Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/85

Click to flip

85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Class:analgesic antipyretic

Use:pain fever

Comments:Not an anti-inflam
ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
Class:Antiinflam analgesic antipyretic

Use:pain fever arthritis

Comments:watch stomach upset and bleeding
morphine sulfate (Morphine)
Class:Narcotic analgesic

Use:pain

Comments: watch RR tolerance addiction
hydromorhone (Dilaudid)

(hye-droe-mor-fone)
Class:Narcotic analgesic

Use:pain

Comments:watch RR tolerance addiction
codeine
Class:narcotic analgesic

Use:pain antitussive

Comments:watch RR tolerance addiction
oxycodone (Percodan/Percocet)
Class:narcotic analgesic

Use:pain

Comments:watch RR tolerance addiction
naloxone (Narcan)

(nay-lox-own)
Class:Narcotic antagonist

Use:Narcotic OD

Comments:may cause narcotic withdraw may need to be repeated
Lidocain
Class:Local anesthetic

Use:procedures dental work

Comments:none
tetracycline (Achromycine)
Class:Antibiotic

Use:Infection

Comments:no milk/antacids teeth discoloration
sulfamethoxazol/trimethoprim (Bactrim)

(trye-meth-oh-prim)
Class:Antibiotic sulfonamides

Use:Infection UTI's

Comments:Empty stomach
acyclovir (Zovirax)

(aye-sigh-klo-veer)
Class:Antiviral

Use:Infection Herpes

Comments:None
nystatin (Mycostatin)
Class:Antifungal

Use:Infection Thrush

Comments:Severe reaction w/ETOH
isoniazid (INH)

(eye-soe-nye-a-zid)
Class:Antitebrcular

Use:TB

Comments:Will get drug resistant TB if only one drug;long term treatment
erythropoietin (Epogen)
Class:Hematologic

Use:Anemia, remal failure, chemo

Comments:None
filgrastim (Neupogen)

(fill-grass-tim)
Class:Hematologic

Use:Chemo

Comments:None
Epinephrine
Class:Adrenergic

Use:Anaphlaxis, shock

Comments:Increases HR, BP, and cardiac output
Amiodarone (Cordarone)

(ah-me-oh-dah-roan)
Class:Antiarrhythmic

Use:dysrhythmia

Comments:many side effects if on long term
digoxin (Lanoxin)
Class:Cardiotonic

Use:Dysrhythmia, CHF

Comments:Watch for hypokalemia (toxicity); hold pulse <60, S/S of toxicity- anorexia, N/V, halo, dysrhythmias
atenolol (Tenormin)

(ay-ten-oh-lol)
Class:Beta 1 selective blocker

Use: Post MI, dysrhythmia, CHF, HTN

Comments:NONE
metoprolol (Lopressor)
Class:Beta 1 selective blocker

Use:Post MI, dysrhythmia, CHF, HTN

Comments:NONE
diltiazem (Cardizem)

(dil-tye-a-zem)
Class:Calcium Channel Blocker

Use:HTN, dysrhythmia

Comments:NONE
warfarin (Coumadin)
Class:Anticoagulant

Use:Afib, post valvular surgery, DVT

Comments:Watch INR; vitamin K antidote
Heparin
Class:Anticoagulant

Use:Afib, CVT, PE

Comments:IV or SQ; monitor PTT or unfractionated heparin; give in abdomen; prevent further clots
enoxaparin (Lovenox)

(en-ox-ah-pear-in)
Class:Low molecular wt. Anticoagulant

Use:Afib, CVT, PE

Comments:prevent further clots
nitroglycerin (Nitrostat)
Class:Antianginal

Use:Cardiac chest pain

Comments:Cause headache; do not use w/erection drugs; tolerance
lovastatin (Mevacor)
Class:Antihyperlipidemic

Use:Cardiac event pervention

Comments:Combined w/diet
enalapril (Vasotec)

(en-al-ah-pril)
Class:ACE inhibitor

Use:HTN, CHF

Comments:Watch renal, potential angioedema
lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

(ly-sin-oh-pril)
Class:ACE Inhibitor

Use:HTN, CHF

Comments:Watch renal, potential angioedema
furosemide (Lasix)

(feur-oh-sah-mide)
Class:Loop diuretic

Use:CHF, HTN

Comments:Watch for decreased K+
spironolactone (Aldactone)

(speer-on-oh-lak-tone)
Class:K+ sparing diuretic

Use:CHF, HTN

Comments:Watch for increased K+
aspirin (ASA)
Class:Antiinflam, Antiplatelet, Analgesic

Use:Arthritis, Cardiac

Comments:Watch for bruising, DO NOT use w/children (Reye's syndrome)
clopidogrel (Plavix)

(klow-pih-duh-grel)
Class:Antiplatelet

Use:Cardiac

Comments:watch bruising
atropine sulfate (Atropine)
Class:Anticholinergic

Use:Cardiac, Ophthalmic, preOP

Comments:Will cause increased HR, dilates pupil, DO NOT use w/Glaucoma
phenobarbital
Class:Barbituate

Use:Neuro, Anticonvulsant

Comments:Causes sedation
temazepam (Restoril)

(tem-az-eh-pam)
Class:Hypnotic benzodiazepine

Use:Sleeplessness

Comments:Ok in elderly
lorazepam (Ativan)
Class:Benzodiazepine

Use:Sedative

Comments:Watch VS **RR and O2 sat**
diazepam (Valium)
Class:Benzodiazepine

Use:Sedative, anticonvulsant

Comments: For status epilepticus, avoid w/elderly
phenytoin (Dilantin)

(phen-ih-toyn)
Class:Hydantoin

Use:Anticonvulsant

Comments:Gingival hyperplasia
levodapa (L-Dopa)
Class:Antiparkinsonian

Use:1st line Parkinson drug

Comments:less effective over time; watch orthostatic hypotension
amantidine (Symmetrel)

(ah-man-tih-deen)
Class:Antiparkinsonian, antiviral

Use:Parkinson's Influenza A

Comments:May decrease BP, causes drowsiness
chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

(klor-dye-az-e-pox-ide)
Class:Benzodiazepine

Use:ETOH withdraw

Comments:NONE
amitriptyline (Elavil)

(a-me-trip-tih-leen)
Class:Tricyclic

Use:Depression

Comments:DO NOT use w/elderly, cardiac problems w/overdose
fluoxetine (Prozac)

(floo-ox-e-teen)
Class:SSRI

Use: Depression

Comments:NONE
thioridazine (Mellaril)

(thye-or-rid-a-zeen)
Class:Antipsychotic

Use:psychosis

Comments:Watch for tardive dyskinesia
lithium
Class:Psychiatric

Use:Bipolar

Comments:NONE
promethazine (Phenergan)

(proe-meth-a-zeen)
Class:Antiemetic

Use:N/V

Comments:Watch for sedation, decrease in BP and RR, potentiate effects of narcotics
ondansetron (Zofran)

(on-dan-sah-tron)
Class:Antiemetic

Use:N/V

Comments:Watch for sedation, decrease in BP and RR, potentiate effects of narcotics
hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

(high-drox-ih-zeen)
Class:Antiemetic

Use:N/V

Comments:Watch for sedation, decrease in BP and RR, potentiate effects of narcotics
albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)
Class:Bronchodilator-beta 2 stimulant

Use:Asthma, COPD

Comments:Watch for increased sympathetic activity
salmeterol (Serevent)

(sal-met-er-all)
Class:Sympathomimetic

Use:Bronchodialator

Comments:Order- bronchodilator
anticholinergic
steroid
fluticasone (Flovent, Advair with salmeterol)

(flew-tih-cah-sewn)
Class:Inhaled steroid

Use:Asthma, COPD

Comments:Wash mouth
theophylline (Theodur, Aminophylline)

(am-in-ah-phil-lin)
Class:Oral (or IV) bronchodilator

Use:COPD

Comments:NONE
cromolin (Nasalcrom)

(kroe-moe-lin)
Class:Bronchodilator

Use:Asthma

Comments:For Prevention
ipratropium (Atrovent)

(ih-prah-trow-pea-um)
Class:Bronchodilator

Use:COPD, Asthma

Comments:NONE
aluminum hydroxide (Amphogel)
Class:Antacid/antiphospate

Use:GI, Renal

Comments:Causes constipation
magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)
Class:Laxitive

Use:GI

Comments:Causes diarrhea (Maalox/Mylanta: combine w/aluminum)
famotidine (Pepcid)

(fah-mow-tih-deen)
Class:Antiulcer

Use:GI

Comments:Can cause confusion
omeprazole (Prilosec)

(oh-mep-rah-zole)
Class:Antiulcer

Use:GI

Comments:Can cause confusion
metoclopramide (Reglan)

(Meh-tah-klo-prah-myd)
Class:GI stimulant

Use:GI

Comments:Increases stomach emptying
ducosate (Surfak, Colace)
Class:Stool softener

Use:Consitpation

Comments:NONE
psyllium (Metamucil)

(sill-ee-yum)
Class:Laxative

Use:Constipation

Comments:take w/2 glasses of water
methylcellulose (Citracil)

(meth-ill-cell-you-los)
Class:Laxative

Use:Constipation

Comments:take w/2 glasses of water
bisacodyl (Dulcolax)

(bise-ah-co-dahl)
Class:Laxative

Use:Constipation

Comments:NONE
senna (Senokot)
Class:Laxative

Use:Constipation

Comments:NONE
hydrocortisone (Cortisone)
Class:Topical steroid

Use:antiinflammatory

Comments:NONE
nystatin (Mycostatin)

(nye-stat-in)
Class:Antiyeast (candida)

Use:Thrush

Comments:Swish and swallow
pilocarpine (Isoptocarpine)
Class:Antiglaucoma

Use:Glaucoma

Comments:Constricts pupil
timolol meleate

(tim-oh-lole)
Class:Opthalmic beta blockers

Use:Glaucoma

Comments:Watch for systemic beta blocker effects
betaxolol

(bay-tax-oh-ol)
Class:Opthalmic beta blockers

Use:Glaucoma

Comments:Watch for systemic beta blocker effects
mannitol (Osmitrol)
Class:Osmotic diuretic

Use:Increased cranial/ocular pressure

Comments:Profound diuresis so watch electrolytes
regular insulin (Humulin R, Regular)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:Watch for hypoglycemia, rapid acting, peaks 1/2hr to 3hr, mix reg first
intermediate acting insulin (NPH, Lente)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:Peaks 4 to 14hrs
long acting insulin (Lantus)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:No peak, 24hr duration
glipizide (Glucotrol)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:Cross sensitivity to sulfa
glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:NONE
metformin (Glucophage)

(met-for-min)
Class:Antidiabetic

Use:Diabetes

Comments:Watch renal
levothyroxine (Synthroid)
Class:Thyroid

Use:Hypothyroidism

Comments:Take in A.M.
prednisone (glucocorticoid)
Class:Steroids

Use:Inflammatory conditions

Comments:Multiple side effects w/long term use, including diabetes, susceptibility to infection, osteoporosis, DO NOT stop abruptly
dexamethasone (glucocorticoids)

(dex-a-meth-a-sone)
Class:Steroids

Use:Inflammatory conditions

Comments:Multiple side effects w/long term use, including diabetes, susceptibility to infection, osteoporosis, DO NOT stop abruptly
propylthiuracil (Propacil)

(proe-pill-thye-oh-yoor-a-sill)
Class:Antithyroid

Use:Hyperthyroidism

Comments:NONE
estradiol (Estrogen)

(ess-tra-dye-ole)
Class:Female Hormone

Use:HRT, Contraception

Comments:Watch for clots, no smoking
diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Class:Antihistamine

Use:Nasal congestion, allergies

Comments:Watch sedation
donepezil (Aricept)

(doh-neh-peh-zil)
Class:AChE inhibitors

Use:Alzheimer's

Comments:N/V and dizziness
tacrine (Cognex)

(tay-crin)
Class:AChE inhibitors

Use:Alzheimer's

Comments:N/V and dizziness, hepatotoxicity
sildenafil (Viagra)

(sill-den-a-fill)
Class:Phosphodiasterase inhibitor

Use:Erectile Dysfunction

Comments:DO NOT use w/nitrates