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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
took control of soviet union in 1924, focused on creating a model comunist state
Joseph Stalin
stalins great purge, takin out enemies, his own people
5 year plan
policy pursued under stalin between 1928 and 1940. The goal of this policy was to consolidate individual land and labor into collective farms
arrested, tried, imprisoned and executed hundreds of thousands of people, many merely for being part of a social group the Soviet government considered an anti-social element
Great Purge
govt that tried to exert complete control over its citizens, individuals have no rights and the governement suppresses all opposition
italian ruler, established totalitarian regime in italy where unemployment and inflation produced bitter strikes most communist-led
Benito Mussolini
stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individuals
followed path of mussolini, joined nazi party, became ruler of germany
Adolf Hitler
german brand of facism, based on extreme nationalism
expanding of country's living space
My Struggle, is a book by adolf hitler
Mein Kampf
close relationship between germany and italian dictators who signed a a formal alliance known as...
Rome-Berlin Axis Pact
spanish officers rebelled against spanish republic, led by...
Francisco Franco
spanish troops launched an attack and seized control of... in 1931
first 2 acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war
Neutrality Acts
british prime minister
Neville Chamberlain
chamberlain's political rival in great britain
Winston Churchill
giving up principles to pacify an agressor
The four countries of Germany, Italy, France, and Great Britain composed and signed the Munich Pact in Munich, Germany on September 29, 1938
Munich pact
an agreement in which 2 nations promise not to go to war with eachother
Non-Aggression Pact
massive attack combined with combined air and ground forces, intended to acheive quick victory
french general who fled to england to set up a government-in-exile
Charles deGaulle
systematic murder of 11million people across europe, more than half of whom were jews
stripped jews of their german citizenship, jobs, and poverty
Nuremberg Laws
hatred of the jews
"night of broken glass", nazi storm troopers attacked jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across across germany
a policy of genocide created by hitler, beleif that aryans were superior and master race must be preserved
Final Solution
labor camps
Concentration Camps
largest concentration camp
deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population
germany, italy, and japan
Axis Powers
germany, italy, and japan had signed a mutual defense treaty
Tripartite Pact
public utilities executive, supported roosevelt's policy of aiding britain
Wendell Wilkie
president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the u.s."
Lend-Lease Plan
hitler deployed u-boats to destroy lend-lease supply ships
Wolf Packs