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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The core of ancient philosophy is _________, while that of medieval philosophy is ________ (the philosophical science of God).
cosmology; theodicy
…___ is the center of medieval thought, no wonder that most of the philosophers during this time are saints, great saintes.
Who are the flag-bearers or prominent figures of the medieval philosophy?
St. Augustine & St. Thomas Aquinas
Medieval philosophy starts with ___ _________. Some commentators say he is the last philosopher of the ancient period. But this is misleading because that title is reserved for ________, a major philosopher in the ancient world.
St. Augustine; Plotinus
No doubt, "___ _________ is the first great Christian philosopher" and the main authority in the medieval period.
St. Augustine
Evil comes into the world not because it is part of God's creation, but because of man's ____ ____. (Augustine)
free will
___ is responsible for the existence of evil, not God, for God cannot will it; He is Absolute ________, says Augustine.
Man; Goodness
Man cannot will to be saved; his _________ depends on the grace and mercy of God.
For Augustine, God's grace has it's locus in the ______.
To Augustine, salvation happens only through conversion symbolized by one's submission to the Church and her sacraments. Thus, in effect, Augustine is saying that without the Church, there is no _________.
Man for Augustine, "is not a ____ only nor a ____... Only when ____ and ____ are in union can we speak of man."
body; soul; body; soul
___ _________ (354-430 A.D.)
St. Augustine
___ ______ _______ (1224-1274)
St. Thomas Aquinas
…the monumental works of St. Thomas, namely _____ __________ and _____ ______ ________.
Summa Theologica; Summa Contra Gentiles
___ ______ asserts that man is substantially united body and soul.
St. Thomas
For Aquinas, man is an embodied soul, not a soul using a body, as _____ claimed.
Human life here is understood by Aquinas in his doctrine called _____________.
This, to Aquinas, can happen in a doctrine he calls ____________. It is God alone, for Aquinas, who has the exclusive authority to __________ life.
annihilation; annihilate
It is through animation that the soul _____________ the actual body. And the two become one _________. (Aquinas)
substantiates; substance
The soul, however, is unified with the body for its lower activity, i.e., _________. (Aquinas)
In simple terms, a _________ essentially exists by itself. (Aquinas)
For Aquinas, God is the only substance; God is the only ____-__________ Being.
Because it (the soul) is immortal, its higher powers such as _________ and ____ “must remain in the soul after the destruction of the body.”
intellect; will
Unlike the ______ who viewed man from the standpoint of their understanding of the world, Saints Augustine and Aquinas view man from the standpoint of their metaphysical advertence of God's existence.
In the light of their theodicy, Augustine and Aquinas, more or less, _____________ the pagan philosophy of the Greeks concerning human nature.
According to Augustine, _________ is made available by the Church and her sacraments.