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11 Cards in this Set

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105.1 Describe the difference between Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) and Hazardous
Waste (HW).
“Hazardous materials” generally applies to certain raw materials or products, purchased from outside suppliers, that are stored and used at your facility.
“Hazardous wastes” is a term with a specific legal meaning that applies to certain materials that have been generated as wastes from processes carried out at your facility.
105.2 State the purpose and information contained on the Material Safety Data Sheet
(MSDS).
Document generated by manufacturer of the material
Communicates to the users the chemical, physical, and hazardous properties of that material. In compliance with OSHA hazard communication, standard key information contained includes the following Name, address, and emergency contact for the manufacturer
Physical/Chemical Characteristics
Fire and Explosive Hazard Data
Reactivity Data
Health Hazard Data
Precautions for Safe Handling and Use
Control Measures
105.3 What are the six categories of HAZMAT?
A. HIGH (Industrial, Construction)
B. Moderate (Supply, Mechanics)
C. Low (Administrative, Clerical, Classroom)
D. Shipboard Personnel
E. Operating Forces
F. Student
105.4 Explain the storage procedures for incompatible material.
-According to the type of HAZMAT, certain storage procedures must be applied.
-For example, do not mix flammables and toxic materials, or flammables and corrosives, together.
-The safest practice is to draw only the amount of material that can be used that day.
-Storing hazardous materials on the job site requires the use of approved containers.
-Containers must be placed a minimum of 50 feet away from any ignition device or source.
-Plan for the delivery of proper storage equipment before hazardous materials are delivered to job site.
105.5 What are the general procedures to be followed when a Hazardous
Material/Hazardous Waste (HM/HW) spill occurs or is discovered?
-The unit must respond immediately
-Must have an approved response team, equipment, and disposal plan.
-Reports must be made and tests conducted to ensure no contamination remains.
-Disposal of contaminated soils, etc. must follow strict guidelines.
105.6 State the PPE required when handling HM/HW.
Ensure all personnel understand the following:
What hazard materials are present
What PPE is required for protection from each specific danger
Example: Face shield, goggles, gloves, apron, boots.
105.7 Describe required training for all hands with respect to the HM/HW Program.
Management Personnel- Receive sufficient training to ensure that an aggressive and continuing OSH program is implemented throughout the activity
Supervisory Personnel- Receive training that enables them to recognize unsafe and unhealthful working conditions and practices in the workplace.
Training shall also include the development of skills necessary to manage the activities OSH program at the work unit level.
Non-supervisory Personnel-Training shall include specialized job-safety and health training appropriate to the work performed .
105.8 Describe the purpose of secondary labeling of HAZMAT when unit packages (marked packages that are part of a larger container) are removed from the shipping container.
Secondary Labeling is to inform the user by means of words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof of the specific physical and health hazard(s), including target organ effects, of the chemical(s) in the container(s).
.9 Define the following terms:
a. Hazardous Material Minimization Center (HAZMINCEN)
b. Consolidated Hazardous Material Reutilization and Inventory Management
Program (CHRIMP)
c. Hazardous Materials Inventory Control System (HICS)
HAZMINCEN: Central Hazardous Materials Center for an installation. Responsible for procurement and inventory management activities.
CHRIMP: Consolidated Hazardous Material Reutilization Inventory Management Program
Purpose: Reduce Costs
Protect navy and other personnel from unnecessary exposure to Hazardous Waste and Material.Minimizes the Navy’s long-term risk for liability associated with HW disposal.
Comply with all Federal, state, and local environmental statutes, laws, and regulations.
HICS: Hazardous Inventory Control System Prepares reports for administration purposes of the HAZMAT inventory. A combined program with CHRIMP
105.10 Discuss the aspects of portable containment of oils spills on water.
An oil slick on the surface of the water blocks the flow of oxygen from the atmosphere into the water.
Booming of spills has proved to be effective in containing spills of liquids on relatively calm and current-free waters.
Following confinement of oil spills on water, various methods of removing the confined liquid have been used.
Absorbents, such as straw, plastics, sawdust, and peat moss are spread on the surface of the spill and then collected and burned on shore.
Skimming devices operate on a different principle and must include pumps and separators.
Skimmers scoop up the oil and water and send them through an oil separator and rollers to which only the oil adheres.
The oil is then removed by scraping and compression.
105.11 Discuss the environmental impact of the following: [ref. b, ch. 7]
a. Oil spills
b. Grubbing operations
c. Asbestos
d. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)
A. Clearing Spills: Completely remove all contaminated soil from the site to a facility or landfill that is designed to receive such material. Must be done carefully so that the underlying and adjacent soil is not contaminated by the removal process.
B. Grubbing Operations: Large scale clearing in initial stages of a project can produce damaging side effects:
Increased soil erosion Reduction of atmospheric oxygen Destruction of wildlife habitat Preventive measures
Save as much vegetation as possible, Construct shallow trench around project, Burn only when necessary and after obtaining a burn permit. Do not use petroleum-based fuels to start fires.
C. Asbestos: Fibrous material used extensively from the 1930’s to the 1960’s Covered by OPNAVINST 5100.23, As a rule, NCF DOES NOT do asbestos work.
D. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Group of toxic chemicals used extensively as insulators and coolers in electrical equipment, especially transformers. Causes irritation to eyes, skin, and lungs, also suspected of causing cancer Accumulate in the environment and are absorbed into human fat tissues.