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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mother rejects the RH factor protein in the fetus
Erythroblastosis fetalis
heart attack-heart muscle doesn't get enough blood
myocardial infarction
protein compound carried on RBC that unites w/ oxygen and carries it to cells
Hemoglobin
loose fitting membrane enclosing the heart
pericardium
bulk of heart muscle-responsible for contraction of heart
myocardium
WBC-fight infection
leukocytes
RBC-27 trillion, live 30-120 days
Erythrocytes
plateletes-help form blood clots
thrombocytes
phase of ventricle relaxation-recieve blood from atria-"80"
diastole
phase of ventricle contraction-blood in arteries "120"
systole
clot stays where formed
thrombus
worse-clot dislodges and circulates through bloodstream (heparin)
embolus
artery section that has become abnormally widened
aneurysm
hardening of the arteries-thickening of arterial walls-calcium deposits
arteriosclerosis
Where would u find axillary
arm
where is the gastric?
stomach
where is the carotid
neck
where is the hepatic
liver
where is the renal
kidney
where is the coronary
nect
Explain the systemic curcuit and pulmonary curcuit and their differences
SC-takes blood to all pody parts and back

PC-takes blood to lungs and back to heart-only place where arteries have deoxygenated blood and veins have oxygenated blood
between right ventricle and pulminary arteries
pulminary semilunar
between left ventricle and aorta
aortic semilunar
between the atria and ventricles
atrioventricular valve
between right atrium and right ventricle
tricuspid valve
between left atrium and left ventricle
mitral valve
attach end of flap to papillary muscles
chordae tendineae
artery b/w right ventricle and lungs
pulmonary arteries
vein b/w lungs and left atrium
pulminary veins
largest vein bringing deoxygenated blood to the heart
vena cava
brings blood to the entire body
aorta
chest pain
angina pectoris
artery section that has become abnormally widened-weakening of arterial wall
aneurysm
mechanical opening of an artery area
angioplasty
veins from other body areas used to route blood around blockage in the coronary arteries
coronary bypass surgery
what 4 structures compose the conduction system of the heart, what is their function, and where are they located
1) sinoatrial node-located near vena cave-acts as a pacemaker
2)atriovenicular node-lower right atrium-receives signal from brain for heart contraction
3)artioventricular bundle-in AV node-conducts signals through ventricles
4) purkinje fibers-conducts signals through ventricles-extend out of lateral walls
Fuctions of the cardiovascular system
1) carries food and oxygen to cells
2)carries wastes and CO2 away from cells
3)transports hormones
4) transports WBC-antibodies
5)chemicals to repair injuries-clotting