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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the function of the thalamus
Gateway to the cortex, "Filtering" and "Gating" information to the cortex
What function does basal ganglis participate in?
Motor planning, sequencing, learning, maintenance, rule based habit learning, predictive control, working memory, attention, switches in behavioral set
Why is the basal ganglis known as a release circuit
Basal Ganglia is a basic release circuit that works through disinhibition to translate perception and cognition into action
What are the componenets of the basal ganglia
Caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, substantia nigra
What is unique about medium spiny neurons
95 percent of neurons in the BG
How are the two pathways through the basal ganglia different
Direct: Cortex -> Striatum -> globus pallidus internal -> thalamus

Indirect: Cortex -> Striatum -> globus pallidus external -> globus pallidus internal-> thalamus