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### 32 Cards in this Set

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 A repetitive motion that stays in one location OSCILLATION A repetitive motion that moves to a different location WAVE For example, the up and down motion causing a ripple in the water OSCILLATION For example, the ripples in the water moving outward WAVE For example, a pendulum swinging OSCILLATION What carries energy and information over great distances? WAVES Another word for vibration OSCILLATION A wave with the oscillation perpendicular to the wave motion TRANSVERSE A wave with the oscillation parallel to the wave motion LONGITUDINAL For example, light waves and ocean waves TRANSVERSE For example, sound waves LONGITUDINAL For example, when we used the spring to make a rippling wave TRANSVERSE For example, when we used the slinky to see the coils compress along the length of the slinky LONGITUDINAL Measure of how often a wave goes up and down FREQUENCY Unit for frequency HERTZ (Hz) Equation for frequency (using wavelength and velocity) FREQUENCY = VELOCITY / WAVELENGTH The larges amount the wave goes above or below the average AMPLITUDE The length of one complete cycle WAVELENGTH The distance from crest to crest (or any point on a wave to the repeating point) WAVELENGTH Unit for amplitude DEGREES or METERS Unit for wavelength METERS Equation for velocity VELOCITY = FREQUENCY x WAVELENGTH Equation for WAVELENGTH WAVELENGTH = VELOCITY / FREQUENCY Symbol for wavelength LAMBDA (upside down Y) Symbol for velocity v How fast the wave can transmit an oscillation from one place to another VELOCITY As frequency increases and velocity remains constant, the wavelength.. DECREASES As wavelength increases and velocity remains constant, the frequency.. DECREASES As more energy is put into a vibrating string, the amplitude INCREASES Wavelength and frequency have a(n) __ relationship. INVERSE Wavelength and speed have a(n) __ relationship. DIRECT (or PROPORTIONAL) Speed and frequency have a(n) __ relationship. INVERSE