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39 Cards in this Set

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What are examples of combinations of CNS stimulant drugs and other drugs?
Caffeine & aspirin (caffeine potentiates pain relief of aspirin) caffeine & antihistamines (helps reduce drowsiness)
2. What are come of the indications for the use of CNS stimulant drugs?
To depress appetite, ADHD, narcolepsy
Are any CNS stimulants controlled substances?
YES / NO (see controlled substance list on blackboard)
amphetamines
What are typical adverse reactions of CNS stimulants?
Nervousness, tachycardia, arrhythmias, death
Tolerance (need increasing dosages), dependence/addiction (causes withdrawal symptoms)
6. What are typical adverse reactions of antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications?
Antianxiety: drowsiness, respiratory depression. See book for antidepressants—SE can include suicide!
What are the three types of antidepressants?
Tricyclics (Elavil), MAOI’s, SSRI’s (Lexapro, Zoloft, Prozac)
Change activity of various brain chemicals (norepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine)
What are two examples of antianxiety medications?
The benzodiazepines including valium (diazepam), and Versed
What is the action of alcohol?
CNS depressant, that means that enough alcohol will cause a person to STOP breathing.
What are some adverse reactions of alcohol?
Respiratory depression, liver & heart damage, GI & esophagus irritation, pancreatitis (leads to pancreatic cancer)
Is alcohol a drug?
Absolutely.
What is marijuana?
Is it on the controlled substance list (if so which level?)
Also a CNS depressant with a very long half life!
Are there any medical uses of marijuana?
NOT in Illinois, but in some other states it can be used for glaucoma, prevention of nausea when taking chemo drugs, and for appetite stimulation
Why do they do hair samples to test for drug use?
Because hair as it grows picks up drugs in the system. So a hair sample can tell what drugs a person used weeks to months previously.
What food can you eat that will cause you to have a false positive drug test result?
(chapter 19)
Poppy seeds (related to opium—ie narcotics)
16. What is the difference between dependence and tolerance?
A drug can cause one or the other or both. Tolerance require more drug to have the same effect over time—like in narcotics or caffeine or nicotine. Dependence means physical or psychological addic-tion, and abrupt cessation causes side effects which can be severe. (dependence on Beta blocker heart meds may cause heart attack if stopped quickly, seizure meds can cause seizures if stopped, but neither of these drugs are associated with tolerance and you can take the same dose of either one for the rest of your life without increasing the dosage ever.
17. What is the difference between addiction and dependence?
Addiction refers to the physical or psychological need “craving” for a drug, even when no longer taking it.
Dependence means the body will have withdrawal symptoms if the drug is stopped abruptly.
The body can become dependent on a medicine, such as an antidepressant, but there is no
addictive feeling associated with it, ie there is no “craving” for the drug after it is stopped, even if there would be withdrawal symptoms associated with abrupt stoppage. Another example, some heart meds and seizure meds cause dependence but there is no “craving” for these meds once they are stopped. Compare this to stopping Heroin, in which there is craving long after the med is stopped. Nicotine causes similar cravings, even years after the person has quit smoking.
What should never be taken with antianxiety medications?
Other medications which also cause sedation, such as alcohol or narcotics
19. For what three purposes are muscle relaxants used?
Acute muscle pain, muscle spasms, before surgery on muscles
What are the various drugs used to treat inflammatory disorders?
Steroids, NSAIDS (aspirin, ibuprofen, naprosyn, Celebrex) (NOT Tylenol/acetaminophen!)
What types of inflammatory disorders are treated with these drugs?
Injuries or conditions associated with swelling, ie arthritis, sprains/strains, Gout, etc.
22. What 4 types of drugs are used to treat osteoporosis? (What is that disorder?)
See text for above question. In addition, osteoporosis is detected by a bone density scan.
ALSO: These drugs help in one of two ways:
1. increase bone tissue maintenance & growth by stimulating osteoblast cells to build bone tissue
2. decrease bone tissue loss by inhibiting osteoclast cells in bone which tear down bone tissue.
Causes tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
C. CNS stimulant


32. Treats muscle spasm A
33. Causes GI irritation and sometimes bleeding B
34. Estrogen is sometimes given for this I
35. Caffeine C
36. Bipolar disease drugs E
37. Used preoperatively and to induce amnesia F
38. Suppress appetite C
39. Increase activity of neurotransmitters norepinephrin, serotonin and dopamine. D
40. Best to prevent acute muscle pain. A
24. Examples are benzodiazepines. F
F. Antianxiety
25. Used for ADHD C
C. CNS stimulant
A. Muscle relaxant
B. Anti-inflammatory
C. CNS stimulant
D. Antidepressant
E. Antimanic
F. Antianxiety
G. Analgesic
H. Antipyretic
I. Osteoporosis
26. Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Aleve G, B, H
G. Analgesic
H. Antipyretic
B. Anti-inflammatory
27. MAOI’s D
D. Antidepressant
28. Lithium E
E. Antimanic
29. Increase heart rate, may cause fatal arrhythmias C
C. CNS stimulant
30. Steroids B
antinflammatory
31. Ritalin C
C. CNS stimulant
32. Treats muscle spasm A
A. Muscle relaxant

33. Causes GI irritation and sometimes bleeding B
B. Anti-inflammatory
A. Muscle relaxant
B. Anti-inflammatory
C. CNS stimulant
D. Antidepressant
E. Antimanic
F. Antianxiety
G. Analgesic
H. Antipyretic
I. Osteoporosis
34. Estrogen is sometimes given for this I
Osteoporosis
35. Caffeine C
C. CNS stimulant
36. Bipolar disease drugs E
E. Antimanic
37. Used preoperatively and to induce amnesia F
F. Antianxiety
38. Suppress appetite C
C. CNS stimulant
39. Increase activity of neurotransmitters norepinephrin, serotonin and dopamine. D
D. Antidepressant
40. Best to prevent acute muscle pain. A
A. Muscle relaxant