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30 Cards in this Set

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1668, disproved spontaneous generation
redi
idea that nonliving thing can produce life
spontaneous generation
1800, disproved vital forces/spontaneous generation and proved biogenesis
pasteur
living things come only from other living things
biogenesis
formation of simple organic molecules important to life
step 1 to rise to primitive life
the organization of these simple molecules into complex organic molecules
step 2 ro rise of primitive life
sugars and amino acids
are primitive cell-like structures
water vapor,hydrogen,methane and ammonia made up the atmosphere + energy(sun/lightening)
oparin's theory
primordial soup/life began in the
ocean
proved oparin's theory
miller/urey
heated amino acids that turned into protocell
sidney fox
explains how eukaryotes evolved from prokaryotes
endosymbiant theory
chloroplasts and mitochondria have their own ribosomes similar to ribosomes in prokaryotes
new evidence 1
they reproduce independently of the cells that contain them
new evidence 2
modern prokaryotes live in close association with eukaryotes
new evidence 3
grouping of objects and information based on similarities
classification
branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on the studies of their characteristics
taxonomy
1st taxonimist
aristotle
first working classification system, binomial nomenclature
linnaeus
two word naming system
binomial nomenclature
consists of a group of similar species
genus
common names are misleading/different words in different languages, universal language is latin
why scientific names are important
taxon of similar phyla or division, 1st taxon
kingdom
phylogeny(evolutionary history)
evolutionary relationships
ex is caterpillar and butterfly
development
dna
biochemistry
how they act in their enviroment
behavior
eukaryote that lacks complex organ systems/lives in moist enviroments
protist
bacteria,eubacteria,protists,fungi,plants,animals
6 kingdoms
o2 revolution goes to
ozone(o3) blocks and then ultraviolet rays and multicellular organisms