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13 Cards in this Set

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State the objectives of first aid.
Save life, prevent further injury, and prevent infection
State the methods for controlling bleeding.
Direct pressure, pressure points, elevation, tourniquet (as a last resort).
A pressure point is a place where a main artery to the injured lies near the skin surface over the bone. Identify an example of a pressure point.
Superficial temporal - temple
Facial artery - jaw
Common cartoid - neck
Subclavian - collar bone
Brachial - inner upper arm/elbow
Radial/Ulnar - wrist
Femoral - upper thigh
Iliac - groin
Popliteal - knee
anterior/posterior tibial-ankle
Describe the systems and treatment for shock.
Shock is a disruption of the circulatory system.
Systems-vacant or lackluster eyes, shallow breathing, cold pale skin, nausea, and weak pulse.

Treatment-lay victim down with feet elevated 6-12 in., cover them to maintain body heat.
Describe the 3 classifications of burn.
1st degree-mildest, redness, increased warmth, tenderness, mild pain.
2nd-most painful, red and blistered skin, severe pain.
3rd-destroyed tissue, skin and bone, severe pain absent due to nerve endings being destroyed.
Heat exhaustion symptoms and treatment.
A serious disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart, and lungs.
Symtoms- skin cool, moist, clammy, pupils dilated, normail/subnormal temp., sweating profusely.
Treatment-Move victim to cool area, apply wet clothes to head, groin, and ankles, fan victim, do not allow to become chilled.
Heat stroke symptoms and treatment.
Breakdown of sweating mechanisms of the body.
Symptoms-hot/dry skin, uneven pupil dilation, weak/rapid pulse.
Treatment-reduce heat immediately by dousing body with cold water. Appy wet, cold towels and move victim to coolest place. Maintain open airway.Place on back with shoulders raised slightly. Place cold packs around neck and shoulders.
State the difference b/w an open and closed fracture.
Closed "simple" fracture is internal, the bone is broken with no break in the skin.
Open "compound" fracture is an open would on the tissue or skin and the bone may be protruding through the skin.
Electrical shock - Personnel Rescue/Treatment
Do not touch the victim, wire or any obj. conducting electricity. Turn off the current. If no switch is found, try to remove the wire with a dry broom, stick, handle, branch, or any conducting obj.
Treatment-administer artificial ventilation if breathinghas stopped. CPR if there's no pulse.
Clearing an obstructed airway.
Stand behind the victim and wrap your arms around the victims waist. Grasp your wrist and place thumb side of your fist against abdomen and give 4 quick upward thrust.
If laying down, straddle the victim's hips, place your hands on top of the other in the area b/w the lower end of the sternum and give 4 quick upward thrust.
Describe effects of hypothermia.
A general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temp. Body tissuefeel simi rigid, and the arms and legsmay feel stiff. First aid consits of bringing body temp to normal.
Describe the effects of frostbite.
Ice crystals forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temp. of 32 degrees or lower.
Describe the effefts of deep frostbite.
Ice crystals formin in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temp. of 32 degrees of lower. Treatment is to get the victim indoors, rewarm the area by placing them in warm water or with hot water bottles. NEVER rub the frost bite area.