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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hypothalamus
regulates the internal environment through the autonomic system
pituitary gland
endocrine gland that lies just inferior to the hypothalamus; consists of the anterior and the posterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
portion of the pituitary gland that stores and secretes oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone which are produced by the hypothalamus
oxytocin
causes uterine contraction during childbirth and milk letdown when a baby is nursing
anterior pituitary
portion of the pituitary gland that is controlled by the hypothalamus and produces six types of hormones, some of which control other endocrine glands
pituitary dwarfism
too little GH during childhood; perfect proportions but small structure
acromegaly
GH overproduced in the adult; hands, feet, nose, and chin become overly large
Posterior pituitary secretes what hormones?
Oxytocin and Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Anterior Pituitary secrete which hormones?
1. thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
2. adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
3. gonadotropic hormones (FSH and LH)
melanoctye-stimulating hromones (MSH)
causes skin color changes in fish; very low in humans
Growth Hormone (GH)
promotes skeletal and muscular growth