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11 Cards in this Set

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MAXILLARY ARTERY

INFRAORBITAL ARTERY
2. Infraorbital artery: emerges from the infraorbital foramen and courses
with the infraorbital nerve
MAXILLARY ARTERY

MENTAL ARTERY
3. Mental artery: emerges from the mental foramen and courses with the
mental nerve
MAXILLARY ARTERY

BUCCAL ARTERY
4. Buccal artery: emerges from the deep face and courses with the buccal
nerve (do not confuse the buccal nerve, a branch ofthe mandibular nerve,
with the buccal branches ofthe facial nerve)
SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL ARTERY

ARISES FROM...
D. Superficial temporal artery: arises from the external carotid artery poste-
rior to the neck of the mandible and ascends anterior to the auricle with
the auriculotemporal nerve; one of its branches, the transverse facial artery,
courses anteriorly on the face, inferior to the zygomatic arch, with a zygo-
matic branch of the facial nerve
FACIAL VEIN

Descends...
E. Facial vein

1. Descends from the medial angle ofthe eye, lateral to the facial artery,
and superficial to the facial musculature; its tributaries are noted below
FACIAL VEIN

SUPERIOR OPHTHALMIC VEIN
E. Facial vein

2. Superior ophthalmic vein: emerges from the orbit and drains into the
facial vein near the medial angle of the eye; since it is valveless, it may
also drain posteriorly through the orbit and into the cavernous sinus, a
dural venous sinus within the cranial cavity
FACIAL VEIN

DEEP FACIAL VEIN
E. Facial vein

3. Deep facial vein: extends from the pterygoid venous plexus in the deep
face to the facial vein near the corner ofthe mouth
FACIAL VEIN

SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR LABIAL VEINS
E. Facial vein

4. Superior and inferior labial veins: course with their corresponding ar-
teries and drain into the facial vein superior and inferior to the corner of
the mouth, respectively; above the superior labial vein, the facial vein is
sometimes called the angular vein
CLINICAL NOTE

FACIAL VEIN VS. INFECTIOUS MATERIAL
E. Facial vein

5. Clinical note: if infectious material enters the facial vein through one of
its tributaries, perhaps from squeezing a pimple, it may spread to the-
superior ophthalmic vein, through the orbit, and into the cavernous sinus
within the cranial cavity; through the communicating system of intra-
cranial dural venous sinuses, there may be widespread dispersion ofthe
infectious material to the meninges and brain
LYMPHATICS
G. Lymphatics: drain to submental, submandibular, superficial and deep pa-
rotid, and superficial and deep cervical nodes
NAME THE VEINS OF THE FACE
FACIAL
OPHTHALMIC
MAXILLARY
SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL