Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the place President Abraham Lincoln attended in Washington DC where he was shot.
Ford's Theater (22)
an actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln believing that killing him would somehow save the Confederacy.
John Wilkes Booth (22)
President Abraham Lincoln's Vice President who continued the task of healing the nation's wounds after the Civil War and Lincoln's assassination.
Andrew Johnson (22)
the period after the Civil War when the federal government ruled the southern states in order to rebuild them and allow them back into the Union.
Reconstruction (22)
the Constitutional amendment abolishing slavery.
13th Amendment (22)
African Americans who had been set free from slavery.
freedmen (22)
established by Congress during the Reconstruction, it aimed to assist former slaves, provide food and medical care to both blacks and white in the South, and build schools for freedmen who were desperate to get an education.
Freedmen's Bureau (22)
a famous African American who learned to read and write from schools built by the Freedmen's Bureau.
Booker T. Washington (22)
the congressman who called on Congress during the Civil War to break up the South's large plantations and give every freed slaves land.
Thaddeus Stevens (22)
the phrase used by Congressman Thaddeus Stevens to break up the South's large plantations by giving every freed slave land.
"forty acres and a mule" (22)
a series of laws passed in Congress whose purpose was to control the slave population.
black codes (22)
the rights that the Constitution entitles all people to as citizens, especially equal treatment under the law.
civil rights (22)
the bill enacted by Congress in 1866 which struck at the black codes by declaring freedmen to be full citizens with the same rights as whites.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 (22)
the Constitutional amendment declaring that former slaves were to be citizens with full civil rights and that state governments could not treat some citizens as less equal than others.
14th Amendment (22)
the act passed by Congress in 1867 which divided the South into five military districts, each governed by a general who was backed by federal troops.
Military Reconstruction Act (22)
the way in which Congress implemented Reconstruction in the South which included nullifying state governments set up under President Johnson.
Congressional Reconstruction (22)
the act passed by Congress limiting the power of the president over the army, which was designed to reduce President Johnson's power to interfere with congressional reconstruction.
Command of the Army Act (22)
the act passed by Congress barring the president from firing certain federal officials without the Senate's consent, which was designed to reduce President Johnson's power to interfere with congressional reconstruction.
Tenure of Office Act (22)
a farming system where farmers rented their land from plantation owners in exchange for the share of one third to one half of their crops to the landowners.
sharecropping (22)
farmers who pay rent for the land they work.
tenant farmers (22)
the party of Lincoln and emancipation, most African Americans who made up the South's largest group of new voters joined this party.
Republican Party (22)
the party of wealthy Southern planters and secession.
Democratic Party (22)
white Southerners who supported the federal government after the Civil War.
scalawags (22)
Northerners who went to the South after the Civil War to gain money and political power.
carpet baggers (22)
the Democratic opponent of former Union general U.S. Grant in the 1868 election, he promised to end Reconstruction and return the South to its traditional leaders - white Democrats.
Horatio Seymour (22)
the Constitutional amendment passed in 1869 which states that a citizen's right to vote "shall not be denied . . . on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
15th Amendment (22)
the abolitionist group which declared the 15th amendment to be "the capstone and completion of our movement."
American Anti-Slavery Society (22)
the Pennsylvania congressman who observed that "the colored men who took their seats in both the Senate and House . . . were as a rule studious, earnest, ambitious men, whose public conduct . . . would be honorable to any race."
James G. Blaine (22)
dressed in long, hooded robes, and armed with guns and swords, this white-formed secret society was aimed at driving African Americans out of political life through intimidation.
Ku Klux Klan (22)
three laws passed by Congress in 1870 and 1871 aimed at combating terrorism against African Americans, these laws made it illegal to prevent another person from voting by bribery, force, or scare tactics.
Enforcement Acts (22)
the law passed which allowed most former Confederate soldiers the right to vote once again.
Amnesty Act of 1872 (22)
the Democratic presidential nominee in 1876, he was the governor of New York who won a majority of popular votes and 184 electoral votes.
Samuel J. Tilden (22)
the Republican nominee in the 1878 presidential elections against Samuel J. Tilden, he "won" by one electoral vote.
Rutherford B. Hayes (22)
the South Carolina senator remarked on the withdrawal of federal troops from the South on orders from President Hayes, "this is a white man's country, and white men must govern it."
Ben Tillman (22)
post-Reconstruction term for building mills, factories, and cities in the South.
"New South" (22)
post-Reconstruction term for most Southerners, black and white, remained trapped in poverty.
"Old South (22)
the clause in many Southern states that stipulated that the poll taxes and literacy tests did not apply to any man whose father or grandfather could vote on January 1, 1867.
"grandfather clause" (22)
the separation or segregation in public places between whites and blacks.
"color line" (22)
laws enforcing segregation of blacks and whites in the South after the Civil War; the term was taken from a black character from an entertainer's act in the mid-1800s.
Jim Crow Laws (22)
an African American who was arrested for refusing to obey a Jim Crow law, he took his protest all the way to the Supreme Court.
Homer Plessy (22)
the landmark Supreme Court case stating that segregation laws did not violate the 14th Amendment as long as the facilities were roughly equal.
Plessy v. Ferguson (22)
a Supreme Court justice and a former slaveholder who dissented on the Plessy v. Ferguson case saying, "our Constitution is color blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens."
John Marshall Harlan (22)
a nation founded by freed American slaves on the coast of West Africa where some 200 Southern blacks sailed to in 1878.
Liberia (22)
with Henry Adams, he organized the migration of thousands of black families to Kansas in the Exodus of 1879.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton (22)
with Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, he organized the migration of thousands of black families to Kansas in the Exodus of 1879.
Henry Adams (22)
the migration of thousands of black families to Kansas in 1879 organized by Benjamin "Pap" Singleton and Henry Adams.
"Exodus of 1879" (22)
the African American migrants who faced many hardships on their journey West.
"exodusters" (22)
an educational institution in Washington, DC that is devoted to educating African Americans.
Howard University (22)