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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Congestive heart failure:
most common cause of increased serum BUN
increase serum BUN and creatinine
Prerenal azotemia:
decrease cardiac output, decrease GFR; ratio > 15
Renal medulla:
relatively ischemic
most common mechanism causing glomerulonephritis
Hyaline arteriolosclerosis of efferent arteriole:
increase GFR producing hyperfiltration injury (b/c of DM)
Alport's syndrome:
hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, ocular defects
most common cause of ARF
Renal tubular cell cast:
key cast of ATN
Acute pyelonephritis:
most common cause of TIN
Acute drug-induce TIN:
abrupt onset fever, oliguria, rash
Analgesic nephropathy:
combination of acetaminophen + aspirin; renal papillary necrosis
Prevention of urate nephropathy:
allopurinal before aggressive cancer therapy
BJ proteinuria:
casts with foreign body giant cell reaction
Renal osteodystrophy:
due to secondary HPTH, osteomalacia, osteoporosis
Waxy casts:
sign of CRF
kidney of essential hypertension; due to hyaline arteriolosclerosis
Wilms' tumor:
child with unilateral flank mass and hypertension