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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a period of great change during the 1920s when many Americans could afford to buy an automobile, many people were eager for a little fun, values were changing rapidly, and "modern women" stepped out of their traditional roles.
Roaring Twenties (28)
products intended for personal use by consumers such as cars, refrigerators, and vacuum cleaners.
consumer goods (28)
young women who cut their hair short, wore short, loose dresses, and enjoyed the excitement of the Roaring Twenties.
flappers (28)
in 1914, he introduced a moving assembly line into his car factories which drastically cut the time needed to assemble cars.
Henry Ford (28)
a system of building something using one component through a series of other components until the item is built.
assembly line (28)
an arrangement in which a seller trusts a buyer to repay part of an item's purchase price over time.
credit (28)
shares in the ownership of a company.
stock (28)
in three weeks in 1928, shares of Radio Corporation of America rose from $95 to $178.
RCA (28)
share of General Electric tripled in value in 18 months in 1928.
GE (28)
the Constitutional Amendment passed in 1919 prohibiting the making, selling, and transporting of alcoholic beverages.
18th Amendment (28)
the outlawing of the making, selling, and transporting of alcoholic beverages under the 18th Amendment which was repealed in 1933.
Prohibition (28)
the white robed secret group which reemerged after World War I and used both political power and mob violence to lash out against African Americans, immigrants, Catholics, Jews, and anyone else it regards as an enemy.
Ku Klux Klan (28)
on taking office in 1929, this U.S President proclaimed, "we in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land."
Herbert Hoover (28)
when stock prices began to tumble in September 29, 1929, some investors who had bought their stocks borrowed money called this term sold their shares to pay off losses resulting in prices dropping even further.
"on margin" (28)
when the New York Stock Exchange in New York City opened on this day, stockbrokers tried to sell tens of thousands of shares and no one was buying.
October 24, 1929 (28)
the name used to describe the stock market collapse in 1929, the New York Times reported that it was "the most disastrous day in the stock market history."
Black Tuesday (28)
when banks closed down without paying off debts.
bankrupt (28)
makeshift "towns" of shacks built by homeless people from tar paper, cardboard, and scrap material so named as a criticism to the President whom many blamed for the Depression.
"Hoovervilles" (28)
the name used to describe the long period of economic problems in the 1930s that plagued the United States.
"Great Depression" (28)
the governor of New York who was chosen by the Democratic Party to run against President Hoover in the 1932 presidential elections.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (28)
the set of programs adopted under the Roosevelt Administration to combat the Great Depression of the 1930s.
New Deal (28)
one of several new deal measures designed to help the 13 million unemployed Americans, this act of Congress gave money to states to help them provide food and assistance to the needy.
FERA (28)
one of many New Deal relief programs where young men of all backgrounds were paid to work on environmental improvement projects like replanting forests, draining swamps, and fighting fires.
CCC (28)
one of the bigger New Deal relief programs which created over 8 million jobs, built 120,000 public buildings, half a million miles of roads.
WPA (28)
passed by Congress in 1935, this act was one of the most lasting parts of the New Deal, providing small amount of money each month to elderly people who were extremely poor.
Social Security Act (28)
a sum of money paid to a retired person, usually on a monthly basis.
pension (28)
established by Congress early in the New Deal, this institution let competing companies work together to set prices, maximum working hours, and minimum wages, to spur increased production; it also guaranteed workers the right to join unions and to bargain for contracts.
NRA (28)
a major infrastructure project headed by the government, this ambitious program was created to supply electric power at reasonable rates by building dams and waterways along the Tennessee River.
TVA (28)
created by an act of Congress in 1933, this New Deal agency paid farmers to plant less land and raise fewer farm animals to help them out of debt.
AAA (28)
howling dust storms on the Great Plains when sand and dust covered everything and made breathing difficult.
"Black Blizzards" (28)
10 million acres in the Great Plains lost five or more inches of topsoil destroying fertile farms and dislocating 3.5 million people.
"Dust Bowl" (28)
to save the country's farms, this agency was created by President Roosevelt to plant belts of trees to break up the winds and hold down soil, and also taught farmers how to avoid erosion and keep soil in place.
SCS (28)
a period of low economic activity and high unemployment.
Depression (28)
to protect America from banking problems, Congress quickly passed President Roosevelt's plan to insure depositors' bank accounts, making bankers avoid investments that were too risky and subjecting banks to regular inspections.
FDIC (28)
passed by Congress in 1935, this act gave workers the right to join unions and to bargain with employers for improved wages and working conditions.
National Labor Relations Act (28)
passed by Congress in 1935, this agency was created to settle disputes between employers and workers.
NLRB (28)
another New Deal agency that helped improve life on the farm by making loans to help bring electricity to rural areas.
REA (28)