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70 Cards in this Set

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Define Goals?
- are the desired outcomes
Define Strategies?
- are the plans set in place to achieve the goals
Define Tactics?
- are the specific objectives that must be achieved to accomplish a strategy. Unlike strategies tactics are measurable
Define Tasks?
- are the specific activities that must be performed in order to meet an objective
What are the 5 ICS general functions?
1. Incident Commander - manages overall incident
2. Operations Section - carry out tactical operations
3. Planning Section - gather info that assists the IC in maintaining an up to date Incident Action Plan and plans for future operational periods
4. Logistics Section - ensure adequate personnel and equipment are available to support operations
5. Finance Section - document and track financial needs
Do all incidents require an IC and Operations units?
Yes
What is the Lloyd Layman's Size-up Process? (5)
1. Gather the facts - IC gathers indo on what is known about the situation eg. type of building construction, fire protection systems, water supply etc.
2. Understand the Probabilities - facts are known, but probabilities must be estimated, anticipates
3. Gain Situational Awareness - IC assesses whether the current resources will be sufficient to handle the incidentand requests additional resources as required
4. Make a Decision - based on facts and est. the IC identifies appropriate strategic goals and the tactics required to mitigate the incident
5. Formulate a Plan - IC develops a plan for mitigating the incident
What does "WALLACE WAS HOT" stand for?
Water
Apparatus
Life
Location and Extent
Area
Construction
Exposures
Weather
Auxiliary
Special Hazards
Height
Occupancy
Time
List the 5 types of Construction.
Type 1: Fire Restistive (high rise)- structural members are non-combustible and have a specified fire restistance
Type 2: Non-Combustible (Steel truss)- structural members are non-combustible and may be protected, but requirments of fire restistance are limited or nonexistent.
Type 3.Ordinary (Masonary walls)- Exterior walls are normally non-combustible. Internal structural members and assemblies are contsructed of strictly combustible material, or a mixture of combustible and non-combustible material.
Type 4.Heavy Timber (Old big beams)- Exterior walls are normally non-combustible and internal structural members are composed of heavy wooden timbers.
Type 5. Wood Frame (houses)- The majority of structural components are constructed of combustible material. Limited fire resistence can be specified for larger structures.
What are the 3 Incident Priorities?
Life Safety
Incident Stabilization
Property Conservation
How are the four sides of the scene designated?
Started with the address side then going clockwise use full word.
Alpha
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
When should a safety team be established early in the incident?
Whenever high-risk teams have been deployed, such as those used for fire attack.
What are the 4 principles of Command?
1.Unity of Command - each person answers to 1 supervisor
2. Chain of Command - flow of orders and info. orders move down from the IC and info. is relayed up.
3. Span of Control - division of labour, breaking incident down into smaller tasks,between 3 and 7, 5 being optimal
4.Delegation - impossible to maintain span of control without it
Effective incident management consists of what 3 things?
Think - identify the problems your up against.
Plan - bases on a risk/benefit analysis determine the strategic goals. Weigh impact of the situation against Life Safety, Incident Stabilization, and Property Conservation
Act - Identify the tactical considerations and deploy teams.
When placed in what fire situations should we be cautious?
- above the fire floors/roof
- where fire can move behind you
- when involved with opposing fire streams
- under involved roof structures
- below grade fire
What is the objective of staging?
- to provide a standard system of initial placement for responding apparatus, personnel, and equipment prior to assignment at tactical incidents
What does effective use of staging do?
- prevents excessive congestion
- allows command time to evaluate conditions prior to assigning companies
- places apparatus in uncommitted locations
- produces effective communications by reducing radio traffic
- allows command time to formulate and implement an action plan
Staging Area Manager gives Command periodic reports about the companies available in the staging area. What else is he responsible for?
- assuming a visible position and accessible to incoming and staged companies and leaving the apparatus red lights on
- ensuring apparatus are parked appropriate
- maintaining a log of companies available in staging, and inventory of specialized equipment
- reviewing with command resources that must be maintained in staging and co-ordinating the request for these through dispatch
In a normal response what does the unit report?
- their company designation
- that they are standing by
- their direction
When is Level II staging assigned?
-whenever a second alarm is called or an on-scene reserve of companies is required
In high-rise incidents where is Level II staging?
- outside of the building and referred to as the base.
Name the 2 Command Modes?
"in Command" - with stated location, indicates command has been established at a formalized stationary command post
"Mobile Command" - indicates command has established the command function, but has yet to establish a fixed command post
When using "Mobile Command" the IC must further describe his current action as what 3 things?
Mobile Command - Investigating
- Sizing Up
- Tactical
What does the "Strategic Goals" acronym RECEO VS stand for?
Rescue
Exposures
Confinement
Extinguishment
Overhaul
Ventilation
Salvage
Command must consider what 3 factors when developing the "Basic rescue size-up"?
- the number and location of victims
- the effect the fire has had on victims
-the capability of the on-scene companies to enter the building remove/protect victims and control the hazard
Rescue efforts should be extended in the following order:
1. People most severely threatened(closest to hazard)
2."" Largest Groups
3. "" in other areas of the hazard.
4. ""in exposed areas.
What is the first priority of Defensive Fire Operations?
Second priority?
1. To protect exposures.
2. Knock down the main body of the fire.
What does "Fire/incident under control" mean?
- forward progress of the fire has been stopped and command can extinguish the remaining fire with on-scene resources. Does not mean the fire is completely out.
What is the most urgent reason for calling additional alarms?
To cover LIFE SAFETY
What is the first priority in defensive operations?
Second priority?
To protect Exposures
Knock down the main body of the fire.
In cases where rapid extinguishment can't be achieved, the first 3 tactical priorities in order are:
Rescue
Exposures
Containment
If life is endangered where is the first stream placed?
If life is not endangered?
Between the fire and life endangered by it.
Between the fire and most severe exposure.
Should Interior and Exterior Attacks be combined?
NO
What does "Under Control" mean?
Forward progress of the fire has been stopped and can be extinguished with remaining on-scene resources(does not mean fire is completely out).
How many places should a roof be laddered? Why?
2 for a secondary means of egress.
Building evacuation usually mean a shift in operational strategy from ____to _____?
Offensive to Defensive.
How is complete phase control of elevators accomplished?
By assigning fire personnel as operators and initiating Phase I:Emergency Recall and Phase II:Emergency Service
What is usually the 2nd in District Chiefs job?
ISO - Incident safety officer
How do supervisors and leaders track the members within their span of control?
Use the command board with green firepasses rather than red ones.
How much notice does the IC give units before conducting a PAR?
60 seconds
Personal must use caution when placed in what positions?
- operating above the fire
- fire can move behind them
- involved with opposing fire streams
- limited acces(1 way in, 1 way out)
- operating under involved roofs
- hazmat areas
- below grade
How does effective use of staging help us?
- prevents apparatus congestion at the scene
- gives command time to evaluate conditions
- apparatus are in a uncommitted location
- produces more effective communication by reducing radio traffic
- gives command time to formulate and implement an action plan
If no staging area manager is assigned by command, who's job is it?
The first arriving Captain.
How should all unit stage when not first on scene in level 1 staging?
In their direction of travel, uncommitted, approx. 1 block from the scene.
When is level 2 staging assigned?
- whenever a second alarm is called or an on-scene reserve of companies is required.
How is level 2 staging in high-rise incidents accomplished?
- it is stationed outside the building and referred to as the Base.
If the first arriving officer assumes Mobile Command - Tactical, what will happen to the second arriving officer?
He will be transferred command.
What is the best method of transferring command?
Face to Face.
When should additional resources be called in?
- when the life hazard exceeds the rescue capabilities
- property protection exceeds the fire control capabilities
- resources are all committed and fire is still not controlled
- on-scene reserve of tactical units must be maintained
- fire becomes more severe
- command runs out of resources
- unable to locate the fire
-
Command is transferred when what info has been provided to the relieving officer?
- overview of the incident, action taken, extent, conditions
- deployments and assignments of companies
- needs for additional resources
- radio channels
- formal acceptance of command by the new officer
What are the 3 statuses of apparatus on the fire ground?
Assigned
Available
Out of Service
How far should apparatus be positioned away from involved buildings?
10 m
Who is only allowed to return companies back into service?
Command
Command must notify The Emergency Management Agency if evacuation/displacement of up to___people is necessary?
20
What is Civil Law?
- deals with the rights of private citizens and includes law suits between individuals. Fire officers can be held accountable in civil court.
What is Substantive Law?
- includes statutes, legislation, and other codes that govern the rights of people in relation to the state. ie. Calgary public is entitled to the protection of the Fire Dept.
What is Administration or Procedural Law?
- provides the mechanism for enforcing substantive law.
What is Tort Law?
- cover wrongful acts that don't involve a breach of contract or trust and result in injury to another person, their property, or their reputation.
Define Negligence.
- consists of the failure to exercise the degree of care that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances.
Who normally gives a Emergency Traffic Announcement?
By Incident Command or a company officer, but any crew member can initiate an emergency traffic announcement.
What are 3 major methods of gaining information?
- Visual
- Reconnaissance
- Preplanning
List 2 points for level 1 staging.
- stage uncommitted
- approx. 1 block from the scene
What is Freelancing?
Operating without orders.
An example of PAR report from the fireground?
"Command this is Vent. We are PAR on the AB corner. 2 members from Aerial 19".
Command is only transferred when the following info. has been provided to the relieving officer:
- overview of the incident and action taken including the location, extent, conditions, extension, and effectiveness of control efforts
- deployments and assignments of operating companies(accountability)
- appraisal of needs for additional resources
- radio communications zone, TAC, and command channels
- formal acceptance of command by the relieving officer
What are the Functions of Command?
TERDEAAPCRCD
- Transmit initial radio report
- Establish Command
- Rapid Sizeup
- Develop and IAP
- Ensure accountability
- Assign resources
- Assign branches, groups, divisions
- Provide continuity of command and control
- Continually evaluate the IAP
- Request and assign additional resources(as needed)
- Co-ordinate with outside agencies
- Demobilize, return companies, terminate command
What should your initial radio report include?
UIBSODAL
- Unit ID
- Incident address
- Building description
- Scene description
- Operational mode
- Description of conditions
- Actions being taken
- Location and confirmation of Command
What are your 4 Benchmarks?
Primary Search
Secondary Search
Under Control
Loss Stopped
Command must consider what factors in developing the basic rescue size-up?
- the number, location, and condition of victims
- the effect the fire has had on victims
- the capability of the on-scene companies to enter the building, remove/protect victims, and control the hazard
When is a secondary search conducted?
After the fire is declared under control.