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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ophthalmic artery: exit from skull
optic canal
central retinal vein: entrance into skull
optic canal
ophthalmic vein: entrance into skull
Superior orbital fissure
IV: exit from skull
Superior orbital fissure
V1: exit from skull
Superior orbital fissure
VI: exit from skull
Superior orbital fissure
VIII: exit from skull
internal auditory meatus
X: exit from skull
jugular foramen
XI: exit from skull
jugular foramen
jugular vein: exit from skull
jugular foramen
brain stem: entrance into skull
foramen magnum
vertebral arteries: entrance into skull
foramen magnum
carotid artery: entrance into skull
carotid canal
Ascending pressure, vibration, touch, and proprioception: Synapse 1
Nucleus cuneatus or gracilis (medulla)
Ascending pressure, vibration, touch, and proprioception: 2nd order neuron
ipsillateral grey

**decussates in medulla, ascends contralatterally in medial lemniscus
Ascending pressure, vibration, touch, and proprioception: Synapse 2
Synapse 2: VPL of thalamus
Ascending pressure, vibration, touch, and proprioception: 3rd order neuron
3rd order neuron: sensory cortex
ascending pain and temperature sensation: Synapse 1
Ipsilateral gray matter of spinal cord
ascending pain and temperature sensation: 2nd order neuron
ipsilateral grey

** decussates at anterior white commissure and ascends contralaterally
ascending pain and temperature sensation: Synapse 2
Synapse 2: VPL of thalamus
ascending pain and temperature sensation: 3rd order neuron
3rd order Neuron: sensory cortex
Voluntary motor control: Synapse 1
cell body of anterior horn (spinal cord)
Voluntary motor control: 2nd order neuron
Lower motor neuron
Voluntary motor control: Synapse 2
Synapse 2: neuromuscular jnx
swallowing: what nerve?
CN IX and X
salivation (parotid): what nerve?
CNIX
carotid body and sinus chemo and baroreceptors: what nerve
CN IX
lacrimation: what nerve?
VII
salivation (submax and subling): what nerve?
VII
eyelid closing: what nerve?
VII
swollowing & palate elevation: what nerve?
CNX
talking: what nerve?
X
thoracoabdominal viscera innervation: what nerve?
X
aortic arch chemo and baroreceptors: what nerve?
X
anterior or posterior circle of willis: general motor dysfunction?
anterior
anterior or posterior circle of willis: aphasia?
anterior
anterior or posterior circle of willis: visual deficits
posterior
anterior or posterior circle of willis: coma
posterior
anterior or posterior circle of willis: cerebellar deficits (ataxia)
posterior
elevation of palate: what nerve?
CN X
Waiter's tip
lesion to what brachial plexus structure?
Upper trunk
Upper trunk of brachial plexus lesion. what result?
waiter's tip
Claw hand
lesion to what brachial plexus structure?
Lower Trunk
What roots in upper trunk
--of brachial plexus
C5 C6
Lower trunk of brachial plexus lesion. what result?
Claw hand
Saturday night palsy...what lesion?
radial nerve at shaft of humerus
radial nerve compression at shaft of humerus lesion, what syndrome?
saturday night palsy
*wrist drop
axillary nerve from what cord?
posterior
radial nerve from what cord
posterior
musculocutaneous from what cord?
lateral
median nerve from what cord?
lateral AND medial
ulnar nerve from what cord
medial
Extensor nerves of brachial plexus
axillary and radial
extensor divisions of brachial plexus
posterior
flexor divisions of brachial plexus
anterior
damage to long thoracic nerve
what result?
winged scapula
winged scapula
what nerve damage?
long thoracic nerve
innervation of brachioradialis
radial nerve
innervation of supinator
radial nerve
innervation of opponens pollicis
median
innervation of abductor pollicis brevis
median
innervation of flexor pollicis brevis
median
innervation of abductor pollicis longus
radial
*posterior interosseous
innervation of flexor pollicis longus
median
*anterior interosseous
landmark for pudendal nerve block
ischial spine
location of McBurney's point
2/3 of way from umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine

*for finding appendix
landmark for lumbar puncture
iliac crest
posterior half of skull
dermatome?
C2
high turtleneck shirt
dermatome?
C3
Low collar shirt
dermatome?
C4
nipple
dermatome?
T4
xiphoid process
dermatome?
T7
umbilicus
dermatome?
T10
inguinal ligament
dermatome?
L1
kneecaps
dermatome?
L4
erection, sensation of penis and anus
dermatome?
S2,3,4
afferent neuron type stimulated by muscle spindle
Ia
motor fiber type stimulated in stretch reflex
alpha
location of muscle spindle
in parallel with muscle fibers
organ which measures muscle stretch
muscel spindle
organ which measures muscle tension
golgi tendon organs
motor neuron which stimulatus contraction the muscle spindle (intrafusal fiber)
gamma neuron
biceps reflex, nerve roots
C*5*,6
triceps reflex nerve roots
C*7* C8
Patella reflex nerve roots
L3, L*4*
Achiles reflex nerve roots
S*1*, S2
Moro reflex
extension of limbs when startled
Rooting reflex
nipple seeking
Palmar reflex
grasp objects in palm
Babinski reflex
toe dorsiflexion with plantar stimulation