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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an Irish immigrant who started an influential journal which exposed to Americans the truth about trusts, those giant business monopolies that worked to reduce competition.
Sam McClure (26)
a hard-hitting journal published by Sam McClure in the 1900s which exposed to the American public the dangers of giant business monopolies and trusts.
McClure's Magazine (26)
a reporter hired by Sam McClure tow rite a history of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil, one of the biggest trusts in the 1900s.
Ida Tarbell (26)
the owner of Standard Oil, he was the subject of McClure Magazine's expose of Standard Oil's unfair pricing.
John D. Rockefeller (26)
John D. Rockefeller's biggest trusts, McClure's Magazine reported on unfair pricing and manipulation to put its competitors out of business.
Standard Oil (26)
the name used to call journalists who spend much effort stirring up dirt and filth.
muckrakers (26)
a political reform effort of the early 1900s that focused on improving American life by fighting for such causes as equal rights, better working conditions, and protection of wilderness areas.
Progressive Movement (26)
one of the "captains of industry," he made a huge fortune in the steel industry butt when he retired, he began to give away most of his money to charity.
Andrew Carnegie (26)
people like Carnegie, Rockefeller, and Morgan who were leaders in their respective fields of business.
"captains of industry" (26)
the British naturalist who observed that, in nature, animals and plants compete for food and living space and those that are best adapted to their environments are the most likely to survive.
Charles Darwin (26)
the term used for the idea that those who are best adapted to their environments are the most likely to survive.
"survival of the fittest" (26)
the idea that people and societies compete for survival, with the fit becoming wealthy and successful while the weak struggle to survive.
Social Darwinism (26)
a corporation founded by John D. Rockefeller whose goal was to promote "the well-being of mankind throughout the world," it gives grants to fund universities, medical research, the arts, and education for all.
Rockefeller Foundation (26)
the act passed by Congress in 1890 outlawing any form of business monopoly; the law was so vague and big business so powerful that for years the law was not enforced.
Sherman Antitrust Act (26)
a railroad monopoly which controlled nearly every rail line between Chicago and the Pacific Northwest, it was the first to be sued by the Justice Department under President Theodore Roosevelt for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Northern Securities Company (26)
the enforcement of laws that control conduct or practices; government can control the way goods, food, and drugs are produced and sold to the public.
regulation (26)
"Battling Bob," he was defeated twice by Wisconsin's powerful Republican "machine," but finally won election as governor in 1900; in his administration, he pushed reforms that put the people in charge of politics by being the first state to have direct primary.
Robert LaFollette (26)
a powerful Wisconsin senator and Republican Party boss who offered LaFollette a bribe to "fix" a court case.
Philetus Sawyer (26)
the nickname people called Robert LaFollette because he never backed away from the strong party machinery.
"Battling Bob" (26)
an election system which allowed party members, not party bosses, to choose party candidates in a direct primary election.
"Wisconsin Idea" (26)
one of three reforms introduced by Oregon that put political power into the hands of the people by allowing citizens to enact laws by a popular vote.
initiative (26)
one of three reforms introduced by Oregon that put political power into the hands of the people by allowing voters to overturn an existing law.
referendum (26)
one of three reforms introduced by Oregon that put political power into the hands of the people by allowing voters to remove an elected official from office.
recall (26)
a labor leader who in 1903 went to Pennsylvania to support a strike by 75,000 textile workers, 10,000 of which were children; she later became a strong advocate of child labor.
Mother Jones (26)
to publicize the plight of child laborers, Mother Jones led a march from Pennsylvania all the way to Oyster Bay, New York to petition President Roosevelt to support child labor laws.
"March of the Mill Children (26)
time away from work.
leave (26)
a protector of the environment, this environmentalist founded the Sierra Club, an organization committed to the preservation of the environment.
John Muir (26)
a place of great natural beauty in California's Sierra Nevada mountains, it was here the environmentalist John Muir wrote about conserving it.
Yosemite Valley (26)
the first national park, created through an act of Congress in 1890, it was the land set aside as national forest.
Yosemite National Park (26)
an organization founded by John Muir committed to the preservation of the environment.
Sierra Club (26)
a black sociologist who studied the terrible effects of racism on African Americans who, with Booker T. Washington, founded the NAACP in 1909.
W.E.B. Du Bois (26)
the best-known black leader in the early 1900s, he was a former slave who had founded Tuskegee Institute, a vocational school for blacks; and who advised African Americans to make the best of segregation.
Booker T. Washington (26)
a vocational institute for blacks founded by Booker T. Washington.
Tuskegee Institute (26)
the place where W.E.B. Du Bois gathered influential African Americans in 1905 to push directly for voting rights and an end to discrimination.
Niagara Falls (26)
a group of influential African Americans
Niagara Movement (26)
the African American organization founded in 1909 whose aim was to work for equal rights and opportunities for all African Americans.
NAACP (26)
this American writer shocked readers with his description of conditions inside meatpacking plants in his bestselling novel The Jungle.
Upton Sinclair (26)
the process whereby whole cows and pigs are slaughtered and processed into meat products like hams and sausages.
meatpacking (26)
a novel written by Upton Sinclair, he described the horrors of the meatpacking plants in great detail.
The Jungle (26)
an act passed by Congress which set health standards for meatpacking and ordered federal inspection of meat.
Meat Inspection Act (26)
an act of Congress passed requiring manufacturers to use safe ingredients in their products and to advertise them truthfully.
Pure Food and Drug Act (26)
the right to vote.
suffrage (26)
a convention of women in 1848 which focused on the right off women to vote.
Seneca Falls (26)
formed what came to be known as the National Woman's Party in 1916, she was determined to win women's right to vote by a Constitutional amendment.
Alice Paul (26)
the women's organization formed in 1916 by a young reformer named Alice Paul determined to win the women's right to vote by a Constitutional amendment.
National Woman's Party (26)
activists who advocated the women's right to vote.
"Suffragettes" (26)
the first woman elected to Congress, she introduced the Constitutional amendment allowing women the right to vote.
Jeanette Rankin (26)