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22 Cards in this Set

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CAPVT XXXI Cum Clauses; Fero
Cum Clauses; Fero
CUM TEMPORAL CLAUSES
verb following CUM is indicative; describes the precise time of an action
Cum eum videbis, eum cognosces.
When you (will) see him [i.e., at that very moment],you will recognize him.
Cum vincimus, turn pacem speras.
When (while) we are winning, you are (at the same time) hoping for peace.
Cum ad ilium locum venerant, turn amicos contulerant.
When they had come to that place, they had brought their friends or not only had they come to that place, but they had also brought their friends.
CUM CIRCUMSTANTIAL CLAUSE
verb of the cum clause is subjunctive; describes the general circumstances (rather than the exact time) when the main action occurred
Cum hoc fecisset, ad te fugit.
When he had done this, he fled to you. (circumstantial)
CUM CAUSAL CLAUSE
verb of the cum clause is subjunctive; explains the cause of the main action
Cum hoc sciret, potuit eos iuvare.
Since he knew this, he was able to help them, (causal)
CUM ADVERSATIVE Or CONCESSIVE CLAUSE
verb of the cum clause is subjunctive; describes a circumstance that might have obstructed the main action or is in some other way opposed to it. The adverb tamen often appears in the main clause.
Cum hoc sciret, tamen milites misit.
Although he knew this, nevertheless he sent the soldiers, (adversative)
Cum Gaium diligeremus, non poteramus eum iuvare.
Although we loved Gaius, we could not help him. (adversative)
IRREGULAR Fero, ferre, tuli, latum (to bear, carry; to endure)
In the present system fero is simply a third conjugation verb, formed exactly like ago except that the stem vowel does not appear in a few places, including the infinitive FERRE.
carry!
fer!
to bear, carry- infinitives
ACTIVE: present- ferre, perfect- tulisse, future- laturus esse PASSIVE: present- ferri, perfect- latus esse, future- latum iri
to bear, carry- present indicative active
fero, fers, fert, ferimus, fertis, ferunt [note the exceptions appear in the same places as with sum, esse
to bear, carry- present indicative passive
feror, ferris, fertur, ferimur, ferimini, feruntur
to bear, carry- INDICATIVE ACTIVE SYNOPSIS
present- fert, imperfect- ferebat, future- feret, perfect- tulit, pluperfect- tulerat, future perfect- tulerit
to bear, carry- INDICATIVE PASSIVE SYNOPSIS
present- fertur, imperfect- ferebatur, future- feretur, perfect- latus est, pluperfect- latus erat, future perfect- latus erit
to bear, carry- SUBJUNCTIVE ACTIVE SYNOPSIS
present- ferat, imperfect- ferret, future- X, perfect- tulerit, pluperfect- tulisset, future perfect- X
to bear, carry- SUBJUNCTIVE PASSIVE SYNOPSIS
present- feratur, imperfect- ferretur, future- X, perfect- latus sit, pluperfect- latus esset, future perfect- X
CAPVT XXVIII Subjunctive Mood; Present Subjunctive; Jussive and Purpose Clauses
Subjunctive Mood; Present Subjunctive; Jussive and Purpose Clauses