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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hard outside covering of arthropod
exoskeleton
protein that makes exoskeleton strong
chitin
process of shedding old exoskeleton and producing new one
molting
tip of abdomen; fluid from silk gland
spinnerete
sac at the base of each antannae
statocyst
butterfly cacoon
chrysalis
food they give queen bee
royal jelly
double opuches that produce enzymes
gastric caeca
release nitrogen wastes from insects
malpighian tubles
tiny opening on an insect's body that leads to the trachea
spiracles
grasshopper ear
tympanum
deposits egg of grasshopper
ovipositor
help catch food and protect crayfish
chiliped
excrecetory organs
green gland
what is meant by an open circulatory system?
the blood just washes over the major organs
list the three steps in incomplete metamorphosis and give an example of an insect that goes through it
a)egg
b)nymph
c)adult
eg) grasshopper
List the four steps of complete metamorphosis and give an example of an insect that goes through it
a)egg
b)larva
c)pupa
d)adult
eg) bee
List the four big orders of insects and an example in each one
a) coleoptera-beetles
b) Diptera-flies
c) Lepidoptera-butterflies
d) hymenoptera-ants
List four different types of insect mouthparts and give an example of an insect that has them
a) siphoning-butterfly
b) lapping-fly
c) sucking-mosquito
d) chewing-grasshopper
List the 3 dif. types of bees and their job in the hive
a) drone-mate and fertilize eggs
b) queen-produce eggs
c) worker- care for queen, larva, get food, defend enemy
individual lenses on a compound eye
facet
process of physical change from young to adult
metamorphosis
upper mouthpart of an insect
labrum
chewing mouthpart
mandible
water vascular system
echinoderm circulatory system
protects the thorax region
carapuce
hold food while the crayfish is chewing
maxilliped
flipper
uropod
triangular structure in the middle of the tail
telson
eye that has more than 2,000 lenses
compound eye
lawer cavity of the sinus
sternal sinus
large sinus that surrounds the heart
pericardial sinus
3 pairs of tiny pores arount he head
ostia
how many pairs of walking legs to crayfish have?
4 pairs
what function do the antennules have?
organs of equilibrium
what 3 senses are carried or controlled by the antennae?
a)touch
b)taste
c) smell
how do crayfish keep their balance?
their antennuoles
what type of circulatory system do crayfish have and how does it function?
open-the arteries pour blood over all the major organs of the body
explain the crayfish's reproduction: (include what happens to the fertilized egg)
femals get stored sperm; as she lays her eggs they get fertilized; they get covered by a sticky secretion so they'll stick to the swimmerettes the swimerettes aerate the eggs and the female protects them for 6-8 weeks
how do crayfish keep from losing blood when casting off an injured limb
a double membrane