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89 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Compound Melanocytic Nevus
Infantile Hemangioma
Interdermal Melanocytic Nevus
Junctional Melanocytic Nevus
Seborrheic Keratosis
Skin Tag
Solar Lentigo
4 layers of Epidermis from in to out ?
1) Basal layer 2)Stratum spinosum 3)Granular layer 4) Stratum Corneum
What are the two tineas that can't be treated topically?
1) Capitis 2) Onychomycosis (Unguium)
What are the cellular components in Epidermis(3) ?
1) Keratinocytes 2)Melanocytes 3)Langerhan cells
What are the three genera of fungal infections?
1) Microsporum 2) Trichophyton 3) Epidermophyton
What are 2 layers of dermis in to out?
1) Reticular 2)Papillary
What are 3 adnexal structures of skin ?
1) Sweat glands 2)Hair 3)Nails
What are the 4 compoments released during early phase of hypersensitivity reaction?
1) Vasoactive amines 2)Proteases 3)Prostaglandins 4)Leukotriens (LTB4)
What are the cellular components in Dermis (3) ?
1)Fibroblasts 2)Macrophage 3)Dermal dendritic cells
Systematic treatment for Psoriasis?
Acitretin (oral)
Mostly in teens, mass of all types of acne, usually treated with roids
Acne conglobata
Most severe acne, explosive onset, with systemic symptoms - fever etc..., usually more neck
Acne fulminans
Acne from repetitive physical trauma
Acne mechanica
What type of herpies has short growth cycle, cytolytic, infect neurons?
What is growing phase of hair called?
Painful, shallow ulcers, trauma may precipitate, no fever, nodes not enlarged
Aphthous Stomatitis
What is a blood infection?
Carcinoma that is pearly papule, has telangiectasia
Basal Cell Carcinoma
What type of herpies has long growth cycle, cytomegalic, infect glands and lymph?
Fluid filled, >1 cm dia.
Yeast infection caused by oportunistic flora, usually in mouth, milkly lesions/discharge
Anaerobic spore forming bacilli ?
Red papule, enlarging lesion, multply in macrophages
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
What is released during late phase of hypersensitivity reaction?
Why are anaerobes sensitive to oxygen?
Due to lack of SOD (superoxide dismutase)
What kind of streptococci is: PYR positive, varied hemolysis, Esculin hydrolyzation, Bile tolerant
E. faecalis
Fever, joint pain, raised plaque like rash with dusky centers, erythematous (target lesion), by nonspecific viral infection
Erythema Multiforme
hard, dark, plaque covering ulcer, tissue necrosis
truma related to scratching or rubbing
"Slap" red cheeks, lace like rash, supresses RBC production, profound anemia in fetus causes highoutput heart failure, Usually in spring time
Fifth Disease (Exanthem Infectiosum)
What type of herpies has variable growth cycle, infects lymphoid?
Flu like symptoms, rash evolves to pruritic, confluent 2mm papules,
Gloves and Sock syndrome
Dark urine, bright red sputum, Complement/Fc receptor mediated inflammation, noncollagenous protein in kidney targeted, type II
Goodpasture's syndrome
More common in summer, Vesciles on hands and feet, red spot rash, painful ulcers in oral cavity
Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome (Usually Coxsackie virus A16)
Fever, Oral ulcers, painful adenopathy,
HSV 1 (herpes simplex gingivostomatitis)
Golden crusts, caused by staph.,
What is last resort drug for acne and side effect?
Isotertinoin, Teratogenic
high fever >5 days, oral mucosal changes, cervical node (1) enlargement, swollen extremities, rash that starts to peel around nails, conjunctival injection, main concern aneurysms
Kawasaki Disease
Change in color of skin, flat, not palpable
Characterized by: Cough, coryza, conjuctivities, Koplik spots, fever for 3-5 days
Measles (Rubeola)
Tiny purple spot (petechiae) (don't blanch with pressure), fever, normal WBC, hypotension, DIC
Meningococcemia (Neisseria meningitidis)
Usually raised, FIRM lesion, <1cm
Superficial, palpable, raised lesion, distinct boarders, >1cm
What are the strains of lice called?
Pediculosis / Pthirus
Which type of lice effect eyebrows?
Pediculosis pubis
What fungus looks like spaghetti and meatballs in micropscopy?
Pityriasis versicolor (P Versicolor)
Solid, raised, flat topped lesion, >1cm, plateau like
106F fever, child looks good, suboccipital lymph enlargement, Febrile seizure, salmon rash
Roseola Infantum (Exanthem Subitum), HHV 6
Blueberry muffins, Deafness, VSD, cataracts, Cognitive delay, Posterior auricular adenopathy
What kind of streptococci is: B-hemolytic, Bacitracin sensitive, Hippurate hydrolyzation, Hippurate hydrolyzation, CAMP test positive
S. agalactiae
What is most important staphylococci?
S. aureous
What kind of streptococci is: a-hemolytic, Optochin resistant, Lysed by bile
S. pneuomoniae
What kind of streptococci is: B-hemolytic, Bacitracin sensitive, Pyrrolidonyl arylamidase positive (PYR)
S. pyogenes (GAS)
If see burrows and itching in skin what does it point to?
Skin lesion that is "stuck-on" and "greasy", darker, common and hereditary
Seborrheic Keratosis
What is a systemic infection?
Trans by skin trauma or inhalation, frequent in garders, chronic cutaneous infections
Carcinoma with scaling plaque
Squamous cell carcinoma
Skin painful to touch, signs of peeling, sunburn like
Staphylococal scalded skin syndrome
Bunch of grapes, Gram +, able to grow in high salt, on skin and mucous membranes
Acne: Lesions are all at same stage of development, mainly on trunk and shoulders
Steroid acne
Lack of rhinorrhea, Lack of conjunctivitis, lack of cough, Painful nodes, strawberry tongue, halitosis
Streptococcal (Scarlet Fever)
Grows in chains, Catalase NEGATIVE, Gram +,
What is the most common cause of Tinea in adults, except capitis?
T Rubrum (Tricophyton Rubrum), Capitis = T. Tonsurans
permanently dilatated superficial blood vessels
What type of reaction is urticaria?
Type 1
What type of reaction is fixed drug eruption?
Type 2
What type of reaction is Morbilliform?
Type 4
What type of reaction is Erythema multiforme?
Type 4
Rash spreads rapidly over trunck, Vesicles, drying lesion, pruritic rash, >500 lesions
Varicella (Chicken pox)
Fluid filled, <1 cm dia.
What kind of streptococci is: a-hemolytic, Optochin resistant, NOT lysed in bile
Viridans S.
Hyperpigmented skin, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia
Visceral Leishmania
Upper dermis adema, hive
How does one diagnose Tineas and Pityriasis versicolor ?
With Potassium Hydroxide (KOH)
What does KOH show for Candidiasis ?
Yeast and Pseudohyphae
Type 2, antibody autoimmune that stimulates TSH receptor without hormone,
Graves disease
Type 2, antibody autoimmune that inhibits receptor without hormone,
Myaethenia Gravis