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79 Cards in this Set

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the United States President who was endorsed in 1896 by Theodore Roosevelt and because of his endorsement, this President appointed Roosevelt to be the Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
William McKinley (27)
Americans who favored extending the United States' power by taking control of new territories.
expansionists (27)
the Secretary of State who arranged for the United States to purchase Alaska from Russia in 1867.
William Seaward (27)
the area north of the United States purchased from Russia in 1867.
Alaska (27)
the country which owned Alaska before they sold it to the United States in 1867.
Russia (27)
the name of the real estate deal between the United States and Russia that sold Alaska in 1867 for two cents an acre.
"Seward's Folly" (27)
a former senator who objected to the growing expansionism of the United States by saying, "Our old democratic principle that governments derive their just powers from the consent of the people will have to go overboard."
Carl Schurz (27)
former presidential opponent of McKinley, he believed that the United States could be powerful without taking over other lands.
William Jennings Bryan (27)
machine guns.
Gatling Gun (27)
the policy of extending a nation's power by gaining political and economic control over other countries.
imperialism (27)
an American expansionist senator who declared, "Commerce follows the flag. . . . as one of the great nations of the world, the United States must not fall out of the line of march."
Henry Cabot Lodge (27)
located in the Pacific Ocean between the United States and Asia, these islands were occupied by the United States for fuel and food.
Midway Islands (27)
a larger and more fertile group of islands closer to California that Americans found more attractive to colonize.
Hawaii (27)
the Hawaiians agreed in 1887 to let the United States establish a naval base here on the island of Oahu.
Pearl Harbor (27)
the last reigning queen off Hawaii who took the throne in 1891, she insisted that native Hawaiians should control the islands.
Liliuokalani (27)
the call of Queen Liliuokalani to her people when she took the throne in 1891.
"Hawaii for Hawaiians" (27)
the U.S. President who refused to support the annexation of Hawaii and opposed imperialism.
Grover Cleveland (27)
the U.S. President who annexed Hawaii in 1898.
William McKinley (27)
the Caribbean island, 90 miles from Florida, American established huge plantations in this area which was still of a colony of Spain.
Cuba (27)
one of two nearby Caribbean islands, it was still a Spanish colony like Cuba.
Puerto Rico (27)
the inspiring Cuban leader who led a revolution for independence from Spain in 1895.
Jose Marti (27)
places where the Spaniards herded men, women, and children and were forced to live without beds, toilets, medical care, or much food.
"Reconcentration Camps" (27)
the practice of publishing sensational and often exaggerated news stories in order to attract readers.
yellow journalism (27)
the U.S. battleship which exploded and killed 260 American sailors on February 15, 1898.
the Maine (27)
acting for the U.S. Navy in 1976, he presented evidence that the explosion was probably caused by spontaneous combustion in one of the coal containers of the battleship Maine.
H. G. Rickover (27)
a regiment formed by Theodore Roosevelt made up of the powerful, wealthy, and seasoned ranch hands.
Rough Riders (27)
a major Cuban harbor city, Roosevelt and his Rough Riders tried to capture it by going up San Juan Hill.
Santiago (27)
the place from which the Spanish forces tried to defend the Cuban city of Santiago; Roosevelt together with his Rough Riders and African American troops charged up it.
San Juan Hill (27)
the war that lasted only four months, only 345 Americans died in combat and 5,500 died of disease, and Cuba gained its independence while Puerto Rico came under American rule.
Spanish-American War (27)
the Secretary of State during the Spanish-American War, he described it as "a splendid little war."
John Hay (27)
the head of America's Pacific fleet, he had orders from assistant Navy secretary Theodore Roosevelt that "in the event of declaration of war [against Spain], [begin] offensive operations in Philippine Islands."
George Dewey (27)
this island archipelago provided Spain's main base in the Pacific.
Philippines (27)
the people of the Philippines, they had tried many times to throw Spanish colonials and in 1898 they tried again.
Filipinos (27)
the leader of the Filipino revolutionaries against Spain,
Emilio Aguinaldo (27)
the capital of the Philippines, it was in its harbor where the first battle of the Spanish-American War was fought.
Manila (27)
this country was offered by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 $10 million for the land in their province of Panama, the narrowest part of Central America.
Colombia (27)
a province of Colombia which was the narrowest part of Central America.
Panama (27)
a ten-mile wide ditch that runs through the new country of Panama which broke off from Colombia through the help of the United States.
"Canal Zone" (27)
using military strength and power to intimidate opposing countries by the United States.
"gunboat diplomacy" (27)
President Theodore Roosevelt's personal motto.
"Speak softly and carry a big stick" (27)
one of the engineering miracles that allowed engineers to complete the Panama Canal in ten years, millions of pounds of dynamite blasted apart the mountain and the earth was then used to construct dams to form lakes.
Culebra Cut (27)
a deadly disease borne by mosquitoes which killed a lot of the workers digging the Panama Canal.
malaria (27)
devotion to a national or ethnic identity, including the desire for independence from rule by foreign countries.
nationalism (27)
the European kingdom which had built an empire by taking over smaller countries in the part of Eastern Europe known as the Balkans.
Austria-Hungary (27)
the collective name of smaller countries in Eastern Europe that was taken over by the Austro-Hungarian empire.
Balkans (27)
a policy of glorifying military power and military ideas and values.
militarism (27)
the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, he was visiting the city of Sarajevo in the province of Bosnia on June 28, 1914 when he was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist, triggering World War I.
Franz Ferdinand (27)
a city in the province of Bosnia where Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated.
Sarajevo (27)
the province where the city of Sarajevo is located.
Bosnia (27)
many of them who live in the province of Bosnia wanted to be a part of nearby Serbia.
Serbs (27)
they sided with the Serbians after Austria-Hungary accused Serbia of having a hand in the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and pressured Serbia to give up most of its independence.
Russia (27)
they came to the aid of Austria-Hungary by declaring war on Russia.
Germany (27)
Russia's ally, they sided with the Serbs and began to prepare for war.
France (27)
the original name given to World War I.
"Great War" (27)
the United States President during World War I, he wanted to stay out of the war, declaring that America would remain neutral.
Woodrow Wilson (27)
the area where German troops fought the Russians.
Eastern Front (27)
the area where German forces advanced quickly before bring stopped by French and British troops at the Marne River.
Western Front (27)
long, narrow ditches used to protect soldiers which became a new kind of warfare in World War I.
trenches (27)
an area of land between opposing trenches where attacking soldiers came under intense fire from the men in the trenches, as a result, thousands upon thousands of soldiers died trying to advance their line of trenches a few yards.
"no man's land" (27)
a new weapon in World War I capable of firing hundreds of bullets a minute and can mow the top of the trenches.
machine guns (27)
chemical weapon invented in World War I which emits a green cloud that could burn throats and noses potentially killing any soldier exposed to it.
poison gas (27)
a kind of strategy in World War I where hundreds of miles of trenches provided protection for infantrymen and allowed supplies and reinforcements to be safely delivered to the front.
trench warfare (27)
"underwater boats," these German submarines were used to blockade British ships.
U-boats (27)
a British luxury liner which a U-boat sank because the Germans suspected that it was carrying weapons to the Allies; 1,198 people were killed including 128 Americans.
Lusitania (27)
the name given to American troops who sailed overseas in World War I.
AEF (27)
the commander of the American Expeditionary Force, this general hated the terrible conditions soldiers experienced in the trenches and he also realized that trench warfare wasn't winning the war.
John J. Pershing (27)
the ruler or king of Russia, they revolted against him and the new government made peace with the Germans.
czar (27)
the German forces pushed quickly through this village in the rush to capture Paris before the Americans did.
Chateau-Thierry (27)
the German forces pushed quickly through this forest in the rush to capture Paris before the Americans did.
Belleau Wood (27)
President Woodrow Wilson's call for nations to join a general association of countries to protect each other's independence and strive to achieve a lasting peace.
League of Nations (27)
a proposal made by President Woodrow Wilson to Congress for a post-war agreement.
Fourteen Points (27)
a gorgeous French palace outside Paris where a peace treaty was signed on January 18, 1919.
Versailles (27)
the Prime Minister of France after World War I, he was one of four signatories for the Treaty of Versailles.
Georges Clemenceau (27)
the Prime Minister of England after World War I, he was one of four signatories for the Treaty of Versailles.
David Lloyd George (27)
the Prime Minister of Italy after World War I, he was one of four signatories for the Treaty of Versailles.
Vittorio Orlando (27)
debts imposed on a defeated nation to pay for the harm done during a war.
reparations (27)
the peace treaty that ended World War I.
Treaty of Versailles (27)
the headquarters of the League of Nations in which the U.S. started but did not participate in.
Geneva (27)
a former corporal in the German army in World War I, he had been temporarily blinded by poison gas.
Adolf Hitler (27)