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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Physiology
The study of function
Anatomy
The study of structure
Embryology
The study of development before birth
Pathology
The study of disease
Histology
The study of cells
Distal
Away from
Anterior
Toward the front
Inferior
Toward the feet
Superior
Toward the head
Posterior
Toward the back
Lateral
Toward the side
Homeostasis
Maintaining a stable internal enviorment
Thoracic cavity
Contains the heart & lungs
Vertebral cavity
Contains the spinal cord
Cilia
Tiny hairs projecting from the cell
Flagella
Long strings projecting from a cell
Intermediate filaments
Medium sized fibers found in cell junctions & special cells
Microtubules
Thick fibers that help suspend the organelles
Microfilaments
Thing fibers for cell movement & changing shape
Microvilli
Fingerlike extensions of the cell
Gap junction
Channels for communication
Desmosome
A small spot of fibers
Tight junction
Completely seals the cells together
Epithelial tissue
Covers, lines, secretes
Simple squamous
In the lungs, kidneys, & blood vessels
Simple columnar
In the digestive tract
Stratified squamous
In the skin & mouth
Transitional
In the bladder
Pseudostratified
1 layer of columnar cells with the nuclei in different positions, in the trachea
Endocrine glands
Secrete hormones into the blood stream
Mesenchyme
Embryonic connective tissue
Areolar
Connective tissue in the skin & around organs
Dense
In tendons, ligaments & the skin
Reticular
Found in lymphatic organs
Adipose
Fat tissue, in the skin * around organs
Hyaline cartilage
Covers the ends of bones & holdes the trachea open
Elastic carilage
In the external ear& the epiglottis
Fibrocartilage
In the discs of joints
Skeletal muscle
Has stripes, attached to bones
Cardiac muscle
Has light & dark stripes, in the heart
Keratinocytes
Produce a waterproof protein
Langerhans cells
Macrophages in the skin
Merkel cells
Connected to a sensory nerve for touch reception
Stratum basale
The cells rapidly divide & push upwards
Stratum spinosum
Contains thick bundles of keratin
Stratum corneum
Dead cells filled with keratin
Ground substance
A protein & sugar filler material surrounding the cells & fibers
Collagen
A thick strong fiber
Elastin
A stretchy fiber
Fibroblasts
Make the fibers & the ground substance
Chondroblasts
Make cartilage
Mast cells
Secrete histamine
Cyanosis
Blue skin
Erythema
Red skin
Jaundice
Yellow skin
Diaphysis
The shaft of a bone
Epiphyseal plate
A strip of cartilage that produces a new bone
Periosteum
A membrane surrounding a bone
Osteoclasts
Degrade bone
Red marrow
Where blood is made
Yellow Marrow
Contains fats & oils
Lamellae
The concentric rings inside Haversian systems
Lacunae
Spaces in which osteocytes live
Osteoid
Protein, sugars & collagen that make part of the hard material of bone
Hydroxyapatite
Mineral salts in bone
Condyle
A rounded projection near a joint, usually smooth
Meatus
A canal
Foramen
A hole in a bone
Fossa
A shallow depression
Axial skeleton
Contains the skull, vertebrae & ribs
Sagital plane
Cuts the body into left and right sides
Visceal Peritoneum
Covers organs in the abdominopelvic cavity
In the anatomical position....
Body is straight, facing forward, and the palms are facing forward
Which region is below the epigastric region?
Umbilical
Which tissue below would contain many layers of flat irregular cells?
Stratified squamous
Secrete only their products such as the pancreas, sweat and salivary glands
Merocrine glands
A sheet of connective tissue at the bottom of epithelial tissue
Basement membrane
A yellow orange pigment in the skin
Carotene
Secrete wax
Ceriuminous glands
The white crescent over the nail matric
Lunula
Holds the pituitary
Sell Turcica
An attachment point for the tongue
Hyoid
Side to side curving of the spine
Scoliosis