Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/101

Click to flip

101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acclaim
enthusiastic praise or approval given publicly
acme
the higest point, especially of achievement or perfection
adjunct
something added to something else without forming an essential part of it
adversity
hardship, suffering, or misfortune
aegis
1. protection or support 2. patronage, auspices
affinity
1. a natural attraction or liking to something
allusion
an indirect or implied reference for something
analogy
a comparison between two things that have some features in common but are otherwise different from each other
annotation
an explanatory note or commentary added to a document
antithesis
the direct or exact opposite of something
archetype
1. the original model or pattern for other things of the same type 2. an ideal or typical example of something
artifact
an object created by human, especially a tool or something of pratical importance that has archaeological, historical, or cultural interest.
avant-garde
the leading edge of a trend or movement especially in the arts
bathos
1. insincere or excessive feelings or pity or compassion 2. a sudden change in style from the sublime to the commonplace; the anticlimax
behemoth
something monstrously big or powerful
bellwhether
something that acts as an indicator of a future trend
bully pulpit
a public position of prominence, such as a political office that gives the holder a large audience
cataclysm
a sudden and violent disaster or upheval that causes major change or action to occur
catalyst
somebody or something that causes change to occur or brings an action or an event
catch-22
a situation in which the desired outcome is impossible to achieve because the rules that govern the situation always work agianst the solution
chagrin
a feeling of annoyance or humiliation caused by a failure or disappointment
chronology
1. the order in which events occur 2. a list in order of occurrence
cliche
a word or phrase that has lost its originally effectiveness due to its longterm overuse
collusion
secret cooperation or agreement between two or more parties for illegal or decietful purposes
compendium
1. a brief but complete summary of larger work or subject 2. a list or collection of items
complement
1. something that completes or perfects another thing 2. the quantity of things required to make something complete
conduit
1. a pipe or channel that comveys liquid
2. a pipe or tube that encloses and protects electrical wires or other cables
3. a person or thing that conveys information or goods
correlation
a relationship between two or more things that tend to change or occur together
dearth
a scarcity or shortage of something; a famine
debacle
a disaster, defeat, or total and humiliating failure
decadence
the state or process of decline or decay in standards or morals; degeneration
demeanor
a persons behavior or manner; bearing; deportment
deprivation
the condition of being without something, especially food and shelter
deterrent
something that prevents or dicourages an action especially by using fear or doubt
dichotomy
a separation into two contradictory or fundamentally different parts
disparity
1. a lack of equality between people or things
2. a dissimilarity
dynasty
1. a series of rulers from the same family
2. a family or group that holds influence through several generations
effect
1. the result of some action or cause
2. the ability to influence something or someone
embargo
1. a government order that prohibits some or all trade with a foriegn nation
2. a prohibition
enigma
something that is not easy to understand or explain; a mystery
epitome
a representative or ideal example of a class or type
euphemism
a word or phrase substituted for another word or phrase that is considered to be to blunt, harsh, or offensive
exodus
a departure that involves a large number of people
fiasco
a total failure
foresight
the ability to imagine or provide future consequences or problems; anticipation; providence
gambit
1. a manuever or ploy, especially one used in the beginning; a stratagem
2. a remark used to begin a conversation
3. an opening chess move that sacrifices a minor piece such as a pawn to gain a positional advantage
gamut
a complete range or series
gusto
lively and vigorous enjoyment; relish; zest
hindsight
the ability ot judge or understand the significance of an event after it has happened
hiatus
a gap or break in an otherwise continuous object or schedule; an interruption
horde
a large group; a throng (usually of people); a swarm (of insects)
impasse
a situation in which no further progress can be made; a deadlock; a logjam; a stalemate
inception
the beginning of something or a commencement
inverse
the opposite of something
iota
an extremely small amount of something; a jot; a tad; a whit
irony
1. the use of words to express something different from an usually opposite to their literal meaning
itinerary
a route for a journey that lists different places in the order that they are to be visited
juxtaposition
the placement or two or more things that are placed side by side to compare or contrast them
labyrinth
1. a place that contains an interconnected an complicated set of tunnels, passageways, or paths in which it would be easy to become lost; a maze; a warren 2. something with an extremely complex or intricate structure or composition
longevity
1. the duration of a life; the length of a life 2. the length of a career
metaphor
a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing but is applied to another to suggest a likeness or make a comparison
mettle
courage, spirit, or strength of character; fortitude
miscellany
a diverse collection of things; an assortment; a mixed bag
misnomer
a wrong or unsuitable name for a person or object
morale
the overall levle of optimism or confidence felt by a person or group, especially as it affects discipline and loyalty; espirit de corps
onus
a necessity or responsibility, especially a disagreeable one; a burden
oxymoron
a phrase that combines two words that have contradictory meanings
paradigm
a typical example, especially one taht serves as a model or pattern
parphernalia
1. equipment or gear used in a particular activity; accessories 2. personal belongings
penchant
a strong liking or tast for something; a particularity
plethora
a large or excessice amount; an overabundance
plight
a bad or unfortunate situation
precursor
1. a person or thing that comes before and leads to the development of another person or thing 2. a person who has held a particular position before someone else; a forerunner; a predecessor
predicament
an unpleseant, troublesome, or embarrassing situation from which there is no easy way out; a jam; a fix
prelude
an event or action that precedes or serces to introduce something else, particularly something longer or more important
prodigy
a wondrous act or event, especially a young person who shows extraordinary talent
propensity
a natural inclination; a proclivity; a tendency
proximity
nearness in space or time; closeness
ramification
a consequence of an action or decision that may complicate the situation
recourse
1. the act of turning to a person or thing for assistance 2. a person, thing, or course of action to which a person turns for assistance
repetoire
1. the collection of musical or dramatic material that a player or troupe knows and can perform 2. the complete bodies of works available in a particular segment of the arts 3. the range of skills, abilities and techniques of a person or troupe
respite
a short period of rest or relief, especially one that comes after a period of exertion
rift
1. a break in relations caused by a disagreement 2. a narrow fissure, a cleft; a crevice
sarcasm
the use of words that mean the opposite of their literal meaning and that are intended to mock, ridicule, or deride a person or thing
satire
1. the use of wit, especially irony or sarcasm, to attack human vice and folly 2. a work of art that uses satire
scourge
1. a source of widespread affliction and devastation 2. a person or thing that inflicts punishment, suffering, or severe criticism
serendipidity
a fortunate or useful discovery made by accident; the facutly or gift for making such discoveries
solecism
1. an ungrammatical combination of words or a non-standard usage; a malapropism; a misusage 2. something inappropiate or incorrect 3. a violation of etiquette or good manners
sophistry
argumentation that seems plausable but is actually flawed, especially in a dishonest or fallacious way
spate
a sudden and strong flood or outpouring of something
status quo
the current state or condition of affairs
surrogate
1. a person or thing that takes place of another person or thing 2. a woman who bears a child for another couple
synopsis
a condensed version of a text; an abstract; a summary; a concise outline of a subject
transcript
1. a written record of an ecent such as a court session, television or radio show 2. the record of a student's academic history
transgression
1. an act that violates a law, command, duty, or moral code; a breach; an infraction 2. an act that oversteps a limit or bound; an encroachment; a trespass
trevail
hard work, especially work that requires painful effort of hard physical labor ove a long period; toil
trepidation
fear or uneasiness about the future
verisilitude
the quality of being or appearing to be true or real
zenith
1. high point or climax of something; the culmination; the peak; acme e. the point on the celestial sphere is directly overhead the observer
k
j
advent
the arrival of something important or long-awaited