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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Choanal atresia:
newborn cannot breathe through the nose
Nasal polyps in child:
order a sweat test to rule out cystic fibrosis
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma:
association with EBV
Resorption atelectasis:
most common cause of fever 24 to 36 hours after surgery
Compression atelectasis:
air under pressure or flued in pleural cavity
cortisol increases synthesis, insulin inhibits synthesis
acute alveolarcapillary damage; sepsis most common cause
Streptococcus pneumoniae:
most common cause of typical community-acquired pneumonia
Typical pneumonia:
signs of consolidation (alveolar exudate)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae:
most common cause of atypical pneumonia
Atypical pneumonia:
interstitial pneumonia
Pseudomonas aeruginosa:
nosocomial pneumonia; contracted from respirators
Reactivation TB:
upper lobe cavitary lesion(s)
most common extrapulmonary site in TB
Superior segment, right lower lobe:
most common site for aspiration
Bronchial arteries:
protect lungs from infarction
Pulmonary infarction:
normal ventilation scan, abnormal perfusion scan
Bronchogenic carcinoma:
most common asbestos-related cancer
Malignant mesothelioma:
arises from serosa of (no assoc with) pleura; encases the lung
most common noninfectious granulomatous disease of the lungs
most common noninfectious granulomatous disease of the liver
Farmer's lung:
antigen is themophilic actinomyces in moldy hay. type 3 HS leads to type 4
Silo filler's disease:
inhalation of wheat weevil protein
contact with cotton, linen, hemp products. Hypersensitivity Rxn
targets the respiratory unit
Centriacinar emphysema:
destruction of the distal terminal bronchioles and RB
Panacinar emphysema:
targets distal terminal bronchioles and the entire respiratory unit
isotype switching to IgE production
production and activation of eosinophils
permanent dilation of bronchi and bronchioles
Primary ciliary dyskinesia:
absent dynein arm in cilia
Symptoms in thymomas:
most often associated with myasthenia gravis
Spontaneous pneumothorax:
loss of negative intrathoracic pressure. Trachea deviates to side of pneumothorax
Tension pneumothorax:
increase in pleural cavity pressure. Trachea deviates to contralateral side