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249 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
exculpate
to clear of blame or fault, vindicate
execrable
utterly detestable, abhorrent
exhilaration
state of being energetic or filled with happiness
exorbitant
extravagant, greater than reasonable, excessively costly
exponent
one who champions or advocates
expound
to elaborate; to expand or increase
expurgate
to censor, to examine and remove offensive material
extemporaneous
unrehearsed, on the spur of the moment
extenuate
to lessen the seriousness, strength, or effect of
extrinsic
not inherent or essential, coming from without
exuberant
lively, happy, and full of good spirits
exude
to give off, ooze
fervent
having intense feeling, enthusiastic; fervid
feign
to pretend; to make a false representation of something; to invent falsely; to give a false impression
flaccid
soft and limp
florid
very fancy, usu. refers to intangible objects, ie. florid speech
ford
the shallow part of a river; to cross a river at the shallow part
forensics
the art or study of argumentation and formal debate
fracas
a big fight
furrow
a narrow groove made in the fround; to make wrinkles in the face
facade
face, front; mask, superficial appearance
fallacious
wrong, unsound, illogical
fallow
uncultivated, unused
fanaticism
extreme devotion to a cause; excessive enthusiasm
fathom
to measure the depth of, gauge; to understand
fawn
to flatter excessively, seek the favor of
faze
to bother, upset, or disconcert
feckless
ineffective, careless; irresponsible
felicitous
suitable, appropriate; well-spoken
fell
to chop, cut down
fervid
passionate, intense, zealous
fetid
foul-smelling, putrid
fiasco
disaster, utter failure
finicky
fussy, difficult to please
flamboyant
flashy, garish; exciting, dazzling
fluctuate
to alternate, waver
foil
to defeat, frustrate
foreboding
dark sense of evil to come
forestall
to prevent, delay; anticipate
forethought
anticipation, foresight
forlorn
dreary, deserted; unhappy; hopeless, despairing
forswear
to repudiate, renounce, disclaim, reject
forte
strong point, something a person does well
foster
to nourish, cultivate, promote, to encourage
fractious
unruly, rebellious
fraudulent
deceitful, dishonest, unethical
fraught
full of, accompanied by
fulsome
sickenly excessive; repulsive, offensively flattering; insincere
funereal
mournful, appropriate to a funeral
gaffe
a social blunder, an embarrassing mistake, a faux pas
galvanize
to startle into sudden activity; to revitalize
gastronomy
the art of eating well
germane
relevant, applicant, pertinent
glower
to look or stare with sullen dislike or anger
goldbrick
to swindle, to sell something worthless as if it were valuable; a swindle
glut
surplus, overabundance
gargantuan
giant, tremendous
garner
to gather and store, to earn, to gather
gaunt
thin and bony
germinate
to begin to grow (as with a seed or idea)
gestation
growth process from conception to birth
gibe
to make heckling, taunting, or jeering remarks
girth
distance around something
glib
fluent in an insincere manner; offhand, casual
gluttony
eating and drinking to excess
goad
to prod or urge
gratis
free, costing nothing
grievous
causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing
grimace
facial expression showing pain or disgust
grovel
to humble oneself in a demeaning way
gullible
easily deceived
gustatory
relating to sense of taste
halcyon
peaceful, serene; carefree
hubris
excessive pride; arrogance
humanist
one who has great concern for human welfare, values, and dignity; a student of the classics
hybrid
formed, bred, or composed from different elements
hypodermic
beneath the skin
hardy
robust, vigorous; strong, energetic, and active in mind or body
haughty
arrogant and condescending
heinous
shocking, wicked, terrible
hemorrhage
heavy bleeding; to bleed heavily
heterogeneous
composed of unlike parts, different, diverse
hew
to cut with an ax
hoary
very old; whitish or gray from age
homage
public honor and respect
hone
to sharpen
hutch
pen or coop for animals; shack, shanty
hygienic
clean, sanitary
hypochondria
unfounded belief that one is often ill
hypocrite
person claiming beliefs or virtues he doesn't really possess
husband
to farm; manage carefully and thriftily
importune
to beg, urge, or insist persistently
incarnate
in the flesh
inchoate
incomplete; only partially formed
inoculate
to protect against disease
insouciant
nonchalant, lighthearted, carefree
idealism
pursuit of noble goals
illusory
unreal, deceptive
illustrious
famous, renowned
immaculate
spotless; free from error
immerse
to bathe, dip; to engross, preoccupy
immune
exempt; protected from harm or disease; unresponsive to
impair
to damage, injure
impasse
blocked path, dilemma with no solution
impassive
showing no emotion
impeach
to charge with misdeeds in public office; accuse
impecunious
poor, having no money
impediment
barrier, obstacle; speech disorder
impertinent
rude
impious
not devout in religion
implacable
inflexible, incapable of being pleased
implicate
to involve in a crime, incriminate
implicit
implied, not directly expressed
impoverish
to make poor or bankrupt
imprecation
curse
impregnable
totally safe from attack, able to resist defeat
impudent
arrogant, audacious
incarcerate
to put in jail; to confine
incendiary
combustible, flammable, burning easily; tending to arouse anger or passion
inception
beginning
incognito
in disguise, concealing one's identity
incontrovertible
unquestionable, beyond dispute
incredulous
skeptical, doubtful
inculcate
to teach, impress in the mind
indefatigable
never tired
indelible
permanent, not erasable
indomitable
fearless, unconquerable
indubitable
unquestionable
induce
to persuade; bring about, to influence, to cause
infamy
reputation for bad deeds
infirmity
disease, ailment
ingenious
original, clever, inventive
ingrate
ungrateful person
ingratiate
to bring oneself purposely into another's good graces, to work to make yourself liked
inhibit
to hold back, to prevent, restrain
inimical
hostile, unfriendly
iniquity
sin, evil act
innovate
to invent, modernize, revolutionize
innuendo
indirect and subtle criticism, insinuation
inscrutable
impossible to understand fully
insurrection
rebellion
integrity
decency, honesty; wholesome
intemperate
not moderate; excessive, especially in the use of alcoholic beverages
inter
to bury
interloper
trespasser; meddler in others' affairs
intermittent
starting and stopping
interrogate
to question formally
intimation
clue, suggestion
introvert
someone given to self-analysis
inure
to harder; accustom; become used to
invidious
envious; obnoxious; causing resentment or envy
invincible
invulnerable, unbeatable
iota
a very tiny amount
iridescent
showing many colors
itinerary
route of a traveler's journey
jaunt
a short pleasure trip
jejune
lacking maturity or significance; irrelevant
jettison
to throw or cast off
jingoist
an excessively vigilant patriot, a bellicose chauvinist, a warmongering nationalist
jurisprudence
the study of law
jaded
tired by excess or overuse; slightly cynical
jargon
nonsensical talk; specialized language
jocular
jovial, playful, humorous
juncture
point where two things are joined
karma
consequences of one's actions; fate; destiny
kernel
innermost, essential part; seed grain, often in a shell
knell
sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure
kudos
fame, glory, honor, acclaim, compliment
lambaste
to assault violently with words
lax
not strict; careless or negligent; lazy; irresponsible
lexicon
a glossary or dictionary
limpid
transparent; clear; lucid
liniment
a medicinal liquid or salve for rubbing on the skin
liquidate
to get rid of; to settle a debt
luminary
a person who has attained eminence in his field
lachrymose
tearful
lackadaisical
idle, lazy; apathetic, indifferent
laggard
dawdler, loafer, lazy person
larder
a place where food is stored
lassitude
lethargy, sluggishness, a state or feeling of weariness or diminished energy
laxity
carelessness
legerdemain
trickery
legible
readable
lenient
easygoing, permissive
liberal
tolerant, broad-minded; generous, lavish
libertine
one without moral restraint
licentious
inmoral; unrestrained by society, lacking moral restraint esp. sexual restraint
lionize
to treat as a celebrity
lissome
easily flexed, limber, agile
listless
lacking energy and enthusiasm
literate
able to read and write; well-read and educated
lithe
moving and bending with ease; graceful
livid
discolored from a bruise; reddened with anger
loiter
to stand around idly
ludicrous
laughable, ridiculous
lumber
to move around slowly and awkwardly
lurid
harshly shocking, sensational; glowing
luxuriance
elegance, lavishness
lyrical
suitable for poetry and song; expressing feeling
meritorious
deserving praise or reward
mirth
amusement or laughter
maelstrom
whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind
malady
illness
malapropism
humorous misuse of a word
malcontent
a discontented person, one who holds a grudge
malice
animosity, spite, hatred
mar
to damage, deface; spoil
mannered
artificial or stilted in character
maritime
relating to the sea or sailing
martinet
strict disciplinarian, one who rigidly follows rules
masochist
one who enjoys pain or humiliation
mawkish
sickeningly or disgustingly sentimental
medieval
relating to the Middle Ages (about a.d. 500-1500)
melancholy
sadness, depression
menagerie
various animals kept together for exhibition
meretricious
gaudy, falsely attractive
meticulous
extremely careful, fastidious, painstaking
mettle
courageousness; endurance
militate
to operate against, work against
misconstrue
to misinterpret
miserliness
extreme stinginess
misnomer
an incorrect name or designation
missive
a note or letter
mnemonic
relating to memory; designed to assist memory
molt
to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically
monastic
extremely plain or secluded, as in a monastery
montage
composite picture; a single pictorial composition made by juxtaposing or superimposing many pictures or designs
moot
debatable; purely academic, deprived of practical significance
morbid
gruesome; relating to disease; abnormally gloomy
morsel
a small bit of food
mote
small particle, speck
motley
many colored; composed of diverse parts
mottle
to mark with spots
mutability
changeability
neophyte
a novice or beginner
noisome
offensive or disgusting; stinking, noxious
numerology
the study of numbers for the purposes of predicting the future
nadir
lowest point
nascent
starting to develop, coming into existence
nettle
to irritate
niche
recess in a wall; best position for something
nocturnal
pertaining to night; active at night
novitiate
state or period of being a beginner or novice; the place where a novice lives
nullify
to make legally invalid; to counteract the effect of
nomadic
moving from place to place
obeisance
deep reverence; a bow or curtsy
odometer
instrument that measures how many miles one has traveled
olfactory
pertaining to the sense of smell
oligarchy
government by only a few people