Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the actions of digoxin
increases contractility
decreases heart rate
controls dysrhythmias
At what HR do you hold digoxin
What are the signs of digoxin toxicity
dysrhythmias, GI- N/V/A/D, Mental changes- confusion, visual disturbances- yellow vision
What are the important things to assess with a patient taking digoxin
K-levels, renal failure, drug interactions, and effectivness
What are the drug interactions for digoxin
antacids, Ace Inhibitors, diuretics
What are the actions of Beta Blockers
slow HR, decrease contractility, slow conduction, bronchoconstriction, vasoconstriction, decrease myocardial O2 demand
propranolol (Inderal)
carvedilol (Coreg)
atenolol (Tenormin)
metoprolol (Lopressor, Betaloc, Toprol)
Beta Blockers
Nursing Implications for Beta Blockers
Assess HR, drug interactions (NO NSAIDS), assess for hypoglycemia
What are the side effects for Beta Blockers
Bronchospasm, exaggeration of cardiac effects, central nervous system penetration
What are the important teaching points for use of Beta Blockers
Check HR, monitor for low blood sugar, do not overdo exercise, decreases sexual ability
What are the S&S that the Pt. should report to the doctor when using Beta Blockers
irregular pule, mental changes, swelling of limbs, unusual bleeding
What are the uses for Calcium channel blockers
effect supply/demand, contol arrhythmias, contol BP, prevent coronary spasm
verapamil (Isoptin, Calan)
nifedipine (Procardia)
diltiazem (Cardizem)
amlodipine (Norvasc)
Calcium Channel Blockers
Nursing Implications for Calcium Channel Blockers
Assess rhythm, hypotension, drug interactions, monitor for side effects
What are the drug interactions for Calcium Channel Blockers
Beta Blockers, Digoxin, grapefruit
What are the side effects for Calcium Channel Blockers
hypotension and slow heart rate
What are the actions of Ace Inhibitors
Vasodilation, decrease release of aldosterone
captopril (Capoten)
enalapril (Vasotec)
lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil)
quinapril (Accupril)
Ace Inhibitors
Nursing Implications for Ace inhibitors
Assess renal function, hypotension
What are the side effects for Ace inhibitors
decrease in WBCs, cough, hyperkalemia, angioedema... No NSAIDS
What are the actions for nitroglycerin
nitroglycerine subligual (Nitrostat)
nitroglycerine ointment (Nitro-Bid, Nitrol)
transdermal nitroglycerine (Transderm-Nitro, Nitrodisc)
isosorbide (Sorbitrate/Isordil)
Nursing Implicaitons for Nitroglycerin
Keep BP> 90-100/systolic, treat headache, DO NOT TAKE W/erectile dysfunction meds
What is the action of loop diuretics
furosemide (Lasix)
bumetanide (Bumex)
inhibits reabsorption of sodium and water
What is the action of Osmotic diuretics
mannitol (Osmitrol)
prevents water reabsorption
What is the action of thiazide diuretics
chlorothiazide (Diuril)
hydochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
depress reabsorption of sodium, chloride, and water
What is the action of potassium sparing diuretics
spirolactone (Aldactone)
triamterene (Dyrenium)
Increases sodium loss only, not potassium
What are the side effects for diuretics
electrolyte imbalances, GI disturbances, hyperklemia
Nursing Implications for the use of diuretics
Assess- Weight, I/O, edema
What is the action of potassium suppliments
treansmission of impulses and contraction of muscles
What are the side effects for potassium suppliments
Bradycardia, gastric irritation, increased risk phlebities with IV use
Nursing Implications for potassium suppliments
Watch for S&S of bleeding, and k levels,
What are the actions of anticoagulants
prevent formation and extension of a thrombus
What are teh actions of antihyperlipidemic agents
lowers elevated levels of LDL/VLDL and raises teh level of HDL
What are the side effects for Antihyperlipidemic agents
Increased liver enzymes, pain is muscles and muscles problems, NO grapefruit