Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Any loss of function (psychological or physical) called?
Condition due to impairment called?
Disadvantage an impaired person has in their social envieroment called?
Bedrest Effects: Cardio?
Initially - ^ blood flow and volume to the heart -> vasodepression -> dilation of vasulature -> heart rate v -> more blood flow to kidneys w/ DIURETIC EFFECT

Later - loss of fluid times leads to ^ resting heart rate (weakens heart over time) -> v IN MAX CARDIAC OUTPUT with exercise

Other - hypercoagulability & vessel wall damage = high incidence of deep venous thrombosis
Bedrest Effects: Pulmonary?
All lung volumes v

Increase of ventilation-perfusion mismatching (more significant)
Bedrest Effects: Muscular?
v muscle strength, x-sect size and weight

muscles become more easily fatiguable
Bedrest Effects: Skeletal?
Initial ^ in serum Ca from resorption of bone

Then v in serum Ca w/ ^ Ca excretion
Bedrest Effects: GI?
Decrease: Esophageal function, small bowel motility & defecation pressures

Increase: Gastric acidity, transit time through the stomach -> ^ gastric ulcers and constipation
Bedrest Effects: Endocrine?
v in muscle responsiveness

some alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary axis

v in glucose tolerance
What 3 tests are need for assessment of disability?
3)Functional examinations
Steps of Autonomic dysreflexia (hyperreflexia)?
1) Noxious stimulus (UTI, appendicitis, etc)

2) vasoconstion -> ^ blood volume to heart

3) ^ BP activates baroreceptors in carotid sinus and aorta -> ^ vagal tone & v HR
Parkinson's defined by what disorders?
1) Bradykinesian or
2) Akinesia

do not need tremor or rigidity, just disinclination to move
Common signs of Parkinsons?

Tremor, Rigidity, Akinesia (or bradykinesia), Postural disturbances/instability
What disorder is characterized by postural hypotension and Parkinsonism?
Shy-Drager Syndrome
What disorder is characterized by paralysis of eye movement (esp up and down gaze 1st) and Parkinsonism?
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Dementia, psychiatric disorders & movemnt disorders such as chorea characterize?
Huntington's Dz

Autosomal Dominant - CAG sequence

Lesion of where causes Hemiballismus?
Subthalamic nucleus (contralateral)
What type of tremor is present in cerebellar disease?

Examples of cerebellar dz?
Intention tremor - as patient approaches target

Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration
-Thiamine deficiency (Wernicke's syn)
-Frederick's atxia (AR)
Someone under 40 or 50 that develops a movement disorder, think of?
Wilson's disease

-Copper toxicity problem
-Cu deposited in limbus of cornea and produce Kaiser-Fleischer rings
Parkinsons typical sym or asym?
Tardive dyskinesia most commonly found in?
Tongue - writhes around or goes into abnormal postures