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35 Cards in this Set

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A test that analyzes blood for oxygen, carbon dioxide and bicarbonate content in addition to blood pH. Used to test the effectiveness of ventilation
ABG (arterial blood gas)
A pathologic state characterized by an increase in the concentration of hydrogen ions in the arterial blood above the normal level. May be caused by an accumulation of carbon dioxide or acidic products of metabolism or by a decrease in the concentration of alkaline compounds
A state characterized by a decrease in the hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood below normal level. The condition may be caused by an increase in the concentration of alkaline compounds, or by decrease in the concentration of acidic compounds or carbon dioxide.
A disease process involving chronic inflammation of the airways, including chronic bronchitis (disease in the large airways) and emphysema (disease located in the smaller airways and alveolar regions). The obstruction is generally premanent and progressive over time.
Chronic obstruction pulmonary disease (COPD)
A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that decreases H+ ion secretion and increases HCO3 excretions by the kidneys, causing a diuretic effect.
acetazolamide (Diamox)
A state in which there is an increased amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli (increased alveolar ventilation), resulting in reduction of carbon dioxide tension and eventually leading to alkalosis.
A state in which there is a reduced amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.
Below-normal oxygen content in arterial blood due to deficient oxygenation of the blood.
Reduction of oxygen supply to tissue below physiological levels despite adequate perfusion of the tissue by blood.
Any condition induced in a patient by the effects of medical treatment.
Abnormal breathing pattern brought on by strenuous exercise or metabolic acidosis, and is characterized by an increased ventilatory rate, very large tidal volume, and no expiratory pause.
Kussmaul's respirations
A device used to deliver oxygen concentrations above ambient air to the lungs through the upper airway.
Oxygen deliver system
Hemoglobin in combination with oxygen.
The process of supplying, treating or mixing with oxygen.
An abnormal state characterized by the presence of gas (as air) in the pleural cavity.
The lodgment of a blood clot in the lumen of a pulmonary artery, causing a severe dysfunction in the respiratory function.
Pulmonary Embolism
Toxic condition due to hyperactivity of the thyroid gland. Symptoms include rapid heart rate, tremors, increased metabolic basal metabolism, nervous symptoms and loss of weight.
Any of a group of amines that have important physiological effects as neurotransmitters and hormones and include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine.
1. The absence of gas from all or a part of the lungs, due to failure of expansion or resorption of gas from the alveoli.
2. A congenital condition characterized by the incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth.
profuse perspiration artificially induced
An abnormal passage leading from an abscess or hollow organ to the body surface or from one hollow organ to another and permitting passage of fluids or secretions
Of or pertaining to a substance that is useful in the suppression of nausea or vomiting
A salt or ester of salicylic acid.

- chiefly used as remedy for rheumatic and gouty conditions
bag valve mask
A toxic condition resulting from excessive amounts of thyroid hormones in the body, as that occurring in hyperthyroidism.
Normal blood pH
7.35 - 7.45
Normal blood PaO2
80 - 100 mmHg
Normal blood SaO2
95% - 100%
Normal blood PaCO2
35 - 45 mmHg
Normal blood HCO3
22 - 28 mEq/L
base excess, amount of excess or insufficient level of HCO3 in system. -2 to +2 mEq/L
(10-3) of a gram equivalent of a chemical element, an ion, a radical or a compound
acid/base ratio w/ Resp. and Renal Buffer
1 pt. acid / 20 pts. base
An unusual awareness of heart beat, usually brought on by cardiac arrhythmias.
Cardiac palpitations
a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that decreases H+ ion secretion and increases HCO3 excretions by the kidneys, causing a diuretic effect.