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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 risk factors of wound contamination
- Number of bacteria (10^5 - 10^6)
- Health of tissues
- Age of patient
- Metabolic state
4 local signs of wound infection
- Pain
- Swelling
- Heat
- Redness
3 clinical signs of wound infection
- Fever
- Depression
- Anorexia
Two lab values to test for wound infection
- WBC
- Fibrinogen
4 factors that contribute to wound dehiscence
- Infection
- Skin tension
- Trauma/ischemia
- Excessive activity
3 general surgeries that are at risk for hypovolemic shock/hemorrhage
- Respiratory
- Abdominal
- Reproductive
5 ways to ID a hypovolemic shock/hemorrhage
- HR
- MM/CRT
- Pulse
- Mentation
- Lactate
What should not be relied upon to diagnosie a hypovolemic shock/hemorrhage?
- PCV
- TP
What is the most reliable sign of hypovolemic shock in humans? (Horses too maybe?)
Mentation
3 treatments of hypovolemic shock/hemorrhage
- Fluids
- Blood transfusion
- Coagulation promotion
3 risk factors of enteritis
- Carrier of disease
- Stress
- Antimicrobials
3 ways to diagnose an enteritis
- Fever
- Inappetence
- Leucopenia
What's the most important diagnosis value in an enteritis?
Leukopenia
Two ways to test for salmonella
PCR
Culture
Two ways to test for Clostridium spp.
Toxic assay
Culture
3 treatments of enteritis
- Fluids
- GI support (biosponge)
- Antibiotics
Three risk factors of impaction
- Hospitalization
- Coastal hay
- NSAIDs
3 ways to diagnose impaction
- Decreased fecal production
- Anorexia
- Rectal palpation
3 treatments of impaction
- Fluid therapy
- Laxatives
- Surgery (if needed)
4 risk factors of laminitis in horses
- Endotoxemia
- Shock
- Unilateral weight bearing
- Body weight
3 ways to diagnose laminitis
- Increased digital pulses
- Lameness
- Radiograph
3 ways to treat laminitis
- Find underlying cause
- Analgesia (NSAIDs)
- Provide hoof support
4 risk factors of post-operative myopathy
- Systemic BP
- Weight of animal
- Duration of surgery
- Positioning of animal
4 general ways to ID post-operative myopathy
- Hard muscles on palpation
- Unable to stand
- Severe pain
- Sweating
3 laboratory values used to diagnose post-operative myopathy
- Increased CK
- Increased AST
- Myoglobinuria
3 ways to treat a post-operative myopathy
- Fluids
- Analgesia
- Patient support with a sling
5 differentials for a post-operative fever
- Wound infection
- Surgical site infection
- Respiratory infection
- Colitis
- Thrombophlebitis
Two respiratory complications possible in LA surgery
- Pleuropneumonia
- Pneumonia
What is a predisposing factor of respiratory complications in LA surgery?
Long transport followed by general anesthesia
3 signs of respiratory complications in LA surgery
- Fever
- Cough
- Anorexia
3 ways to diagnose respiratory complications in LA surgery
- Clinical signs
- Auscultation
- Ultrasound
3 ways to treat respiratory complications in LA surgery
- Systemic antimicrobials
- Local drainage
- Supportive care
5 ways to diagnose post-operative fever in LA surgery
- PE, auscultation
- Wound examination
- Leukopenia (impending colitis)
- Centesis of surgical site
- Examination of catheter and injection sites