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40 Cards in this Set

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Linearization
setting a device so that it gives a linear dot output from 0-100%
calaberation
setting a device to its best output state.
can you name 3 imaging materials besides film?
thermal films/plates, inket film, ablation film/plates
Color Seperations
1) Gray balance
The measures of cyan, magenta, and yellow required to create a gray scale without producing a dominant hue.
2) Color correction
Adjusting images to optimize values for highlight and shadow neutral tones, skin tones, and sharpness used to compensate for impurities in the printing ink and color separation
3) Tone compression
The reduction in density that occurs naturally in the printed reproduction of an original. It is possible to compensate for tone compression to improve the quality of the reproduction.
4) Image enhancement
(refers to Resolution) the un-sharp masking tool- makes images sharper…looks at changing density and makes it a harder edge than what was originally there.
Standard Color Angles
C=15
M=75
Y=0
K=45
Why do we use different angles on screen printed projects?
to avoid moire
State the difference between gray balance and gray component replacement.
gray balance is the removal of equal amounts of C M Y areas of a four-color halftone and replacements of these color with a higher proportion of black. This produces a clearer, less muddy effect.
Gray component replacement is when we replace the graying component with BLACK(so you dont go brown)
Practicum
a college course often in specialized field of study that is designed to give students supervise practical application of a previously studied theory.
points
measurement system used for type size(height)
picas
measurement system from left to right (line length) the length of things
agate
measurement system used to interline spacing (frequently used in the advertising industry)
Kerning
changing space between letter unequally.
tracking
changing the space between letters equally
Typeface family
a grouping consisting of all the variations of one style of type.
typeface Series
the range of sizes of each typeface in a family.
typefaces/typestyles
distinctive designs of visual symbols used to compose a printed page
font
a specific size and style of type within a type family. (where 99.9% of prepress problems occur)
Postscript
a page description language developed by adobe systems to describe a image for printing it handles both text and graphics
open type
is a scalable format for computer fonts initially developed by Microsoft, later joined by Adobe Systems.
true type
an outline that draws to the screen and to the printer
screen font
The letter forms used when the type is displayed on a computer screen. They are often made of bitmaps even though when the final output goes to a printer, outline fonts are used.
outline font
A typeface that has characters that are defined by an outline of the edges rather than a solid character.
PDF
Portable Document Format(adobe)
Glyph
fancy word for a shape. It is a component that makes up an outline font.
how does new font technology help globalization?
because font technology is constantly changing and improving, nations must communicate these patterns to eachother therefore extending the relationship between nations.
PDL
Page Description Language which tells the printer how to draw an image.
creating font outlines
converting fonts to outlines is how you can deal with problem fonts. Can also fill and color the outline font in unusual ways.
Loose
proof for halftone or color separations that is not assembled with other elements from a page as compared to a composite proof. also called first proof, random proof, scatter proof, and show color proof.
FPO
For Placement Only: doesnt judge color.
Blueline/keyline
proof produced from image set film.
Contract
a proof provided by the printer on which the client signs off, saying its OK to go ahead with printing
Soft proofing
a proof that is seen on a monitor instead of generating a hard copy proof on paper
process control
the process of planning and regulating with the objective of performing the process in an effective and efficient way. it is important because income is based on how many jobs one can produce within one hour requiring extensive job planning.
CTP
Computer To Plate
without the use of film
DI
Digital Imaging
what is a 16X16 grid in image setting halftones?
conventional halftone dots are imaged in the image setter in a pattern called a 16X16 or tile.
What is a good use of Stochastic screened halftones?
stochastic screening is a half toning method that creates the illusion of tones by varying the number of micro sized dots in a small area.
(FM-no moire-provide greater detail to irregular shapes)
Can you define what a PDL is?
Page Description Language-is software that resides within a printer and defines how elements such as text and graphics apperance on the printed page.
CSR
Customer Service Represenative
What are electronic file submission specifications? Identify at least 3 things a printer might specify of a client?
pictures,fonts,size of final product