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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The subatomic particles involved in forming chemical bonds are called
VALENCE ELECTRONS
Stable atoms tend to have __ valence electrons.
8
Eight electrons is referred to as a(n)
OCTET
In order to achieve an octet, electrons can be...
LOST, GAINED, or SHARED
The __ rule states that atoms form bonds in order to become stable by transferring or sharing electrons.
OCTET
Two elements that are exceptions to the octet rule because they only need two electrons to fill the first energy level are...
HYDROGEN and HELIUM
By looking at the periodic table, the __ number indicates the number of valence electrons.
GROUP
Elements in group 1 have __ valence electrons.
1
Elements in group 17 have __ valence electrons.
7
Elements in group 18 have __ valence electrons.
8
A drawing representing the valence electrons is called a
DOT DIAGRAM
Bonds formed when atoms gain or lose electrons are called
IONIC BONDS
An atom that has gained or lost electrons is called a(n)
ION
An atom with an electrical charge is called a(n)
ION
An ionic compound forms because
IONS OF OPPOSITE CHARGES ATTRACT TO ONE ANOTHER
A bond that forms when atoms share valence electrons is a(n)
COVALENT BOND
A bond that forms between atoms that gain electrons and atoms that lose electrons is a(n)
IONIC BOND
A bond that forms between two or more atoms that need to gain electrons is a(n)
COVALENT BOND
Atoms of the same element that covalently bond to one another are called
DIATOMIC MOLECULES
The attraction an atom has for the shared pair of electrons in a covalent bond is called
ELECTRONEGATIVITY
Bonds between metals and nonmetals are called
IONIC BONDS
Bonds between two nonmetals are called
COVALENT BONDS
An atom that loses electrons during bonding will become a
POSITIVE ION
An atom that gains electrons during bonding will become a
NEGATIVE ION