Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the leader off the Nazi Party, he ruled Germany as a dictator with dreams of creating a new empire with vast "living space" for the German people.
Adolf Hitler (29)
a ruler who has absolute power.
dictator (29)
another empire builder like Germany, it had taken over the African country of Ethiopia through the leadership of its dictator, Benito Mussolini.
Italy (29)
an empire builders like Germany and Italy, its military leaders plotted to conquer all of East Asia.
Japan (29)
the Italian dictator who had taken over the African country of Ethiopia in 1936.
Benito Mussolini (29)
the military and economic alliance formed by Germany, Italy, and Japan in 1940.
Axis Powers (29)
the name used for the land which is now known as Vietnam and Cambodia; it was invaded by Japan in 1941.
Indochina (29)
the former name of Indonesia, Japan seized it to get oil for their war machine after the United States initiated a trade embargo against it.
Dutch East Indies (29)
the home of the United States Navy's Pacific fleet, Japanese bombers roared out of the clouds and rained bombs on the naval base on December 7, 1941.
Pearl Harbor (29)
one of the many battleships that were sunk by the Japanese bombers in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; all 415 men aboard drowned.
the Oklahoma (29)
one of the many battleships that were sunk by the Japanese bombers in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, it caught fire and disappeared beneath the waves taking 1,000 with her.
the Arizona (29)
evil fame.
infamy (29)
a coalition of 48 countries led by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union who fought the Axis Powers in World War II.
allies (29)
in November 1942, more than 100,000 Allied troops landed in this continent to capture Germany's Afrika Korps led by General Erwin Rommel.
North Africa (29)
the legendary German army detachment led by the equally legendary German commander Erwin Rommel stationed in North Africa.
Afrika Korps (29)
the "Desert Fox." this legendary German general of the Afrika Korps conquered North Africa.
Erwin Rommel (29)
the name given to the legendary German general Erwin Rommel of the Afrika Korps.
"Desert Fox" (29)
from the victory in North Africa in 1943, the Allies crossed the Mediterranean and landed in this Italian island to attack mainland Italy.
Sicily (29)
on the Russian Front, German troops reached this industrial city in the summer of 1942 and bombed it over the next few months transforming it to a blackened wasteland.
Stalingrad (29)
June 6, 1944, a day specified for launching an operation, such as the Allied invasion of Normandy.
D-Day (29)
the Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II.
Winston Churchill (29)
the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union during World War II.
Joseph Stalin (29)
it was on the beaches of this region on the coast of German-occupied France where Allied troops landed on June 6, 1944, D-Day.
Normandy (29)
a furnace for burning dead bodies.
crematorium (29)
Hitler and his followers had declared war against Jews and other groups, including Gypsies and Poles, because they viewed these groups as inferior since they and the rest of the Germans considered themselves this.
the "master race" (29)
the mass murder of European Jews and other victims by Adolf Hitler and his followers.
Holocaust (29)
May 1945, it was the name given to the day Germany gave the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers.
V-E Day (29)
a strategic island between Japan and Hawaii, a huge Japanese invasion fleet was headed for this island in May 1942 until the U.S. bombers attacked them.
Midway Island (29)
a tiny island that stood in the way of final Allied assault on Japan.
Okinawa (29)
"divine wind," they were Japanese pilots who flew planes filled with explosives into American warships to blow them up.
kamikaze (29)
this Vice President succeeded President Roosevelt on April 12, 1945 because he died from a stroke.
Harry S. Truman (29)
an island where American soldiers faced some of the fiercest opposition from the Japanese who believed in fighting to the death; as a result, almost 7,000 Americans died during the battle over this small island.
Iwo Jima (29)
the government project to develop the atomic bomb.
Manhattan Project (29)
an immensely powerful weapon whose violent energy comes from splitting the atom (the basic unit of matter).
atomic bomb (29)
the Japanese city where the first atomic bomb was dropped on August 6, 1945 killing 100,000 people, most in mere moments.
Hiroshima (29)
the Japanese city where the second atomic bomb exploded, killing an estimated 70,000 people.
Nagasaki (29)
the Japanese emperor during World War II.
Hirohito (29)
August 15, 1945, the day of Japan's unconditional surrender to the United States.
V-J Day (29)
"government issue" was stamped on government issued uniforms and supplies but soon the troops applied the term to themselves.
GI's (29)
the government agency that guided American factories to turn out an avalanche of weapons, thousands of tanks, aircrafts, and ships for World War II.
War Production Board (29)
military cargo vessels carrying supplies, food, and medicine were known by this name.
Liberty ships (29)
a government certificate that pays interest which was a way for the government to raise money temporarily for some public purpose.
bonds (29)
established by the government to boost morale, it provided upbeat stories and photographs to newspapers, magazines, and radio stations.
Office of War Information (29)
an increase in the amount of money in circulation compared to the goods available for purchase, it reduces the value of money and causes prices to rise.
inflation (29)
fearing inflation during the war, the government established this agency to control the prices of most goods and set up a rationing system.
OPA (29)
limiting the amount of scarce items that any one individual can buy.
rationing (29)
places where people are forcibly confined.
internment camps (29)
composed of Japanese American soldiers who fought in Europe, the group earned more medals than any other army brigade in U.S. history.
442nd Regiment (29)
one of the many battleships hit by Japanese bombs at Pearl Harbor where an African American kitchen worker named Dorie Miller grabbed an anti-aircraft machine gun and started to shoot.
the West Virginia (29)
an African American sailor who received the Navy Cross for heroism when he grabbed an anti-aircraft machine gun and shot down four Japanese planes at Pearl Harbor.
Dorie Miller (29)
a campaign that African Americans in the armed forces faced because they were fighting dictatorship overseas as well as discrimination at home.
"Double Victory" (29)
one of the many black units who distinguished themselves in combat, nicknamed "Buffalo" soldiers, they won more than 200 medals for courage under fire.
92nd Infantry Division (29)
the nickname for the men of the 92nd Infantry Division, they won more than 200 medals for courage under fire.
"Buffaloes" (29)
better known as the Tuskegee Flyers, they were decorated for their daring aerial combat against the German Air Force.
99th Pursuit Squadron (29)
the nickname for the men of the 99th Pursuit Squadron, they were decorated for their daring aerial combat against the German Air Force.
Tuskegee Flyers (29)
the nation's leading black labor leader, he called for a march on Washington D.C. to protest discrimination in the workplace in 1944.
A. Philip Randolph (29)
this "one-man-army" sergeant single-handedly held off dozens of attacking Germans so that his company could retreat to safety, earning him the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Jose Lopez (29)
the nation's highest military decoration.
Congressional Medal of Honor (29)
under this program, large numbers of Mexican farmworkers were brought into the United States to pick crops because they were cheap labor.
Bracero Program (29)
poor, mostly Mexican neighborhoods.
barrios (29)
a style of dress developed by young Mexican Americans in the barrios in the 1940s that featured a long jacket and baggy trousers.
"zoot suits" (29)
prejudice against Jews, it came from a word for ancient peoples of the Middle East, including the ancestors of modern Jews.
anti-Semitism (29)
the government agency created by President Roosevelt in 1944 to rescue 200,000 Jews from the Nazis.
War Refugee Board (29)
a brilliant nuclear physicist who urged President Roosevelt to begin the to-secret American atomic bomb project, he was one of the 100,000 Jewish refugees from Nazi persecution allowed to enter the United States.
Albert Einstein (29)