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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Meningitis in neonates Causes? Treatment?
Group B strep, E. coli, Listeria. Treat with gentamicin and ampicillin.
Meningitis in infants. Causes? treatment?
Pneumococcus, meningococcus, H. influenzae. Treat with cefotaxime and vancomycin
What should always be done prior to LP?
Check for ↑ ICP; look for papilledema
CSF findings:
-Low glucose, PMN predominance
Bacterial meningitis
CSF findings:
-Normal glucose, lyphocytic predominance
Aseptic (viral) meningitis
CSF findings:
-Numerouse RBCs in serial CSF samples
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)
CSF findings:
-↑ gamma globulins
MS
Initially presents with a pruritic papule with regional lymphadenopathy; evolves into a black eschar after 7 - 10 days. Treatment?
Cutaneous anthrax. Treat with penicillin G or ciprofloxacin
Findings in 3* syphilis
Tabes doralis, general paresis, gummas, Argyll Robertson pupil, aortitis, aortic root aneurysms
Characteristics of 2* Lyme disease
Arthralgias, migratory polyarthropathies, Bell's palsy, myocarditis
Cold agglutinins
Mycoplasma
A 24-year-old man presents with soft white plaques on his tougue and the back of his throut. Diagnosis? Workup? Treatment?
Candidal thrush. Workup should include an HIV test. Treat with nystatin oral suspension
Begin Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly P. corinii) pneumonia prophylaxis in an HIV-positive patient at what CD4 count?
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) prophylaxis?
≤ 200 for P. jiroveci (with TMP-SMX); 5-100 for MAI (with clarithromycin/axithromycin)
Risk factros for pyelonephritis
Pregnancy, vesicoureteral reflux, anatomic anomalies, indwelling catheters, kidney stones
Neutropenic nadir postchemotherapy
7-10 days
Erythema migrans
Lesion of 1* Lyme disease
Classic physical findings for endocarditis
Fever, heart murmur, Osler's nodes, splinter hemorrhages, Janeway lesions, Roth's spots
Aplastc crisis in sickle cell disease
Parvovirus B19
Ring-enhancing brain lesion on CT with seiqures
Taenia solium (cysticercosis)