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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is Japan's native religion?
Shinto - it means the way of the gods.
Throughout Japan there are shrines to various Kami - nature spirits - that this religion believes in.
Why is Japan called the land of the rising sun?
(1) It is Farthest East Asia
(2) The Emperor's Yamato clan claims to be descended from the Sun Goddess Ameratsu.
Location and Emperor
What large neighbor was the source of lots of early cultural borrowing in early Japanese history?
CHINA.
Got written language, beliefs, and government ideas from this neighbor.
What religion came from China through Korea and gradually mixed with Shinto?
Buddhism.
It was a blend of Daoism and Buddhism to form a unique Zen form.
What did Japanese diplomats bring back from T'ang dynasty China?
Written language, dress, food, rituals and beliefs.
cultural borrowings
In 604, Japanese Prince Shotoku Taishi created a central authority based on laws related to what to what Chinese ideas?
Confucian ideas of social order and government.
A Chinese style bureaucracy without the civil service exams based on merit. Obeying superiors. Filial piety.
What was the name of the Chinese style first capital of Japan?
Nara (710 CE).
Japan's first permanent capital.
What was the second capital in Japan founded in 794 and the name of a great period of Japanese cultural flourishing?
Heian (794 CE).
This period lessened Chinese contact but Japan began to develop its own culture.
Who were Japanese Heian figures Sei Shonagon and Murasaki Shikubu?
Sei Shonagon was a poet who wrote about court life in The Pillow Book. Murasaki Shikubu wrote the Tales of Genji (the world's first novel that told of life among court nobles).
Signs of Japan's developing writing.
During the Heian period, the emperor ruled the city, but who ruled in the countryside?
The great clans (uji).
People sharing a common ancestor.
What was the second capital in Japan founded in 794 and the name of a great period of Japanese cultural flourishing?
Heian (794 CE).
This period lessened Chinese contact but Japan began to develop its own culture.
What was the second capital in Japan founded in 794 and the name of a great period of Japanese cultural flourishing?
Heian (794 CE).
This period lessened Chinese contact but Japan began to develop its own culture.
By the 11th Century, the imperial (emperor's) court power crumbled and a miliary family rose to power. What was their name?
Fujiwara. This family controlled the country and ste up feudal estates.
This family married into the Emperor's family (daughters) to increase their legitimacy and power.
What is the name for the feudal lords of Japan in the 11th century?
Daimyos (DAI-MEE-yos)
What was the name for the vassal knights who served their feudal lords?
Samurai.
Means Those Who Serve.
What was the name of the chief military commander of all Japan?
Shogun.
This man held real power, not the emperor.
From top to bottom, what are the four social classes of feudal Japan?
Samurai, Peasants, Artisans, Merchants.
Think Luncheon Meat in a Can for a hint (SPAM)
Around 1000 CE, agricultural revolution caused population growth and Japanese began to live in what areas?
Urban or City areas.
The opposite of rural.
What is the name for the code of honor or chivalry that Japanese samurai lived and died by?
Bushido - the Way of the Warrior.
They would rather commit Seppuku than be dishonored. To them, honor was more important than living.
After a Civil War in Japan in the 12th century, who became Shogun and set up military alliances of daimyo?
MINAMOTO YORITOMO (119201199) became SHOGUN.
M. Y.
What did the Emperor's position become?
A symbolic leader - a figurehead with no real power.
This has been true for much, but not all, of modern Japan's history.
What blends into the Honor Code of Bushido?
Chivalry, Confucian military discipline, and Zen Buddhist concentration.
What happened when the Yuan (Mongol) Emperor of China, Kublai Khan, tried to invade Japan with his ships?
Twice his fleets were sunk by violent taifuns that legend calls kamikaze (divine winds).
This is why Japanese believed that their land is blessed and protected by the gods (kami).
In 1603, a new family rose to power out of one feudal clan or family. Who were they?
The Tokugawa Shogunate.
Tokugawa Ieyasu seized power over all the Japan's islands.
Where did the Tokugawa Shogun move the capital in Japan?
Edo (TOKYO)
It is today's capital.
How did the Tokugawa Shogun keep order and peace in his society?
(1) Centralized feudalism
(2) Hostage system - all daimyos had to keep their families in the shogun's castle, and they themselves lived there much of the time.
It was a forcible peace.
In 1639, the Tokugawa Shoguns made clear that they would no longer tolerate Christianity and foreign influences . . . what laws did they pass?
The Tokugawan Seclusion Acts. These laws outlawed Christianity, ordered Japanese living abroad never to return, and foreigners to leave Japan.
These acts cut off Japan from the West and outside world for over 200 years.
What was the only port that still allowed foreigners to come and trade, although closely guarded?
Nagasaki.
This is a major city on the southernmost major island of Kyushu.
How did society change under the Tokugawa Isolation Period?
Japanese society became static and social classes became hereditary.
rigid social groups
Although trade outside of Japan was forbidden, how did the economy change?
(1) trade within Japan grew and flourished. (2) urbanization continued. (3) merchants, though the bottom class, grew rich providing goods for the daimyo.
Urban change similar to the Commercial Revolution of Western Europe in the late Middle Ages.
Name two theater forms that developed in Tokugawa Japan.
NOH Theater (Zen Buddhist themes, masks, pantomime)
KABUKI Theater (comedy, drama, music)
What poetry form developed in Tokugawa Japan?
Haiku.
5-7-5
What happened to Japan during the Tokugawa Shogun period (compared to Western Europe and USA - the West)?
It fell behind and became old fashioned. The Samurai weren't needed as warriors and became administrators and philosophers.
I