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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Amendments
Modifications or changes made to a legal document
Appeals
Requests to a higher court to review or revise decisions made by lower court
Appellate Courts
Referred to as the higher courts of the judicial system; hear appeals from lower trial
courts
Arrest
a person into custody in a case, and in the manner authorized by the law
Arraignment
Legal procedure where the court informs defendants of the nature of the charges against
them and of their constitutional rights to have counsel, to plead guilty or not guilty, and to have a jury trial
Bail
A security deposited with a competent court or magistrate to ensure that the accused person will appear for trial when summoned
Bill of Rights
A security deposited with a competent court or magistrate to ensure that the accused person will appear for trial when summoned
Competent Court
Any court, civil or criminal, having authority to handle a particular case
Constitution
A written document that embodies the basic laws of a nation or state
Due Process
A course of legal proceedings according to the rules and principles which have been
established by the government; basic rights of a defendant in judicial proceedings and the requisites for a fair trial
Grand Jury
A body of a set number of citizens from within the county who are sworn to receive
complaints and accusation in criminal cases; responsible for determining if there is sufficient cause to believe a person has committed a crime and should be made to stand trial
Indictment
accusation in writing formally charging a person with a crime or public offense
Magistrate
An officer of the court having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged
with a public offense
Parole
A conditional release from confinement which allows an individual to serve the remainder of a sentence outside of prison
Preliminary Hearing
A screening procedure used in felony cases to determine if there is enough evidence to
hold a defendant for trial
Probation
A sentencing option for an individual convicted of a criminal offense
Right to Bail
A defendant’s constitutional right to reasonable bail to permit the unhampered preparation of a defense before trial
Sentencing
A judgment that is formally pronounced by the court upon a defendant after conviction in a criminal trial
Trial
A formal judicial examination and determination of issues (law or fact) between parties
Trial Courts
Referred to as the lower courts; receive evidence and consider cases involving criminal activity or civil disputes