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15 Cards in this Set

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According to the ________ theory, children who received social reinforcement demonstrated an increase in altruistic behavior that lasted longer than tangible rewards.
learning
A mother's use of moralizing and prohibitions (e.g. "Don't take away Johnny's toys, it makes him sad. You must share.") was found to result in:
an increase in altruistic behaviors.
________ encompass the individual's evaluation of what is right and wrong.
morals
Moral choices that are supported by ________ involve the individual's ability to understand rules, distinguish right from wrong and to take the perspective of another.
reasoning
Kyle tells his sister that she shouldn't take someone else's toy because she wouldn't like it if someone took one of her toys. Kyle is most likely in what stage of moral development according to Kohlberg?
conventional - mutual interpersonal expectations
Adherence to an egocentric point of view that doesn't consider the interest of others or recognize that they differ from others is ________.
preconventional
Carol Gilligan criticized Kohlberg's theory of moral development because she claimed it did not give enough emphasis to:
connected with others
Moral development is influenced by all the following EXCEPT:

a. situational contexts.

b. genetic contexts.

c. socialization contexts.

d. temperament of the individual.

e. individual contexts.
genetic contexts.
Researchers have found that children of parents who were punitive tend to be "good" in order to avoid consequences, while children who have parent who are warm and affectionate tend to be "good" in order to conform to their own standards. These are known as:
externally focused conscience, internally focused conscience.
Teachers who involve students in making rules for their class may be described as:
authoritative.
Mrs. Boyd wants her 9th grade music students to develop a sense of morality in her class. She should do all the following EXCEPT:

a. send students who break the rule to the principal's office to receive consequences.

b. give reasons for rules and consequences in her class.

c. be a role model and point out other role models in the class.

d. build a sense of community in her class.

e. discuss concepts of fairness and unfairness.
send students who break the rule to the principal's office to receive consequences.
Which of the following is true regarding moral development?

a. It is related to one's level of self-esteem.

b. It represents an individual's beliefs and concept of personal and societal values

c. It is socially constructed.

d. It is related to an individual's capacity to make rational decisions.

e. It is generally arbitrary and related to peer expectations.
It is generally arbitrary and related to peer expectations.
The ________ schema theory deals with how one comes to perceive oneself as a male or female by processing gender-linked information.
gender
The ________ influences differences in gender typing as a result of parental involvement, maternal work status, sex typing of parental roles within the home and siblings sex constellation.
family
As one of the functions of play, ________ groups socialize children to learn appropriate gender roles.
peer