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35 Cards in this Set

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Consensus history
~Age of consensus on fundamental issues among middle class Americans; some questioned it as mindless conformity.
Post-war baby boom
~Couples forced to delay having children or marrying due to the war or the depression had children; increased demand for goods, food, housing and education.
Levittown, USA
~William Levitt creates revolution of pre-constructed housing, soon become whole developments= Levittown.
Interstate Highway Act 1956
~a 20-year plan to build 41,000 miles of highways that would connect major cities; 90% of the work was paid for by the fed. Gov. taxes on gas.
Civil religion
~Religion that emphasized patriotic and anti-communist themes in sermons and readings.
Modern Republicanism
~Eisenhower’s method that was “conservative when it came to money and liberal when it comes to human beings.”
Business conglomerates
~large corporations that diversified their product line to better weather the boom bust cycles of America; they joined unrelated businesses under one management team, which helped them become multinational to maximize diversity of revenue sources.
David Reisman’s The Lonely Crowd 1950
~An anti-conformist book that condemned the stifling conformity of modern life.
William Whyte’s The Organization Man 1956
~His book criticized the impersonal rootless life fostered by working for large corporations and conglomerates.
Juvenile delinquency
~Young America criticized their conformist parents in the suburbs; new comprehensives high schools let different social classes mix, allowing lower classes to impress the power of rebellion on upper class students.
Rock and roll
~A blending of TV, movies, and regional radio music as they became mainstream, also addition of rhythm and blues to white music, had a heavy emphasis on beat so it had prominent drums and bass.
Elvis Presley
~ The first white musician who made black moves and style appealing to white audiences; made famous by his swivel hips, and was frequently only filmed from the waist up for TV audiences.
The Beats
~middle class dropouts who rejected mainstream culture and the lack of spirituality of their parents, who moved to cultural centers to live with others of their kind in relative poverty.
Allen Ginsberg’s Howl 1955
~Small book of poetry like nothing else published, became extremely popular and represented the beat movements of SF and GV.
Jack Kerouac’s On the Road 1957
~A novel about life in Greenwich Village and the beatnik parties and adventures they had as part of the movement.
J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye 1951*
~A controversial novel that portrays teenage profanity and sex very liberally.
John Foster Dulles
~Eisenhower’s sec. of state who viewed the battle against communism as good v. evil; he thought containment too soft and wanted to liberate E. Europe, not just contain it.
Brinksmanship
~They wanted to force the disaster to the brink of MAD to ensure best results, mostly enforced by Dulles.
Massive retaliation
~Part of the New Look foreign policy, it stated that the US would use nuclear weapons in and threat from the USSR because they could not match the manpower of the USSR.
Eisenhower Doctrine 1958
~Ike had the power to commit US troops to battle without a congressional declaration of war.
Sputnik 1957
~The first orbiting satellite launched by the USSR in 1957.
National Defense Education Act 1958
~The act strengthened graduate education in math and science so America could catch up with the USSR.
U-2 incident 1959
~The USSR shot down a US high altitude spy plane, and captured the pilot alive.
The Election of 1960
~Republican Nixon v. Democrat Kennedy, Kennedy won due to his success in televised debates.
Eisenhower’s “military & industrial complex” Farewell Address 1960*
~It spoke of a symbiotic relationship between US military and armed forces and US private business, he warned Americans of how the relationship threatened Americans’ democratic rights.
President John F. Kennedy 1960-1963
~From an Irish-Catholic wealthy family, Harvard educated, WWII hero, and had beautiful wife, Jackie O.
Robert S. McNamara & the whiz kids
~McNamara was Kennedy’s Sec. of defense, and he brought ‘whiz kids’ from the Harvard business school to ensure the success of their administration.
The New Frontier
~JFK complied with business wishes for tax cuts and relaxed anti-trust legislation; he insisted that wage increases and price increases be tied to productivity gains’ break downs.
Alliance for Progress 1961
~As the cold war shifted to influences in third world countries, JFK, through Alliance for Progress, promised $20 billion in aid to L. America over the next 10 yrs.
Peace Corps 1961
~A new volunteer organization that sent volunteers to third would countries to help with health, education, and infrastructure.
Apollo Project 1961-1969
~JFK launches Apollo moon project that promised to send and retrieve a man to and from the moon before 1970.
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961
~A CIA planned Cuban invasion enacted by Cuban exiles, but Castro was ready and waiting for them and destroyed them all, due especially to their poorly equipped force.
Berlin Wall 1961
~A wall built by the Russians to separate west and east Berlin, to keep refugees from stealing across border.
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
~US fear USSR supplied missiles to Cuba, US detected secret USSR nuclear base in Cuba, both agree to avoid nuclear war and remove missiles.
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963
~ A ban on above ground nuclear testing for fear of fallout affects, and also to avoid nuclear showdowns and MAD.