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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Thyroid hormone:
iodide attached to tyrosine
Alterations in TBG:
alter total serum T4; no effect on FT4 and TSH
Mass at base of the tongue:
lingual thyroid
Branchial cleft cyst:
located in the anterolateral neck.
Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis:
most common cause of painful thyroid
Reidel's thyroiditis:
fibrous tissue replacement of gland and surrounding tissue
Subacute painless lymphocytic thyroiditis:
develops postpartum
Graves' disease:
anti-TSH receptor antibody, type II hypersensitivity
proptosis of eye; unique to Graves' disease
Atrial fibrillation:
always order a TSH test to rule out hyperthyroidism
Papillary carcinoma:
most common cancer; psammoma bodies
Follicular carcinoma:
hematogenous rather than lymphatic spread
Medullary carcinoma:
derives from C cells; calcitonin is tumer marker. calcitonin is converted into amyloid. congo red b/c amyloid in thyroid.
normal total serum calcium, decreased ionized calcium
most common pathologic cause of hypocalcemia in the hospital
Insulin therapy:
danger of developing hypophosphatemia
chart pg 508
chart pg 508
Abrupt withdrawal of corticosteroids:
most common cause of acute adrenocortical insufficiency
Miliary TB:
most common cause of Addison's disease in developing countries
abdominal mass + hypertension
Aldose reductase:
converts glucose to sorbitol; osmotic damage
synthesized from acetyl CoA derived from B-oxidation of fatty acids