Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
7 classes of vertebrates
1)agnatha(jawless fish)
2)chondrichthes(cartilege fish)
3)osteichtheys(bony fish)
4)amphibians
5)reptiles
6)aves
7)mammals
What phylum are all these classes under?
Cordata
List 7 of the 11 systems and give their function
1)skeletal-support and protection
2)muscular-movement
3)digestive-nutrition
4)Excrecitory-remove wastes
5)immune-fight infection
6)endocrine-hormones
7)nervous-transmit impulses
List the Three orders of reptiles and give an example in each one:
A)chelonia-turtle
b)crocodilia-alligator
c)squamato-lizard
gill cover in fishes
operculum
thin walled sac that permits a fish to remain at a particular level in the water
air bladder
a line of sensory cells along each line of a fish
lateral line
a canal that connects the mouth cavity with the middle ear
eustachian tube
a period of dormancy brought on by high temps
estivation
the hard covering on the back of an animal such as crab, lobster, or turtle
carapace
lower shell of a turtle
plastron
tiny pits in the snake's mouth which contains nerve endings that are very sensitive to smell
jacobson's organ
the process of molting
ecdysis
affects nervous system-heart action and breathing
neurotoxin
destory red blood cells and small blood vessels
hemotoxin
fertilization for fish
spawn
the sperm-containing discharge of fishes
milt
a folded membrane that connects the intestine and the doral body wall
mesentry
movement of blood through kidneys
renal
liver
hepatic
egg having a protective membrane and a porous shell enclosing the developing embryo
amniot
thin covering that keeps eyeballs moist
nictating membrane
still column of cells along dorsal site appears in ebryo
notochord
List 3 reasons why fish migrate to shallow waters to spawn
1)less current
2)less predators
3)warmer water
What type of vertebrate behavior is spawning
innate
list three characteristics of amphibians
1)legs as adults
2)gills as larvae lungs as adults
3)external fertilization
List 3 characteristics of all chordate
1)vertibral column
2)pectoral and pelvic girdle
3)specialized body systems
List the five different regions of the perch brain and the function of each
1)olfactory lobe-sensitive chemicals in the environment
2)cerebrum-concerned w/ olfactory functions
3)optic lobes-main integrative
4)cerebellum-coordinate muscular activities
5)medulla oblingata-control activites of internal organs
which fish sense is probably the keenest
olfactory
what is the longest bony fish and what length can it grow to?
oarfish, 17 months
structure that forms fish tail
caudal fin
anterior and posterior fins that help fish stay upright
dorsal fin
homologous to front legs
pectoral fin
homologous to back legs
pelvic fin
grows along midline on the ventral side of fish
anal fin
why do fish feel slimy and what benefits do they get from this slimy covering?
their scales are lubricated by mucus; benefits-helps fish glide smoothly through the water
what does a gill consist of?
arch of bone or cartilage fringed w/ a double row of thin-walled projections
what is the function of the airbladder and how does it work?
it acts as a float and it adjusts to the amount of gas by losing or receiving it
list 2 fish that have no air bladder, and what happens to them when they stop swimming
mackeral and darter-they sink to the bottom