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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gregor Mendels
Eight years of research on breeding seven different bipolar characteristics of the garden pea plant
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Common cause of mental retardation
chid normal at birth
symptoms: odor in urine, irritability, small head
Conversion to tyrosine by means of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase. Without phenylalanine is not metabolized propersly and there is a build up of phenylpyruvic acid and other phenylketones
Huntington's disease
Three features:
Chorea - involuntary movements occuring at rest
Dementia - usually appears after the movement
Hereditability - runs in families, appears around age 35- 50

Pathology: massive destruction of the basal ganlia, 50% reduction in weight in the corpus striatum; cortical cell loss
Corpus striatum
Consists of the Putamen, Caudate, and Amygdaloid
Gem shape (Putamen) with cord (Caudate) ending with the amygdaloid
involved in motor movement, it is the primary motor center for animals with little or no neocortex (reptiles, birds)
Humans: responsible for stop and go, speed variation
Lenticular nucleus
consists of the putamen and the globus pallidus (part of the Corpus striatum)
Caudate nucleus
part of the Corpus Striatum
which ends in the amygdala
Wilson's disease
Wilson's disease:
risis sardonicus
latin name for
refers to
Kayser Fleischer rings
colored rings around the outer part of the iris from copper
is the
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
DNA is