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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Metabolic Acidosis
Caused by severe dehydration, dysfunction of kidneys, overuse of antacids, etc.

Don't release enough bicarbonates. Acidic blood, low pH. Nerve cells fail from low pH, resulting in convulsions/coma.
Clamidia
STD
80% women & 40% men lack symptoms
Moves from urinary system to lymph glands, causes swelling, often first sign of disease.
Gonorrhea
STD
many types are resistant to antibiotics
Symptoms for men: pus in urine
Few symptoms in women, often travels to oviducts, causing sterility.
Syphilis
STD
Main sign is chancre ulcer, packed with active bacteria.
In secondary phase, may infect eye, bone, nervous system, connective tissue.
Kidney Stones
Crystals of uric acid or calcium and salts form in renal pelvis.

Lithotripsy: high-energy sound waves used to break stones into fragments.
Glomerulonephritis
Poor or obstructed flow of fluids through glomerulus. Toxic by-products of protein not able to be filtered out can become concentrated in blood, overworking liver.

Hemodialysis: machine connects to blood vessel, filters blood as kidneys would, returns it to blood stream.
Nephritis
Inflammation of kidneys

Renal capsule prevents outward swelling, forces inward swelling. Causes nephron failure.
Cancer
Metastasis: fast spreading becuase kidneys process blood.
UTI-Cystitis
Urinary Tract Infection.

Inflammation of urinary bladder (cystisis)

Increased risk in women because of shortness of urethra and nearness to anus.
Polycystic Kidney disease
Inherited
Semi-solid masses (cysts) may reduce kidney function.
UTI is common symptom.
Treatment: dialysis, kidney replacement, or some people can manage the disease.