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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Stevens Johnson:
erythema multiforme of mouth (HS at. mycoplasma or drugs sulfa)
most common odontogenic tumor
Squamous cell carcinoma:
most common site is lower lip
Basal cell carcinoma:
most common oral site is upper lip
VATER syndrome:
vertebral abnormalities, anal atresia, TE fistula, renal disease, and absent radius
Zenker's diverticulum:
most common esophageal diverticulum. weakness of oncopharyngeus muscle.
Left gastric coronary vein:
drains blood from distal esophagus and proximal stomach into the portal vein
Esophageal varices:
portal hypertension dilates left gastric coronary veins
Mallory-Weiss syndrome:
mucosal tear of distal esophagus
Boerhaave's syndrome:
rupture of distal esophagus
most common neuromuscular disorder of the esophagus. absent ganglion cells in myenteric plexus
Type A chronic atrophic gastritis:
body and fundus; pernicious anemia
Type B chronic atrophic gastritis:
antrum and pylorus; H. pylori
Krukenburg tumor:
metastatic signet-ring cells to both ovaries
Colicky Pain:
symptom of bowel obstruction
sigmoid diverticulosis, angiodysplasia
Secretory diarrhea:
loss of isotonic fluid
Osmotic diarrhea:
loss of hypotonic fluid
Pancreatic insufficiency:
malabsorption of fat and proteins
Bile salts/acids:
required to micellarize monoglycerides and fatty acids
required to reabsorb micelles
decreased reabsorption indicates small bowel disease
dilation cecal submucosal venules; hematochezia
Vermiform appendix:
most common site for carcinoid tumor
Peutz-Jeghers polyposis:
only syndrome without colonic polyps
Villous adenoma:
may cause hypoproteinemia and hypokalemia
Left-sided colon cancer:
more likely to obstruct
Right-sided colon cancer:
more likely to bleed
Pain in acute appendicitis:
initially periumbilical and then shifts to RLQ