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67 Cards in this Set

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Who was Marcion?
2nd century AD, kicked out of the church for believing in two gods, the god of the OT and the god of the NT
What are the bridges between the OT and the NT?
-OT helped prepare for the Messiah
- OT was scriptures for the early church
- OT was quoted and alluded to (1/3 of the NT)
What does theology mean?
the study of God, synonyms: doctrine, dogma
Know the six methods for analyzing OT theology
dogmatic
didactic
genetic
progressive
cross section
topical
What are the major themes of the OT?
The only God
God active in history
human response
prayer
covenant and tradition
tension between God's will and human will
hope and the future
wisdom
What languages was the OT written in?
Hebrew and Aramaic
Name the five basic genres of the OT?
law
historical narrative
poetry
wisdom
prophetic utterances
What kinds of writng materials did the ancients use?
stoies, monuments, wood, papyrus, metal, vellum
What is the Masoretic Text?
transmission of OT texts, more prominent version, standard Hebrew version
What does canon mean?
a list of authoritative texts, books that are considered scripture or inspired
What are the stages of the development of Scripture?
auuthoritative utterances, formal written documents, collecting written documents, sorting written documents and fixing a canon
What is the Tanak?
Hebrew divisions of the OT
Torah
Nebi'im
Ketubim
What are the five English divisions of the OT?
Law (5) Genesis - Deut.
History (12) Joshua - Esther
Poetry (5) Job - Song of Sol.
Minor Prophets (5) Isaish- Dan
Minor Prophets (12) Hosea- Malachi
What are the 13 historical periods of the OT?
Antediluvian (Pre-flood)
Postdiluvian (Post-flood)
Patriarchal
Egyptian captivity
Wilderness Wandering
Conquest of Canaan
Judges
Unite4d Kingdom
Divided Kingdom
Judah alone
The Exile
Return and Rebuild
Interestamental period
What is the literary plan of the Pentateuch?
Genesis 1-11
Genesis 12 - 50 : coventant promise, election of Abraham and his family
Exodus: deliverance from bondage, Mt. Sinai
Leviticus: giving the law, what it means for God to dwell with His people
Numbers: testing, purging, purifying
Deutoronomy: 2nd telling of law
What are the three important nations during the Middle Bronze and Late Bronze ages?
Sumaria, Old Babylonia, Egypt
Who was Judas Wellhausen?
-- Pentateuch comes from four sources, JEDP
What does toledoth mean?
this is the account
What are the major points in the Genesis outline as given by H & W?
Creation, Before the Patriarchs, Patriarchs in Palestine, Patriarchs in Egypt
What does bere'shith mean?
In the beginning
What does thohu wabohu mean?
formless and void
Know the days of creation:
Day 1: Seperate light from darkness
Day 2: Firmament, seperates water above and waters below
Day 3: Dry land and vegetation
Day 4: Sun, moon, and stars
Day 5: Birds and fish
Day 6: Creeping creatures and animals
Day 7: God rested
What was the Enuma Elish?
mythological account of creation, Babylonian
What are the three ways the serpant tempted Eve?
Be like God
Tree is good for food
Pleasing to the eye
Who was saved in the ark?
Moses and wife, Shem and wife, Ham and wife, Japeth and wife
What was the sign of the covenant between God and humanity in the flood account?
rainbow
Who did God call in Genesis 2?
Abraham
What did God promise to Abram in different covenant encounters?
have a child
father of all nations
father of many
families blessed thru him
promise of the land
What was the sign of the covenant between Abraham and God?
circumcision
What NT parallel do we have to Genesis 12?
God sacrificing His Son
What three things tie covenant texts together/
family (descendants), relationships with God, land
Who were the wives of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob?
Abraham - Sarah
Isaac - Rebekah
Jacob - Leah and Rachel
What were the names of the sons of Jacob
Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,Joseph and Benjamin,Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher, Reuben
What Egyptian bought Joseph when he was sold into slavery?
Potiphar
How did Joseph leave prison?
He interpreted dreams
What was the end result of the Joseph story?
2nd in command for Egypt, Jacob's family moved to Egypt
What does exodus mean?
exit
What are the possible dates for the writing of Exodus>
1400 to 1200 BC
What is the basic structure of Exodus?
Israel in Egypt (1:1 - 13:16)
Israel's wilderness trek (13:17 - 18:27)
Israel at Sinai (19:1 - 40:38)
What are the major themes of Exodus?
know Yahweh
ten plagues
the passover
the ten commandments
the presence of God
Know the ten plagues
water to blood
frogs
lice
flies, wild animals or beetles
disease on livestock
boils
hail
locusts
darkness
death of firstborn
Know the ten commandments
1. I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

2. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.

3. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them.

4. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

5. Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long.

6. Thou shalt not kill.

7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.

8. Thou shalt not steal.

9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor's.
What is the name of God?
Yahweh
Which Pharaohs were possibly the Pharaohs of the exodus?
Amenhotep II
Thutmose IV
Ramses II
Merneptah
What were the elements of the Passover?
Lamb
Kill at twilight
blood on doorposts
eat or burn all the lamb, unleavened breads and herbs
eat as ready to leave
What led the Israelites in the wilderness?
fire by night
cloud by day
What body of water did the Israelites have to cross after they left Egypt?
the Red Sea
What does Manna mean?
What is it?
Know the treaty form
preamble
historical prologue
stipulations
deposti and public reading
list of witnesses
blessings and curses
What is significant about Exodus 20:2?
It contains the preamble and the historiucal prologue and begins the ten commandments
Selected verses and the treaty form
Preamble 20:2 a
Historical prologue 20:2b
stipulations: ten commandments
deposit and public reading:24:7
list of witnesses:24:1-11
blessings and curses:23:20-33
What are some reasons that the Sabbath commandment is still important today?
rooted in creation; looks forward to Revelation
bridge between the first three commandments and the last six
it belongs to the Lord
the day is holy
it is a day of rest
whenever Israel failed to remember the Sabbath they were also failing other areas of the law
What was the ark of the covenatn?
a mercy seat, a place for people to meet and speak with God, not ordinary people, priests
What was the tabernacle?
Standing in the presence of God, a portable sanctuary that represented God's presence, and had rules for holiness,
What is the basic outline of Leviticus?
Approaching a holy God (1-10)
Living in the presence of a holy God (11-25)
Covenant blessings and curses (26)
Laws about vows and gifts (27)
What is the purpose of Leviticus?
11:44-45
44'For (A)I am the LORD your God Consecrate yourselves therefore, and (B)be holy, for I am holy. And you shall not make yourselves unclean with any of the swarming things that swarm on the earth
A)For I am the LORD who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God; thus (B)you shall be holy, for I am holy.'"
What are the major themes of Leviticus?
holiness
sacrifices
major festivals of the calendar year
What are the kinds of sacrifices and what were their purpose?
burnt offering
meal offering
peace offering
sin offering
guilt offering
What were the three kinds of festivals the Israelites were to hold and what did they represent?
the passover
pentecost (feast of weeks)
feast of booths
What does bemidbar mean?
in the wilderness
What is the scope of Numbers?
a summary of the 40 year period of wandering and testing in the wilderness
What is the basic outline of Numbers?
preparations for departure from Sinai (1:10-10)
from Sinai to Kadesh (10:11-20:21)
from Kadesh to the plains of Moab (20:22 - 36)
What are the major emphases of Numbers?
holiness of God
sinfulness of hmanity
necessity of obediencetragedy of disobedience
faithfulness of God
What does Deutoronomy mean?
hebrew: these are the words
greek: second law
What is the purpose of Deut?
to reconfirm the law with Israelites
What are the major themes of Deut?
teh law
central sanctuary
history as theology
the retribution principle
Summary of Moses
savoir
receipient of the Torah
covenant mediator
paradigmatic prophet
leading advocate
servant of God