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77 Cards in this Set

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Agustin I of Mexico (Iturbide)
1783-1824; Mexican army general who ended Mexican War of Independence; designer of first Mexican flag
Salavador Allende
1908-1973; first democratically elected Marxist president of a Latin American country (Chile).
Inca Manco
(1516-1544) one of Incas of Vilcabamba, gathered army of 200,000 Inca warriors to march on Cuzco in 1536
Montezuma I
(c. 1398- 1469) fifth Aztec emperor; consolidated and expanded empire to make Tenochtitlan dominant third of Aztec Triple Alliance
Napoleon Bonaparte
(1769-1821) Emperor of France 1804-1815; known for Napoleonic Wars which sought to conquer much of Europe; defeated by British at Battle of Waterloo
Octavio Paz
(1914-1998) Mexican poet, writer, and diplomat awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1990
Eva Peron
(1919-1952) second wife of Juan Peron; first lady of Argentina who supported women's sufferage, labor rights, and working class citizens
Gen. Auguato Pinochet
(1915-2006) led coup d'etat that overthrew Allende's elected socialist government in 1973; in 2004, charged with more than 300 criminal chrages including tax evasion, human rights violations, and embezzlement for crimes committed durning his reign
Plinio Salgado
(1895-1975) Brazilian journalist, writer, politician, and theologian who founded Brazilian Intergralist Action Party inspired by Italian Fascist movement
Jose Vasconcelos
(1882-1959) Mexican writer, politician, and philospher who had influenced development of modern Mexico; father of indigenismo philosophy
Jose Joaquim da Silva Xavier
The leader of the independence movement in Brazil, ____, was nicknamed Tiradentes - tooth-puller.
Michelle Bachelet
1951-present; socialist Presient of Chile 2006-2010
Jorge Borges
1899-1986; Argentine writer and poet that paved the way for Spanish American novelists
Fidel Castro
1926- present; former Prime Minister of Cuba; primary leader of Cuban Revolution who changed Cuba into a socialist republic
Christopher Columbus
1451-1506; Italian explorer, navigator who led the way for Eupropean colonization of the New World
Ruben Dario
1867-1916; Nicaraguanwriter and poet known for beginning Spanish-American movement of modernismo
Ferdinand V of Aragon
152-1516; King of Aragon 1479-1516 as Ferdinand II, was force behind Spanish Inquisition; King of Castile 1474-1514 as Ferdinand V; sponsor of Columbus's voyage to Americas
Carlos Fuentes
1928- present; most widely known Mexican writer in Spanish-speaking world, many works translated to English and other languages
General Pablo Gonzalez Garza
(1879-1950) Mexican general during Mexican revolution; organized assassination of Zapata
Adolofo de la Huerta
(1850-1916) 38th interim President of Mexico
Nestor Kirchner
(1950-2010) President of Argentina 2003-2007
Jose Marti
Cuban poet,journalist, professor, and revolutionary philosopher referred to as "Apostle of Cuban Independence"; key person in Cuban War for Independence
Montezuma II
(1466-1520) ninth ruler of Tenochtitlan; killed during early stages of Spanish conquest of Mexico when Cortes fought to escape from Tenochtitlan
Pablo Neruda
(1904-1973) pen name of Chilean politician and poet Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto; 1971 Nobel Prize winner in Literature
Emperor Pedro I of Brazil
(1798-1834) founder and first ruler of Empire of Brazil
Gen. Juan Domingo Peron
(1895-1974) Argentine politician and military officer elected 3 times as President; governent known for widespread social investments-hospitals, schools, eliminating poverty, ect.; political movement known as peronismo, now the Justicialist Party
Francisco Pizarro
(1471 or 1476-1541) Spanish conquistador, conquered Incan Empire; founded Lima
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
(1794-1876) Mexican general, political leader, and president who fought against independence from Spain, then fought for it; President of Mexico over 22-year period
Francisco 'Pancho' Villa
leading Mexican Revolutionary general who commanded Division of the North; seized lands and robbed trains for distribution to the poor
Lucas Alaman
Mexican historian, scientist, and writer; co-founder of the Mexican Conservative Party
Jacabo Arbenz
former president and Defense Minister of Guatemala ousted in CIA led coup
Fulgencio Batista
leader of Cuba 1933-1944 and 1952-1959; overthrown by Cuban Revolution; US supported
Alejo Carpientier
Cuban musicologist and novelist who influenced Latin American literature
Emperor Charles V
ruler of Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and Spanish Emperor from 1516-1556
Julio Cortazar
Argentine writer known for founding Latin American Literary Boom
Porfirio Diaz
(1830-1915) President of Mexico from 1876-1911; referred to as a dictator; fell from power during Mexican Revolution
Ferdinand VII of Spain
(1784-1833) King of Spain two times; dispute over throne with Napoleon in 1808; was supported by people of Spain
Alberto Fujimori
(1938- ) President of Peru 1990-2000; convicted of murder, kidnapping, and bodily harm for role in 1900s Grupo Colina death squad
Joao Goulart
(1919-1976) President of Brazil 1961-1964; last left-wing president; overthrown by coup
Isabella of Castile
(1451-1504) Queen of Castile, married Ferdinand II of Aragon, helped unify Spain
Batrolome de Las Casas
(1484-1566) Spanish 16th century historian and Domonican Friar; first Bishop of Chiapas and "Protector of the Indians;" wrote accounts of mistreatment of indiginous peoples by colonizers
Mariano Moreno
(1778-1811) Argentine politician, attorney, journalist who had major role in Primera Junta, first national government began after May Revolution
Alvaro Obregon
(1880-1928) President of Mexico 1920-1924; first stable administration after Mexican Revolution
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
(1825-1891) second and last ruler of Empire of Brazil, 1831-1889 (58 years)
Phillip II, King of Spain
(1527-1598) King of Spain, aka Phillip the Prudent who ruled one of world's largest empires
Juan Manuel Rosas
(1793-1877) dictator of Argentine Confederation 1829-1852
Mario Vargas Llosa
(1936- ) Peruvian-Spanish writer, journalist, politician and winner of Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010; large international following
Hipolito Yrigoyen
(1852-1933) two-time President of Argentina; known as "father the poor" for progressive social reforms; responsible for universal male sufferage in Argentina in 1912
Arturo Alessandri
(1868-1950) political dignitary who served two terms as President of Chile
Miguel Asturias
(1899-1974) Guatemalan peot, diplomat, novelist, Nobel Peace Prize winner who established Latin American contribution to world literature
Simon Bolivar
(1783-1830) military and political leader from Venezula who played an important role in Latin America independence struggle from Spain; regarded in Hispanic America as liberator, hero, and visionary
Venustiano Carranza
(1859-1920) leader of the Mexican Revolution; President of Mexico 1914-1920; current constitution drafted durning his administration
Hugo Chavez
(1954- ) current President of Venezula since 1999; administration focused on making socialist reforms under project known as Bolivarian Revolution
Hernan Cortes
(1485-1547) Spanish conquistador who led conquest of Mexico under King of Castile
Gen. Eurico Dutra
(1883-1974) President of Brazil 1946-1951
Eduardo Frei
(1911-1982) President of Chile 1964-1970; administration supported public housing, education, reforestation, and nationalized copper mines
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
(1927- ) Columbian writer, novelist, screenwriter known as Gabo; known for novels One Hundred Years of Solitute and Love in the Time of Choler; style called magical realism; winner of Nobel Prize for Literature, 1982
Ernesto (Che) Guevara
(1928-1967) Argentine author, Marxist revolutionary, guerrilla eader, physician, intellectual, military theorist; major player in Cuban Revolution; wrote best-selling memoir on South American motorcycle journey; executed in Bolivia after being captured by CIA-backed forces
Benito Juarez
(1806-1872) Five-time President of Mexico; first full-blooded indigenous national to serve as president; restored republic, resisted French occupation, and modernized the country
(1750-1816) Venezuelan revolutionary known as "El Precursor;" pre-Bolivar idealist for independence
Francisco de Miranda
(1853-1895) Cuban poet, journalist, professor and revolutionary philosopher referred to as "apostle of Cuban Independence;" key person in Cuban War of Independence
Jose Marti
(1952- ) President of Columbia 2002-2010
Alvaro Uribe
and government official who (1948- ) was president of Mexico from 1988 to 1994, PRI party
Carlos Salinas de Gortari
President of Chile. He was the first president of Chile after democracy was restored in 1990 (after Pinochet)
Patricio Aylwin
Spanish Bishop, chaplain for Isabella I, counselor to the Catholic Monarchs, supervise Board of Trade, Leading member of the Council of the Indies, sponsored Magellan's voyage
Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca
Portuguese mariner
Discovered Brazil 1500
Pedro Cabral
leader of Haitian rebellion
controlled Hispaniola in 1801
1802 defeated by Napoleonic forces
Toussaint Louverture
Spanish conquistador Companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro
Participated in the Spanish conquest of Peru
Credited as the first European discoverer of Chile.
Diego de Almagro
Spanish colonial administrator
led 1st great Spanish expedition in to New World
Pedro Arias Davila (Pedrarias)
Spanish conquistador
part of the issue of Thirteen of Fame
spotted Ecuador
Bartolome Ruiz
Leader in Argentinian War for Independence
Created Argentinian flag
Manuel Belgrano
Commander of the Chilean navy in the War of Independence (1818-1822)
Commander of Brazilian navy (1823-1825)
Thomas Cochrane
Venezuelan independence leader
one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends
"Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"
Antonio Jose de Sucre
Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader
Led the Mexican War of Independence movement
assumed leadership after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla executed
Jose Maria Morelos
President of Nicaragua 1937-1947 and 1950-1956
in reality dictator 1936 til death
Anastasio Somomza Garcia
President of Haiti 1957-1971(died)
Francois Ducalier
politician and soldier
military governor of Panama 1983-1989
Manuel Noriega