZENS
COLLECT SAMPLES
T
R
I
C